Historical Events on August 7

  • 322 BC Battle of Crannon between Athens and Macedon following the death of Alexander the Great
  • 626 Battle at Constantinople: Slavic/Persians/Avarenvloot defeated
  • 768 Stephen III [IV] begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 936 Otto I the Great crowned King of Germany (East Francia)
  • 1409 Council of Pisa closes

Florence Cathedral

1420 Construction begins on the dome of Florence Cathedral, designed by Renaissance architect Filippo Brunelleschi

  • 1428 Valais witch trial proceedings begin in Valais Canton, Switzerland, first organized witch trials
  • 1461 Ming Dynasty Chinese military general Cao Qin stages a coup against the Tianshun Emperor

Battle of Interest

1479 Battle of Guinegate: Emperor Maximilian I vs King Louis XI

  • 1485 Henry Tudor's (Henry VII to be) army lands in Milford Haven, South Wales

Historic Event

1573 Francis Drake's fleet returns to Plymouth after a year spent raiding for Spanish treasure

  • 1575 Spanish troops conquer Oudewater, almost all inhabitants died

Historic Event

1606 Possible first performance of Shakespeare's tragedy Macbeth, performed in the Great Hall at Hampton Court Palace for King James I

Historic Event

1620 Astronomer Johannes Kepler's mother arrested for witchcraft

Victory in Battle

1620 Battle at Ponts-the-Ce, Poitou: French king Louis XIII defeats his mother Marie de Medici

  • 1710 Sidney, 1st Earl of Godolphin resigns as English minister of Finance
  • 1714 The Battle of Gangut: the first important victory of the Russian Navy during the Great Northern War against Sweden
  • 1750 Slave uprising on Curacao
  • 1760 Ft Loudon, Tennessee surrenders to Cherokee Indians

Historic Event

1782 George Washington creates the Purple Heart medal (original name Badge of Military Merit) as commander of the Continental Army

  • 1789 US Congress creates the Department of War and the United States Lighthouse Establishment

Historic Event

1802 Napoleon orders re-instatement of slavery on St Domingue (Haiti)

Historic Event

1814 Pope Pius VII reinstates the Society of Jesus (Jesuits)

  • 1819 Battle of Boyacá; Bolívar defeats Spanish in Colombia
  • 1820 1st potatoes planted in Hawaii
  • 1864 Battle of Moorefield, West Virginia
  • 1879 The opening of the Poor Man's Palace in Manchester.
  • 1882 Hatfields of south West Virginia and McCoys of east Kentucky feud, 100 wounded or die
  • 1884 Germany annexes Angra Pequena / German South West-Africa (modern Namibia)
  • 1885 Five German warships anchor off Zanzibar
  • 1888 Theophilus Van Kannel of Philadelphia patents revolving door
  • 1893 53rd Congress (1893-95) convenes
  • 1900 Diamond workers in Amsterdam strike
  • 1903 Tommy Corcoran sets MLB record for shortstops when he records 14 assists in Cincinnati's 4 - 2 win v St. Louis Cardinals
  • 1904 Train derails on bridge in Eden, Colorado, during a flash flood, kills 96

Sports History

1907 MLB Washington Senators legendary pitcher Walter Johnson wins first of his 416 career wins, 7-2 v Cleveland

  • 1908 The first train to travel the length of New Zealand's North Island 'main trunk line', leaves Wellington

Presidential Convention

1912 Progressive (Bull Moose) Party nominates Theodore Roosevelt for US President

  • 1914 Engagement between British cruiser HMS Gloucester and German cruisers SMS Breslau and SMS Goeben off Greece
  • 1914 French government awards King Albert of Belgium the Great Cross
  • 1914 French troops under Gen Bonneau occupy Altkitrch at Elzas
  • 1914 German army occupies city of Liege, Belgium
  • 1914 Russia invades East Prussia
  • 1915 Dario Resta, driving a Peugeot, wins the first Champ Car race ever to average over 100mph at a 100-mile race in Chicago; average speed 101.8mph
  • 1915 WWI: Assault against Russell's Top at Gallipolis, Turkey - 232 Australians are killed
  • 1921 Dutch cyclist Piet Moeskops wins the 1st of 4 straight, and 5 total world sprint championships when he beats defending champion Bob Spears of Australia in Copenhagen
  • 1925 League of Nation advises against Turk/Iraqi division of Mosoelgebied
  • 1927 Peace Bridge between US and Canada dedicated
  • 1927 US rum smuggler Horace Alderman kills 3
  • 1929 Charles Ruijs de Beerenbrouck forms Dutch government

