Historical Events on August 4

  • 1181 Supernova SN 1181 in the constellation Cassiopeia observed by Chinese and Japanese astronomers, lasting until August 6
  • 1265 Battle of Evesham: English prince Edward beats Simon de Montfort the younger
  • 1347 English troops conquer Fort Calais
  • 1351 Sea battle at Zwartewaal: Willem V beats Hoeksen and English
  • 1558 1st printing of Zohar (Jewish Kabbalah)
  • 1578 Battle of The Three Kings [Battle of Alcazar quivir): Moroccans defeat a Moroccan-Portuguese alliance in northern Morocco with 10,000 killed
  • 1598 London's head office of Hanze closed
  • 1636 Johan Mauritius appointed governor of Dutch Brazil
  • 1666 Hurricane hits Guadeloupe, Martinique and St Christopher; thousands die
  • 1666 Sea battle between Netherlands and England
  • 1693 Date traditionally ascribed to Dom Pérignon's invention of Champagne
  • 1704 War of Spanish Succession, English and Dutch troops occupy Gibraltar
  • 1730 Crown prince Frederick of Prussia escapes to England
  • 1735 Jury acquits John Zenger (NY Weekly Journal) charged with seditious libel by royal governor of NY (victory for Freedom of press)

Historic Event

1753 George Washington becomes a master mason

Historic Event

1772 English poet and artist William Blake aged 14 is first apprenticed to engraver James Basire in London

  • 1777 Retired British cavalry officer Philip Astley establishes his riding school with performances in London, precursor of the circus
  • 1789 French Revolution: The National Constituent Assembly meets and issues the first decrees that abolish centuries of feudalism in France
  • 1790 United States Revenue Cutter Service is established to serve as an armed customs enforcement service (becoming the US Coast Guard in 1915)
  • 1791 The Treaty of Sistova is signed, ending the Ottoman-Habsburg wars
  • 1821 1st edition of American magazine "The Saturday Evening Post"

Russian Antarctic Expedition

1821 Russian Antarctic expedition led by Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen returns to Kronshtadt after becoming the 1st to circumnavigate Antarctica

  • 1824 Battle of Kos is fought between Turks and Greeks
  • 1830 Plans for city of Chicago laid out
  • 1845 Emigrant ship Cataraqui wrecks in Bass Strait with the loss of 400 lives, only nine survive, Australia's deadliest maritime civil disaster [1]
  • 1854 The Hinomaru is established as the official flag to be flown from Japanese ships
  • 1855 John Bartlett publishes "Familiar Quotations"
  • 1862 US government collects its 1st income tax
  • 1864 Land & naval action new Brazos Santiago, Texas
  • 1870 British Red Cross Society forms

Historic Event

1873 Indian Wars: whilst protecting a railroad survey party in Montana, US 7th Cavalry, under Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer, clashes for the 1st time with the Sioux near the Tongue River. 1 man killed on each side.

Catholic Encyclical

1879 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Aeterni Patris

  • 1881 122°F (50°C), Seville, Spain (European record)
  • 1886 Colombia adopts constitution

Historic Event

1892 Queen Wilhelmina and Emma open Merwede Canal between Amsterdam and the Rhine

Murder of Interest

1892 Sunday school teacher Lizzie Borden's father and stepmother are murdered with an axe in Fall River, Massachusetts; Borden is later arrested, tried and acquitted

  • 1897 Henry A Rucker appointed Collector of Internal Revenue for Georgia
  • 1900 An allied expeditionary force, made up of Japanese, Russian, British, French and American troops, sets off from Tientsin for Peking, China, to put down Boxer rebellion
  • 1902 The Greenwich foot tunnel under the River Thames opens
  • 1903 Cardinal Giuseppe Sarto of Venice elected Pope Pius X
  • 1903 Giuseppe Sarto elected Pope Pius X, known as the 'pope of the poor and humble'
  • 1907 Tour de France: Lucien Petit-Breton of France beats countryman Gustave Garrigou to win first of 2 Tour victories
  • 1910 MLB pitching duel; Philadelphia A's Jack Coombs and White Sox Ed Walsh pitch a 0-0 tie in 16 innings
  • 1914 German fleet under admiral Souchon fire on Algerian coast
  • 1914 US declares neutrality on the outbreak of WWI

