Historical Events on August 6

  • 258 Pope St Sixtus II beheaded in Rome under persecutions by Roman Emperor Valerian
  • 523 Pope Hormisdas reign as Catholic Pope ends with his death
  • 768 Antipope Constantine II deposed
  • 939 Battle at Simancas - Spain beats Moors

Historic Event

1497 Italian explorer John Cabot returns to Bristol from North America (Newfoundland) - first European to do so since the Vikings

  • 1538 Bogotá, Colombia, is founded by Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada

Historic Event

1600 Henry IV of France invades Savoy after negotiations break down over Saluzzo, controlled by Savoy since 1588

  • 1601 Spanish garrison of Meurs surrender to earl Mauritius
  • 1623 Maffeo Barberini elected Pope Urban VIII
  • 1625 Earl Earnest Casimir appointed as viceroy of Groningen
  • 1661 The Treaty of The Hague is signed whereby the Dutch Republic sells New Holland (Brazil) for 63 tonnes of gold to Portugal
  • 1675 Russian Tsar Alexis bans foreign hair styles to those below the nobility

Historic Expedition

1699 HMS Roebuck, captained by William Dampier, lands at Shark Bay, Western Australia on the first British scientific expedition to Australia

Treaty of Interest

1726 Treaty of Alliance between the Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI and the Russian Empire signed at Vienna

Historic Event

1774 Founder of the Shaker Movement, Mother Ann Lee, arrives in NY

  • 1787 Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia begins debate on the first draft of the Constitution
  • 1806 Holy Roman Empire ends; it was neither holy, Roman, nor an empire. Francis II renounces the title, becoming Emperor of Austria.
  • 1815 US flotilla ends piracy by Algiers, Tunis and Tripoli
  • 1819 Norwich University is founded in Vermont as the first private military school in the United States
  • 1821 1st edition of "Courrier of Pays-Bas" newspaper published in Brussels

Victory in Battle

1824 Battle at Junan - Simon Bolívar's army defeats the Spanish

  • 1825 Bolivia gains independence from Peru (National Day)
  • 1845 The Russian Geographical Society is founded in Saint Petersburg
  • 1856 The Great Bell is cast for the Great Clock of Westminster, London (Big Ben)
  • 1861 Lexington, Kentucky - Union military camp forms in neutral state
  • 1861 The British annex Lagos, Nigeria
  • 1861 US Congress passes First Confiscation Act
  • 1862 Confederate ironclad "Arkansas" is badly damaged in Union attack
  • 1864 Confederate forces evacuate Fort Powell in Mobile Bay, Alabama
  • 1870 Battle at Spicheren: Prussia beats France
  • 1890 At Auburn Prison in New York, murderer William Kemmler becomes the 1st person to be executed by electric chair

Sports History

1890 Future Hall of Fame pitcher Cy Young throws 3-hit ball in his MLB debut for the Cleveland Spiders in 8-1 win vs Chicago Colts

  • 1896 France annexes Madagascar
  • 1901 Kiowa land in Oklahoma is opened for white settlement, effectively dissolving the contiguous reservation
  • 1905 26.7 cm rainfall at Princeton, Indiana (state record)
  • 1908 St Louis Cardinals Johnny Lush pitches 2nd career no-hitter vs Brooklyn Superbas; wins, 2-0 (1st no-hitter 1906)
  • 1909 Alice Ramsey and three friends become the first women to complete a transcontinental auto trip
  • 1910 NYC Mayor Wm J Gaynor seriously wounded during assassination attempt
  • 1914 Denis Patrick Dowd Jr. enlists in the French Foreign Legion, becoming the first American to fight in World War I
  • 1914 WWI: Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia
  • 1914 WWI: French cavalry enters Belgium
  • 1914 WWI: German Zeppelin bombs Liege, 9 killed
  • 1914 WWI: Serbia declares war against Germany
  • 1915 The British land more troops at Suvla Bay on the northern shore of Gallipoli in an effort to break the stalemate on the peninsula during WWI
  • 1917 World War I: Battle of Mărăşeşti between the Romanian and German armies begins
  • 1918 Ferdinand Foch becomes Marshal of France during WWI
  • 1918 World War I: Second Battle of the Marne ends
  • 1919 1st air flight over a major body of water in Australia (Harry Butler)
  • 1919 Romanian forces bring down Hungarian Soviet Republic in Budapest
  • 1921 Clason Point, Bronx to College Point, Queens muni ferry system begins