Baseball Record

1929 New York Yankees slugger Babe Ruth ties MLB record by hitting grand slams in consecutive games for the second time in 13-1 win v Philadelphia A's

  • 1930 A large mob estimated at 2,000, lynch two young black men Thomas Shipp and Abram Smith in Marion, Indiana

Election of Interest

1930 Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King loses the election to Richard Bedford Bennett of the Conservative Party

  • 1933 The Iraqi Government slaughters over 3,000 Assyrians in the village of Sumail. The day becomes known as Assyrian Martyrs Day.

Historic Event

1934 US Court of Appeals upheld lower court ruling striking down government's attempt to ban controversial James Joyce novel "Ulysses"

  • 1935 60% of voters agrees to Nazism in Danzig (Gdańsk)
  • 1936 A Finnish quinella in the 5,000m final at the Berlin Olympics; Gunnar Höckert runs an Olympic record to beat teammate Lauri Lehtinen
  • 1936 Argentina wins the polo gold medal beating Great Britain 11-0 in the final at the Berlin Olympics; final time the sport is contested at the Olympics
  • 1936 Twenty-two nations line-up as the first basketball competition in the Olympics Games starts in Berlin; Estonia beats France 34-29 in the first game

Baseball Record

1938 2,000th Brooklyn Dodgers home run: legendary shortstop Leo Durocher homers off Reds hurler Peaches Davis in 8th inning of a 6-3 win

  • 1938 Nazis close theologic department of Innsbruck university

Historic Event

1939 Millionaire Howard Hughes is presented with a Congressional Gold Medal

  • 1940 Alsace Lorraine is annexed by the Third Reich (Germany) during World War II
  • 1940 Churchill recognizes De Gaulle's French government in exile
  • 1940 Largest amount paid for a stamp ($45,000 for 1 1856 British Guiana)
  • 1941 551 Jews are shot in Kishnev ghetto in Romania
  • 1942 1st American offensive in Pacific in WW2, Guadalcanal, Solomon Island
  • 1942 Dutch resistance bombs Rotterdam railway
  • 1942 Transport 16 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1943 Red Army recaptures Bogodukov
  • 1944 Anton de Kom arrested by Surinam resistance fighter
  • 1944 Canada/Polish offensive direction Falaise: Total Cooperation
  • 1944 German counter attack at Avranches fails
  • 1944 IBM dedicates the first program-controlled calculator, the Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator (known best as the Harvard Mark I)
  • 1944 July 20th Plot trial under Roland Freis in Berlin begins
  • 1944 US 3rd Army reaches suburbs of Brest, Brittany

Historic Event

1946 1st US commemorative coin of an African American, Booker T. Washington (half dollar)

  • 1947 The Bombay Municipal Corporation formally takes over the Bombay Electric Supply and Transport (BEST)

Historic Event

1947 Thor Heyerdahl and the crew of the Kon-Tiki crash into a reef in the Tuamotu Islands, French Polynesia after 101 days crossing the Pacific Ocean

  • 1948 1st Dutch government of Beel resigns
  • 1948 American Alice Coachman becomes the first black woman from any country to win an Olympic gold medal when she takes out the high jump at the London Games
  • 1948 American swimmer Jimmy McLane wins the 1,500m for his 2nd gold medal at the London Olympics (4 x 200m freestyle relay); marks a US clean sweep of every men's swimming gold medal at the Games
  • 1948 Delfo Cabrera of Argentina wins dramatic marathon in 2:34:51.6 at the London Olympics
  • 1948 Fanny Blankers-Koen of the Netherlands wins her 4th track & field gold medal of the London Olympics as part of the Dutch 4 x 100m relay team in 47.5
  • 1948 Swedish race walker John Mikaelsson wins the gold medal in the 10k event by 30.6 seconds from teammate Ingemar Johansson at the London Olympics
  • 1949 "All After Love" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 121 performances
  • 1950 Police bar white players-Lou Chirban, Stan Mierko and Frank Dyle, from playing in Negro League
  • 1950 Tour de France: Ferdi Kübler becomes first Swiss rider to win Tour; Louison Bobet of France wins mountain classification
  • 1951 Douglas D-558-II Skyrocket reaches 1,992 kph
  • 1951 US Viking rocket reaches 210 km height (record)
  • 1953 Eastern Airlines enters jet age, uses Electra prop-jet
  • 1954 "Golden Apple" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 125 performances
  • 1954 Charles Mahoney becomes 1st US black to serve as a full UN delegate