Declaration of War

1914 WWI: Field Marshal Lord Kitchener becomes British Minister of War after British declaration of war on Germany

  • 1914 WWI: German army shoots Belgian priests and burns down village of Battice
  • 1914 WWI: Germany declares war on Belgium; Britain declares war on Germany
  • 1914 WWI: King Albert I becomes Supreme Commander of Belgian army after German declaration of war
  • 1916 Denmark and the United States sign a treaty whereby the Danish West Indies, including the Virgin Islands, are to be ceded to the US in 1917 for $25 million
  • 1916 The Turks attack the British line at Romani in the northern Sinai (WWI)
  • 1917 Pravda calls for the killing of all capitalists, priests and officers

Historic Event

1918 Adolf Hitler receives the Iron Cross first class for bravery on the recommendation of his Jewish superior, Lieutenant Hugo Gutmann

  • 1919 Hungarian communist leader Béla Kun flees to Vienna after the Hungarian Soviet Republic is overthrown by the Romanian Army

Historic Event

1919 Rodin Museum opens in Paris in The hôtel Biron containing works left to the state by the sculptor Auguste Rodin

  • 1922 Lizzie Murphy becomes the first female to play against MLB players in a charity exhibition; all-stars from New England and AL v Boston Red Sox at Fenway Park
  • 1925 1st Dutch government of Prime Minister Hendrikus Colijn forms
  • 1925 US marines leave Nicaragua after 13-year occupation
  • 1929 60,000 SA'ers/SS'ers march by Munich
  • 1929 Cleveland Indians, trailing 6-5 in 9th with 2 outs score AL record tying 9 runs, beat NY Yankees 14-6
  • 1929 Jones Beach in NY opens
  • 1930 Child labor laws established in Belgium

Sports History

1934 Giants outfielder Mel Ott becomes first player in MLB history to score 6 runs in a game as New York beats Phillies, 21-4

  • 1934 II British Empire Games open at London's White City Stadium

Olympic Gold

1936 American athlete Jesse Owens wins his 2nd gold medal at the Berlin Olympics; beats German Luz Long in the long jump final with an Olympic record

  • 1936 American Helen Stephens runs 11.5 to win the 100m at the Berlin Olympics, beating controversial intersex athlete Stanisława Walasiewicz of Poland
  • 1936 Ioannis Metaxas names himself dictator of Greece
  • 1941 Brooklyn Dodgers catcher Mickey Owens becomes 1st MLB player to take 3 foul pop-ups in one inning (3rd) in 11-6 win v NY Giants

Historic Event

1941 Winston Churchill departs on Prince of Wales to US

  • 1942 1st train with Jews departs Mechelen Belgium to Auschwitz
  • 1942 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives in Cairo, Egypt

Historic Event

1942 Colonel general Jeremenko arrives in Stalingrad and welcomed by Nikita Khrushchev

  • 1942 German occupier orders all Dutch homing pigeons killed
  • 1943 British premier Winston Churchill travels on the Queen Mary to Canada
  • 1943 Soviet units reach suburbs of Orel
  • 1943 USAAF bombs Germans in Troina

Historic Event

1944 Anne Frank arrested in Amsterdam by German Security Police (Grüne Polizei) following a tip-off from an informer who was never identified

  • 1944 British 8th Army reaches suburbs of Florence, Italy

Historic Event

1944 Finnish government passes a special act making Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim President of Finland

Golf Tournament

1945 American golfer Byron Nelson wins Canadian Open at Uplands & Thornhill CC for a record 11th consecutive PGA victory, on way to record season tally of 18

  • 1945 Red Sox outfielder Tom McBride drives in MLB record tying 6 runs in an inning (4th) during 15-4 win v Washington
  • 1946 An earthquake of magnitude 8.0 hits northern Dominican Republic. 100 are killed and 20,000 are left homeless.
  • 1947 American boxer Ike Williams knocks out Bob Montgomery in 6 rounds in Philadelphia to unify the world lightweight title
  • 1947 The Supreme Court of Japan is established
  • 1948 5 day Southern States filibuster succeeds in maintaining America's poll tax
  • 1948 An American sweep of the medals in the 110m hurdles at the London Olympics with William Porter taking gold, ahead of Clyde Scott and Craig Dixon
  • 1948 Fanny Blankers-Koen of the Netherlands wins the 80m hurdles in Olympic record 11.2 at the London Olympics; 2nd of unprecedented 3 individual track & field gold medals
  • 1948 Hungary's Olga Gyarmati wins the first ever Olympic women's long jump competition at the London Games
  • 1948 The women's shot put introduced to track & field program at the London Olympics; inaugural gold medallist Micheline Ostermeyer of France who also won the women's discus gold