Historic Event

1923 Gustav Stresemann is named chancellor and foreign minister during riots and strikes in Germany

  • 1923 Henry Sullivan becomes 3rd person and first American to swim English Channel (27 hours 25 minutes Dover-Calais)

Film Release

1926 "Don Juan" starring John Barrymore is released by Warner Bros, the 1st feature-length film to utilize the Vitaphone sound-on-disc sound system with a synchronized musical score and sound effects

  • 1926 American Gertrude Ederle (20) becomes 1st woman to swim English Channel in 14 hours, 39 minutes, a record for male or female
  • 1929 Young Plan, which sought to settle German reparations debts after World War I, is agreed
  • 1930 Remains of balloon expedition of Solamon August Andrées to North Pole in 1897, found at Kvit oya Spitsbergen
  • 1930 Supreme Court Justice John Force Crater disappears in NYC
  • 1932 1st Venice Film Festival opens, the world's oldest film festival
  • 1934 US troops leave Haiti, which had been occupied since 1915
  • 1936 American athlete Forrest Towns runs world record 14.1 in 110m hurdles semi finals at the Berlin Olympics; later can't match the time but wins the gold medal in the final
  • 1936 Jack Lovelock of New Zealand runs a world record (3:47.8) to win the gold medal in the 1,500m at the Berlin Olympics
  • 1936 Japanese athletes quinella the triple jump at the Berlin Olympics; Naoto Tajima wins gold and Masao Harada silver

Historic Event

1937 Franco's artillery fires on Madrid

  • 1937 MLB overturns New York Yankees' 7-6 win over Cleveland Indians because of umpire error
  • 1937 US and USSR sign trade treaty

Radio Premiere

1939 1st broadcast of "Dinah Shore Show" on NBC-radio

  • 1940 Estonia is annexed into Soviet empire
  • 1940 German occupiers in Belgium impose censorship rules on film making and exhibition
  • 1941 Detroit Tigers pitcher Al Benton collects 2 sacrifices in an inning, a MLB record; wins 11-2 vs Cleveland Indians
  • 1942 -8] Riots by Dutch Jews
  • 1942 Canadian destroyer HMCS Assiniboine sinks U-210
  • 1942 Churchill fires Gen Auchinlek as Middle-East commander

Historic Event

1942 Hermann Goering proclaims occupied areas "thoroughly empty to plunder"

  • 1943 US 1st Infantry division occupies node Troina Sicily
  • 1944 All 1,200 Jewish death marchers from Lipcani Moldavia have died
  • 1944 Anti-German attack at Avranches fails

Historic Event

1944 Deportation of 70,000 Jews from Lodz Poland to Auschwitz begins

  • 1944 US 20th Army corp under general Walker occupies Nantes

Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima

1945 Atomic bomb dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima by the US B-29 Superfortress "Enola Gay"

  • 1945 Australian Test cricket all-rounder Keith Miller scores 110 not out for Australian Services on Day 1 of drawn 4th Victory Test against England at Lord's
  • 1946 US officially submits to jurisdiction of World Court
  • 1947 1st performance of Hector Villa-Lobos' "Bachianas Brasilieras No 8"
  • 1948 17 year old American Bob Mathias scores 7,139 points to edge out Ignace Heinrich of France by just 165 in the decathlon at the London Olympics
  • 1948 A Swedish 1-2 in the men's 1,500m at the London Olympics with Henry Eriksson (3:49.8) beating teammate Lennart Strand by 0.6 seconds
  • 1948 Dutch super athlete Fanny Blankers-Koen wins London Olympics 200m in 24.4s to become the first women to claim 3 individual track & field gold at a Games, having already won the 100m and 80m hurdles
  • 1948 Vicki Draves wins her second diving gold medal at the London Olympics beating American teammate Patsy Elsener in the 10m platform
  • 1948 Willem Drees forms Socialist government (KVP/Social Democratics/CHU/Liberal) in the Netherlands
  • 1949 Future Hall of Famer Luke Appling appears in a MLB record 2,154th (en route to 2,218) game at shortstop for the Chicago White Sox
  • 1951 The National Museum of Racing opens in Congress Park at Saratoga Springs, N.Y
  • 1951 Typhoon floods kill 4,800 in Manchuria

Sports History

1952 St. Louis Browns veteran pitcher Satchel Paige, 46, becomes oldest pitcher to win a complete shutout, 1-0 v Detroit Tigers in 12 innings

Sports History

1953 Future Baseball Hall of Fame slugger Ted Williams returns to Red Sox from military service in Korea; ends abbreviated season with .407 batting average