Sports History

1954 Englishman Roger Bannister beats Australia’s John Landy in the mile at the Empire Games in Vancouver; first time 2 men run sub-4 minute mile in the same race

  • 1955 Bar-Ilan University founded in Israel
  • 1955 KSTF TV channel 10 in Scottsbluff-Gering, NB (CBS/NBC) begins
  • 1955 Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering, the precursor to Sony, begins selling its first transistor radios in Japan

Sports History

1956 51-year-old Satchel Paige (Miami Marlins) wins a game before the largest crowd in minor league history, 57,000 at Miami’s Orange Bowl; International League: Marlins 6-2 v Columbus Jets

Sports History

1956 Boston Red Sox fine slugger Ted Williams $5,000 for spitting at heckling Boston fans, third incident in 3 weeks

  • 1956 British government sends 3 aircraft carriers to Egypt
  • 1956 Dynamite transport explodes in Colombia; about 1200 die
  • 1957 Congress passes the Civil Rights Act of 1957
  • 1957 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1959 Explorer 6 transmits 1st TV photo of Earth from space

Golf Tournament

1960 Arnold Palmer's 20th PGA Tour win; rallies from a 5-stroke deficit to enter a playoff, then beats Jack Fleck and Bill Collins to win the Insurance City Open

  • 1960 Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) gains independence from France
  • 1960 Students stage kneel-in demonstrations in Atlanta churches
  • 1961 Cosmonaut Gherman Titov circles Earth for a full day in Vostok 2

Historic Event

1961 Soviet premier Khrushchev predicts USSR economy will surpass US

  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Historic Event

1963 Jacqueline Kennedy becomes 1st US First Lady to give birth (Patrick Kennedy) since Mrs Cleveland

  • 1964 31st NFL Chicago College All-Star Game: Chicago 28, All-Stars 17 - 65,000 at Soldier Field
  • 1964 Turkey begins air attack on Greek Cypriots

Historic Event

1964 US Congress approves Gulf of Tonkin resolution granting US President Lyndon Johnson authority to assist any Southeast Asian facing "communist aggression"; he uses it to openly bring US into Vietnam conflict

Agreement of Interest

1965 Lee Kuan Yew, Prime Minister of Singapore signs a separation agreement with Malaysia, after 2 years of political union

  • 1966 Race riot in Lansing Michigan

Music History

1970 British keyboard playing singer-songwriter Christine McVie (née Perfect) joins rock band Fleetwood Mac

  • 1970 First all-computer chess championship is conducted in New York and won by CHESS 3.0 (CDC 6400), a program written by Slate, Atkin & Gorlen at Northwestern University
  • 1970 Shootout at Marin Courthouse in San Rafael, California, kills 4, including the presiding judge
  • 1970 WDHN TV channel 18 in Dothan, AL (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1971 A Catholic man is shot dead by a British soldier in Belfast
  • 1971 Apollo 15 returns to Earth

Hall of Fame

1972 Yogi Berra, Sandy Koufax, Lefty Gomez, Early Wynn, Josh Gibson, Will Harridge, Buck Leonard & Ross Youngs are inducted into Baseball Hall of Fame

  • 1974 Philippe Petit walks tightrope strung between twin towers
  • 1976 Scientists in Pasadena, California, announce Viking I found strongest indications to date of possible life on Mars
  • 1976 US Viking 2 goes into Martian orbit after 11-month flight from Earth
  • 1977 Gary Geld and Peter Udell'c musical "Shenandoah", based on the film of the same name, closes at Alvin Theater, NYC after 1,050 performances and 2 Tony Awards
  • 1977 Mount Usu volcano in Hokkaido, Japan erupts for the first time in over 30 years
  • 1978 Eddie Mathews, Addie Joss and Larry MacPhail are inducted into Baseball Hall of Fame, Cooperstown, NY