Murder of Interest

1952 Gambling boss Theodore Roe is murdered by the crew of Sam Giancana

  • 1953 Black families move into Trumbull Park housing project in Chicago
  • 1953 New York Yankees Vic Raschi sets MLB record for a pitcher by driving in 7 runs in a 15-0 win v Detroit
  • 1954 Boscombe Down 1st flight of supersonic P-1 Lightning
  • 1954 The Government of Pakistan approves the National Anthem, written by Hafeez Jullundhry and composed by Ahmed G. Chagla

Historic Event

1955 Eisenhower authorizes $46 million for construction of CIA headquarters

Music History

1956 Elvis Presley releases "Hound Dog", a cover of Big Mama Thorton's original, written by Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller

  • 1956 German Wilhelm Herz becomes first to ride motorcycle at 200mph (210mph/338kph) at the Bonneville Salt Flats, Utah
  • 1956 Indonesia says it will not pay debts to the Netherlands
  • 1956 Lee Petty dismounts car on lap 32, waves red flag to field because of dusty conditions at NASCAR Grand National at Tulsa, Oklahoma; race halted and never completed

Sports History

1957 Argentine Maserati driver Juan Manuel Fangio clinches his record 5th F1 World Drivers Championship (4th consecutive) in winning the German Grand Prix at the Nürburgring

#1 in the Charts

1958 The Billboard Hot 100 is published for the 1st time, with "Poor Little Fool" by Ricky Nelson at #1

  • 1959 "Billy Barnes Revue" opens at John Golden Theater NYC for 87 performances
  • 1960 Rocket propelled USAF research aircraft sets record at 2,150 MPH
  • 1961 28th NFL Chicago College All-Star Game: Philadelphia 28, All-Stars 14, 66,000 at Soldier Field
  • 1961 Spokane, Washington reaches August record 108°F
  • 1964 Bodies of civil rights workers Michael Schwerner, Andrew Goodman and James E. Chaney discovered in an earthen Mississippi dam
  • 1964 North Vietnam purportedly engage US Navy ships in the Gulf of Tonkin for a second time, resulting in US Congress passing the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, granting authority to assist any Southeast Asian facing "communist aggression"; later investigation deemed the second attack never happened as shipboard communications were misinterpreted
  • 1965 Cook Islands enters into free association with New Zealand
  • 1966 8th British Empire Games & Commonwealth Games open in Kingston, Jamaica; first Games held outside 'White Dominions'
  • 1967 34th NFL Chicago College All-Star Game: Green Bay 27, All-Stars 0 ; 70,934 at Soldier Field
  • 1967 British pirate radio station Radio 355 resigns air

Album Release

1967 Pink Floyd releases their first album "The Piper At The Gates Of Dawn", their only record made under the leadership of Syd Barrett.

  • 1967 Shortwave group ANARC's 1st convention (Chicago)
  • 1967 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1967 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1968 WXTV TV channel 41 in New York-Paterson, NY (UNI) begins broadcasting

Music History

1970 Jim Morrison arrested for public drunkenness in Los Angeles

  • 1971 US launches 1st satellite into lunar orbit from manned spacecraft
  • 1972 Arthur Bremer jailed for 63 years for shooting Alabama Governor Wallace

Historic Event

1972 Uganda dictator Idi Amin orders the expulsion of 50,000 Asians with British passport from Uganda

  • 1973 NY Yankees pitcher Lindy McDaniel puts in one of the best relief stints in MLB history, entering in 2nd inning, allows only 1 run in 13 innings in 3-2 win v Detroit Tigers
  • 1974 Crawford-Butler Act allows Puerto Ricans to elect own governor

Music History

1975 Led Zeppelin singer Robert Plant is seriously hurt in a car crash in Rhodes, Greece

  • 1976 England beats Australia by 8 wickets in the limited overs cricket international at Lord's; first time women are permitted to play on the main square at 'the home of cricket'
  • 1976 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1977 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1977 US President Carter establishes Department of Energy
  • 1979 Italian government of Cossiga begins
  • 1979 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1980 -11] Hurricane Aline, kills 272 in Texas & Caribbean
  • 1980 7-time All Star Maury Wills becomes only the 3rd black manager in MLB history when Darrell Johnson is fired by Seattle Mariners after a 9 game losing streak