  • 1954 WLAC (now WTVF) TV channel 5 in Nashville (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1956 After going bankrupt in 1955, the American national broadcaster DuMont Television Network makes its final broadcast, a boxing match from St. Nicholas Arena
  • 1958 American athlete Glenn Davis breaks his own world record by 0.3 (49.2) in 400m hurdles in Budapest, Hungary
  • 1958 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island

The Twist Dance Craze

1960 Chubby Checker performs his version of Hank Ballard's "The Twist" on "The Dick Clark Show", starting a worldwide dance craze

  • 1960 The UN Security Council lay down rules which would allow UN forces to enter Congo
  • 1961 1st case of motion sickness in space reported
  • 1961 British auto racer Sterling Moss scores his 16th and final Formula 1 victory in the German Grand Prix at the Nürburgring
  • 1961 Gherman S. Titov is the 2nd Russian in space aboard Vostok 2 (17 orbits)
  • 1962 Jamaica becomes independent after 300 years of British rule
  • 1963 Philadelphia NBA franchise changes name from 'Nationals' to the '76ers', based on US Declaration of Independence in Philadelphia in 1776

Catholic Encyclical

1964 Pope Paul VI publishes encyclical Ecclesiam Suam

  • 1964 Prometheus, the world's oldest tree aged at least 4,862 years old, is accidentally cut down in Nevada, USA
  • 1965 32nd NFL Chicago College All-Star Game: Cleveland 24, All-Stars 16; 68,000 at Soldier Field
  • 1965 Beatles release their 5th UK album - "Help!", from the film soundtrack
  • 1965 Pakistani soldiers crossed the Line of Control into Kashmir

Historic Event

1965 US President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Voting Rights Act prohibiting voting discrimination against minorities

Boxing Title Fight

1966 Muhammad Ali knocks out English boxer Brian London in round 3 at Earl's Court in London to retain his undisputed world heavyweight title

  • 1966 Salazarbrug over Tag opens (longest suspension bridge in Europe)
  • 1966 US citizens demonstrate against war in Vietnam

Baseball Record

1967 Future Baseball Hall of Fame 3rd baseman Brooks Robinson (Baltimore Orioles) hits into MLB record 4th career triple play

  • 1967 Minnesota Twins pitcher Dean Chance throws a perfect no-hitter vs Boston Red Sox, 2-0 in 5 innings before game is called because of weather
  • 1967 Pope Paul VI publishes constitution Pro comperto sane

Music History

1970 "Festival for Peace" concert held at Shea Stadium, NYC to mark 25th anniversary of Hiroshima bombing; performers include Janis Joplin, Paul Simon, Creedence Clearwater Revival, Steppenwolf, Miles Davis, Johnny Winter, Herbie Hancock, Dionne Warwick, John Sebastian, The Rascals, and the Broadway cast of "Hair"

  • 1970 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1970 Italian government of Mariano Rumor resigns
  • 1971 3rd San Diego Comic-Con International opens at Muir College, University of California

Baseball Event

1972 Hank Aaron hits 660th & 661st HRs for the Atlanta Braves, breaking Babe Ruth's MLB record of homers for one team

PGA Championship

1972 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Oakland Hills CC: Gary Player of South Africa wins by 2 shots from Americans Tommy Aaron & Jim Jamieson

Hall of Fame

1973 Roberto Clemente, Warren Spahn, Billy Evans, Monte Irvin, Mickey Welch and George "High Pockets" Kelly are inducted into Baseball Hall of Fame, Cooperstown, NY