Music History

1980 John Lennon and Yoko Ono begin recording "Double Fantasy" in NYC

  • 1981 Columbia mated with SRBs and external tank for STS-2 mission

Historic Event

1981 Oliver North is assigned to White House duty

  • 1982 Outfielder Joel Youngblood becomes only MLB player to get hits for 2 different teams in 2 different cities on the same day; singles for Mets in Chicago day game; traded, then singles for Expos in Philadelphia night game
  • 1983 16th San Diego Comic-Con International opens at Hotel San Diego
  • 1983 Bettino Craxi sworn in as premier of Italy

Historic Publication

1983 Danielle Steel’s romance novel “Thurston House” is published

  • 1983 France performs nuclear test
  • 1983 Revolution in Republic of Upper Volta brings Thomas Sankara to power

Olympic Gold

1984 American athlete Carl Lewis wins the 100m in 9.9 seconds in Los Angeles, first of 9 Olympic gold medals over 3 Games

  • 1984 Americans Al Joyner and Mike Conley take the gold and silver medals in the men's triple jump at the Los Angeles Olympics

#1 in the Charts

1984 Prince's "Purple Rain" album goes #1 & stays #1 for 24 weeks

  • 1984 Republic of Upper Volta becomes Burkina Faso (National Day)
  • 1985 "Dreamgirls" closes at Imperial Theater NYC after 1522 performances

Sports History

1985 Future Hall of Fame infielder Rod Carew of the California Angels singles off Minnesota's Frank Viola to collect his MLB 3,000th career hit; Angels win, 6–5

Hall of Fame

1985 New York Yankees retire Baseball Hall of Fame shortstop Phil Rizzuto's #10

  • 1985 Scott Verplank beats Jim Thorpe in Western Open playoff, first amateur to win a PGA Tour event since Gene Littler 1954

Sports History

1985 Tom Seaver of Chicago White Sox becomes 17th pitcher to win 300 MLB career games, beating New York, 4-1; 54,032 at Yankee Stadium

  • 1986 After winning only token damages in antitrust lawsuit against the NFL, USFL owners vote to suspend operations for 1986 season; folded before 4th season
  • 1986 Reports of probable OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) agreement on output quotas sends oil prices higher
  • 1987 FCC vote 4-0 to rescind fairness doctrine for broadcasters
  • 1988 21st San Diego Comic-Con International opens at Omni Hotel
  • 1988 Congress votes $20,000 to each Japanese-American interned in WW II
  • 1988 Hertz car rental will pay out $23 million in consumer fraud case
  • 1990 95.5°F (35.3°C) in De Bilt Netherlands (highest Aug temperature in Netherlands)
  • 1990 European community proposes a boycott of Iraq
  • 1991 The Greek cruise ship Oceanos sinks off the Wild Coast of South Africa
  • 1992 In its debut at the Barcelona Olympics the badminton singles gold medals are both won by Indonesian athletes, whilst both men's & women's doubles go to South Korea
  • 1992 Italian fencer Giovanna Trillini wraps up gold medals in both women's foil events at the Barcelona Olympics as part of the winning team
  • 1992 The diving competition at the Barcelona Olympics concludes with Chinese athletes dominant, winning 3 of 4 gold medals contested - American Mark Lenzi wins 3m springbaord
  • 1993 Angolan air force bombs Huambo
  • 1993 Rwandian Hutus and Tutsis sign peace treaty in Arusha, Tanzania
  • 1993 Tony Gwynn gets 6 hits in 11-10 win v Giants, 4th time this season the Padre has 5 or more hits; ties MLB record
  • 1994 27th San Diego Comic-Con International opens at Hyatt Regency
  • 1994 Dwingeloo 1, near milky way system, discovered

Film & TV History

1994 Howard Stern drops out of NY gubernatorial race

  • 1994 Truck carrying millions of bees overturns on NY parkway

Sports History

1995 Following a suspension from the league for substance abuse former Mets outfielder Darryl Strawberry joins NY Yankees and eventually helps the Bronx Bombers to win the 1996 World Series

Battle of Interest

1995 Operation Storm begins in Croatia, the Croatian army attacks territory under the Republic of Serbian Krajina in the largest land battle since WWII

Golf Major

1996 Canadian Open Women's Golf (du Maurier Classic), Edmonton CC: Laura Davies wins by 2 from Karrie Webb and Nancy Lopez

Hall of Fame

1996 Jim Bunning, Earl Weaver, Bill Foster and Ned Hanlon inducted into Baseball Hall of Fame, Cooperstown, NY

  • 1996 XXVI Summer Olympic Games close in Atlanta, Georgia
  • 1997 "The Keenan Ivory Wayans Show" premieres on Fox TV
  • 1997 185,000 Teamsters union United Parcel Service drivers walk off the job.
  • 1997 In Colombia, international oil company Occidental Petroleum declare force majeure on all oil exports from the Cano Limon field after a series of attacks knocked out a major oil pipeline

Film & TV History

1997 William Ryan Holt and Michael Mischler are arrested for breaking into Elle MacPherson’s Los Angeles home

Cricket Record

2001 Australian cricket spinner Shane Warne skittles England (162) with 6/33 to guide tourists to a 7 wicket 3rd Test victory at Trent Bridge; Aussies regain Ashes with record 7th straight Test win v England

  • 2002 Soham murders: 10 year old school girls Jessica Chapman and Holly Wells go missing from the town of Soham, Cambridgeshire.

Sports History

2005 American Hall of Fame jockey Pat Day (52) announces his retirement from the saddle; $298m in career purses

Historic Event

2005 Prime Minister Paul Martin announces that Michaëlle Jean will be Canada's 27th and first black Governor General

  • 2006 Dame Silvia Cartwright steps down as the Governor-General of New Zealand and is replaced by The Honourable Anand Satyanand, who is sworn in 23 August

Baseball Record

2007 32-year-old Alex Rodriguez becomes the youngest player in MLB history to hit 500 home runs, connecting on the 1st pitch he sees as NY Yankees beat Kansas City, 16-8

  • 2007 NASA's Phoenix spaceship is launched

Baseball Record

2007 San Francisco slugger Barry Bonds homers off Clay Hensley in 2nd inning of 3-2 loss to San Diego to tie Hank Aaron’s 33 year-old MLB career home run record of 755

Meeting of Interest

2009 Kim Jong-il meets former president Bill Clinton. He pardons and releases captured American journalists Euna Lee and Laura Ling who were found guilty of entering the country illegally.

Film & TV History

2010 California's Proposition 8, the ballot initiative prohibiting same-sex marriage passed by the state's voters in 2008, is overturned by Judge Vaughn Walker in the case Perry v. Schwarzenegger

  • 2010 On 3rd anniversary of his 500th MLB career home run, Alex Rodriguez reaches the 600 HR mark in the NY Yankees 5-1 win v Toronto; 7th and youngest to reach milestone
  • 2011 Mark Duggan is shot by police in London at 29, sparking widespread riots that cost an estimated £200 million worth of property damage
  • 2012 45 people are killed by a suicide bombing in Abyan, Yemen

Olympic Gold

2012 Golden double for US at London Olympic tennis as Serena Williams destroys Maria Sharapova 6-0, 6-1 in women's singles; Bob & Mike Bryan win men’s doubles beating French pair Michael Llodra & Jo-Wilfried Tsonga 6-4 7-6

  • 2012 South African Oscar Pistorius becomes first double-leg amputee to compete at the Olympics; 400m London; out in semi's
  • 2012 Super Rugby Final, Waikato Stadium, Hamilton: Chiefs win their first SR title with a 37-6 thrashing of the Sharks (Durban, RSA) at home

World Record

2012 US takes the 4 x 100m medley relay double at the London Olympics with Michael Phelps collecting his 18th Olympic gold medal; women's team sets world record 3:52.05

  • 2013 British Open Women's Golf, St. Andrews: American Stacy Lewis wins her second major, 2 shots ahead of runners-up Na Yeon Choi and Hee Young Park

Historic Event

2013 Hassan Rouhani is inaugurated as the President of Iran

  • 2014 Hamas and Israel agree to another 72 hour ceasefire
  • 2015 31 people are killed and 100 are injured after floods partially sweep two passenger trains off a bridge in Madhya Pradesh, India
  • 2015 A plague of locusts in Southern Russia prompts a state of emergency to be declared