Music History

1973 Stevie Wonder involved (as a passenger) in car crash in North Carolina, goes into a 4 day coma

  • 1974 Explosion and fire destroy Great Northern RR yard in Wenatchee, Washington
  • 1976 Zulfikar Ali Bhutto lays the foundation stone of Port Qasim, Karachi
  • 1978 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Oakmont CC: John Mahaffey recovers from 7 down with 14 to play to force playoff; beats Tom Watson & Jerry Pate on 2nd hole
  • 1979 Marcus Hooper, 12, becomes then youngest person to swim English Channel
  • 1980 University adm declares 5 Pac-10 schools ineligible for conference titles and post-season play due to transcript and curriculum abuses
  • 1981 Argentine ex-president Isabel Peron freed
  • 1981 NASA launches US Navy communication system Fltsatcom-5 - fails after being damaged during flight
  • 1982 Curtis Cup Golf, Denver CC: United States beats Great Britain & Ireland 14½-3½
  • 1982 Three ANC members are sentenced to death in South Africa
  • 1982 WQXI (Atlanta) is 1st to use Harris Corp AM stereo system
  • 1983 Bomb planted by Umkhonto we Sizwe, the armed wing of ANC, explodes at a synagogue in Johannesburg, South Africa
  • 1983 First NFL exhibition game in Europe; Minnesota Vikings beat St Louis Cardinals 28-10 at London's Wembley Stadium
  • 1983 Supertanker Castillo de Bellvar catches fire and sinks northwest of Capetown, South Africa
  • 1984 203.05 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange
  • 1984 After Americans Roger Kingdom & Greg Foster both equal the Olympic record in 110m hurdles semi's in Los Angeles, Kingdom beats Foster in the final in a new Games record 13.20 seconds

Olympic Gold

1984 American athlete Carl Lewis wins long jump (8.54m), his second of 4 gold medals at Los Angeles Olympics

  • 1985 19th NASA Space Shuttle Mission (51-G): Challenger 8 lands at Edwards AFB
  • 1985 MLB Players' Association stages a midseason baseball strike (lasts 1 day)
  • 1985 STS 51-I vehicle moves to launch pad
  • 1986 Baltimore's Jim Dwyer & Larry Sheets, and Rangers Toby Harrah hit MLB record 3 grand slams in Texas' 13-11 win
  • 1986 Phil Katz releases PKARC version 1.0, for IBM
  • 1987 20th San Diego Comic-Con International opens at Holiday Inn

Baseball Record

1988 Oakland A's outfielder Jose Canseco becomes 11th MLB player to record 30 HRs & 30 steals in a season

  • 1988 Rich Gossage becomes the second player in MLB history to record 300 career saves as Cubs beat Phillies, 7-4
  • 1988 The Tompkins Square Park Police Riot in New York City spurs reform of the NYPD, who were responsible for the melee that transpired the night of August 6-7
  • 1989 Boston Red Sox retire Baseball Hall of Fame left fielder, 1st baseman Carl Yastrezemski's #8
  • 1989 Jaime Paz Zamora inaugurated as president of Bolivia
  • 1989 Pilot Union tells pilots okay to cross Eastern picket lines

Oh! Calcutta! - The Bare Facts

1989 Revival of musical revue "Oh! Calcutta!" closes at Edison Theater, NYC, after 5959 performances: Broadway’s longest-running musical revue

  • 1989 Twenty former South African political prisoners, in defiance of the restriction orders, launch a campaign against apartheid laws

Hall of Fame

1990 Jim Palmer and Joe Morgan are inducted into Baseball Hall of Fame, Cooperstown, NY

Historic Event

1990 President Ghulam Ishaq Kahn dismisses Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto in Pakistan

  • 1990 UN Security Council votes 13-0 (2 abstensions Cuba and Yemen) to place economic sanctions against Iraq
  • 1991 American softball pitcher Debbie Doom strikes out 17 in her 2nd consecutive perfect game at the Pan American Games in Havana, Cuba; beats Nicaragua, 8-0

Historic Communication

1991 Tim Berners-Lee releases files describing his idea for the World Wide Web. WWW debuts as a publicly available service on the Internet.

  • 1992 The US track team sweeps the medals in the long jump at the Barcelona Olympics as Carl Lewis wins gold (28 feet, 5 1/2 inches), Mike Powell silver and Joe Greene bronze
  • 1992 Wrestler Bruce Baumgartner becomes the first American to win in three straight Olympics, capturing the gold in the 286-pound freestyle division in Barcelona
  • 1993 Japan Hosokawa government begins

Catholic Encyclical

1993 Pope John Paul II publishes encyclical Veritatis splendor

  • 1994 Algerian Muslim fundamentalists threaten school/Universities
  • 1995 Cleveland's major league sports franchises, NFL Browns & MLB Indians, play in Cleveland for 1st time ever; both lose - White Sox 5, Indians 1; Giants 19, Browns 13 (exhibition)

Musical Finale

1995 Revival of Richard Adler and Jerry Ross' musical comedy '"Damn Yankees", starring Jerry Lewis and Bebe Neuwirth, closes at Marquis Theater, NYC, after 510 performances

  • 1995 Thousands gather in Hiroshima for the 50th anniversary of the atomic bombing of the city

Music History

1996 American punk rock band "The Ramones" perform for the last time, at the Palace in Hollywood, California

  • 1996 Korean Air Flight 801 crashes in the United States territory of Guam, killing 228 people
  • 1996 NASA announces that life may have existed on Mars after examining meteorite ALH84001, thought to be from Mars

Historic Event

1996 US President Bill Clinton signs a new bill imposing sanctions on non-US companies which invest over $40 million a year in the energy sectors of Iran or Libya

  • 1997 Microsoft announces it will invest $150 million in Apple Computer Inc
  • 1997 Newly established NHL franchise Nashville Predators name Barry Trotz as inaugural coach; lasts 15 seasons and 1,196 regular season games

World Record

1997 Sri Lanka slams world record 952 for 6 in the 1st cricket Test against India in Colombo; Sanath Jayasuriya 340, Roshan Mahanama 225 - record partnership 576

  • 1999 Tony Gwynn goes 4 for 5 and collects his 3,000th MLB hit as San Diego beats Expos, 12-10 at Montreal Olympic Stadium

Sports History

2001 Two-time champion Marion Jones is disqualified and has her string of 42 consecutive 100m final victories snapped by Zhanna Pintusevich-Block of Ukraine at the World Athletics Championships in Edmonton, Canada

  • 2002 32-year old reliever Robb Nen becomes 16th and youngest closer to record 300 career saves as he protects Giants 11-10 lead v Cubs
  • 2005 10th Athletics World Championships open at Helsinki, Finland
  • 2006 American children's program "Blue's Clues" concludes its 10-year run on Nickelodeon cable channel
  • 2006 British Open Women's Golf, Royal Lytham & St Annes GC: 43 year old American Sherri Steinhauer wins her second major title, 3 strokes ahead of Sophie Gustafson and Cristie Kerr
  • 2006 British Open Women's Golf, Royal Lytham & St. Annes: American Sherri Steinhauer wins second of 2 majors (du Maurier Classic 1992) by 3 from Cristie Kerr & Sophie Gustafson
  • 2006 For a MLB record 11th time in his career, Padres closer Trevor Hoffman records 30 or more saves in a season; beats mark set by Lee Smith, baseball's all-time saves leader

Golf Tournament

2006 Tiger Woods (30) becomes the youngest player to compile 50 PGA Tour wins with a 3 stroke victory over Jim Furyk in the Buick Open at Grand Blanc, Michigan

  • 2008 A military junta led by Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz stages a coup d'etat in Mauritania, overthrowing president Sidi Ould Cheikh Abdallahi
  • 2008 Access 31 TV stops broadcasting in Perth, Western Australia
  • 2011 A helicopter containing members of Navy SEAL 6 is shot down in Afghanistan killing 38
  • 2012 "Cruise" single released by Florida Georgia Line (Billboard Song of the Year 2013)
  • 2012 A large fire erupts at the Chevron oil refinery in Richmond, Ohio, injuring six employees
  • 2012 Mount Tongariro, New Zealand, erupts for the first time in a century
  • 2013 1 person is killed and 4 are injured after a hot air balloon crash in Montbovon, Sweden
  • 2013 18 people are killed and 55 are wounded by a car bomb explosion in Damascus, Syria
  • 2013 25 people are killed and 60 are wounded by a series of car bombs in Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2013 An alleged chemical weapons attack on Damascus, Syria, is claimed by Syrian rebels

Film & TV History

2015 Comedian Jon Stewart hosts "The Daily Show" for the last time

  • 2015 Eqyptian President Abdel Fatah al-Sisi inaugurates the Suez Canal Expansion at a ceremony in Ismaïlia
  • 2015 Republican Presidential nomination race begins with debate between 7 lesser ranked candidates in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 2015 World's largest ever Pinball tournament Pinburgh with 700 machines held in Pittsburgh
  • 2016 Australian women's 4 × 100m freestyle relay team of Emma McKeon, Brittany Elmslie, Bronte Campbell & Cate Campbell sets a new world record 3:30.65 to win gold ahead of US and Canada at the Rio de Janeiro Olympics
  • 2016 Hoàng Xuân Vinh of Vietnam records 202.5 points to win the gold medal in the men's 10m air pistol at the Rio de Janeiro Olympics; Vietnam's first ever gold medal in any Olympic event
  • 2016 Hungarian swimmer Katinka Hosszú sets world record 4:26.36 to win the gold medal in the women's 400m individual medley at the Rio de Janeiro Olympics
  • 2016 Super Rugby Final, Westpac Stadium Wellington: Wellington Hurricanes win their first SR title with a 20-3 win over the Lions from Johannesburg