Historic Event

1978 Thousands of mourners file past body of Pope Paul VI

Music Recording

1980 John Lennon and Yoko Ono begin recording sessions for their "Double Fantasy" album at the Hit Factory, NYC

  • 1981 "The Washington Star" ceases all operations after 128 years of publication
  • 1983 "Merlin" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 199 performances
  • 1983 1st Athletics World Championships open in Helsinki, Finland

Sports History

1983 Grete Waitz of Norway wins inaugural women's marathon at the 1st world athletics championships in Helsinki, Finland

PGA Championship

1983 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Riviera CC: Hal Sutton wins his only major title by 1 stroke from Jack Nicklaus

  • 1983 Some 675,000 AT&T employees strike
  • 1984 David Rabe's "Hurlyburly" premieres in NYC
  • 1984 Harmonica Frank [Floyd], American blues singer, guitarist and harmonica player dies of lung cancer and diabetes complications at 75
  • 1984 Japan beats US, 6-3 in the final of the Los Angeles Olympic baseball demonstration event
  • 1984 The US collects its first Olympic gold medal in women's basketball history with a 85-55 win over South Korea in the final at the LA Games

Meeting of Interest

1985 A delegation of the South African Council of Churches meets with President P. W. Botha, following calls by the church for urgent discussions on the causes of unrest, forced removals and the emergency regulations in the country

  • 1985 Takao Doi, Mamoru Mohri and Chiaki Mukai are chosen to be Japan's first astronauts
  • 1986 "Honky Tonk Nights" opens at Biltmore Theater NYC for 4 performances
  • 1986 Daniel Buettner, Bret Anderson, Martin Engel and Anne Knabe begin cycling journey of 15,266 miles from Prudhoe Bay Alaska to Argentina
  • 1987 5 Central American presidents sign peace accord in Guatemala
  • 1987 Javed Miandad becomes first to score 6,000 Test runs for Pakistan as he cracks 260 in drawn 5th Test v England at The Oval
  • 1987 Lynne Cox becomes the 1st woman to swim from the US to the Soviet Union, 4.3 km across the Bering Sea in water temperature averaging 43 to 44 °F (6 to 7 °C)
  • 1988 Angola, Cuba and South Africa allegedly signed a cease fire treaty
  • 1988 Future Hall of Fame jockey Eddie Delahoussaye wins his 4,000th career race aboard 2-year-old filly Fawn and Hahn in the 4th race at Del Mar
  • 1988 Rioting in New York City's Tompkins Square Park.
  • 1988 Writers guild ends its 6 months strike
  • 1989 U.S. Congressman Mickey Leland (D-TX) and 15 others die in a plane crash in Ethiopia

Operation Desert Shield

1990 US deploys troops to Saudi Arabia beginning Operation Desert Shield

World Record

1991 American team of Carl Lewis, Mike Marsh, Leroy Burrell & Dennis Mitchell set 4 x 100m relay world record of 37.67 seconds in Zürich, Switzerland

Historic Event

1991 Courts rules Manuel Noriega, may access some secret US documents

  • 1991 Manhattan Cable final day of amnesty to return illegal cable boxes
  • 1992 San Francisco Giants announce sale of MLB franchise to group of Tampa Bay investors; move blocked by other investors
  • 1992 Taking advantage of 6 months training on home town Terrassa pitch, Spain wins their first hockey gold medal beating Germany 2-1 in the women's final at the Barcelona Olympics

Sports History

1992 The Orlando Magic signs NBA No. 1 draft pick Shaquille O'Neal

  • 1993 "Camelot" closes at Gershwin Theater NYC after 56 performances
  • 1993 Tropical storm Brett ravages Venezuela, 118 killed
  • 1994 "Hedda Gabler" closes at Criterion Theater NYC after 33 performances
  • 1994 1st telephone link between Israel & Jordan
  • 1994 Ernesto Samper sworn in as president of Colombia

Music Concert

1997 Garth Brooks performs a free concert in NYC's Central Park for HBO, later releasing it as Garth: Live from Central Park

  • 1997 STS 85 (Discovery 23) launches into orbit
  • 1997 Ung Huot appointed Cambodia's 1st premier

Baseball Record

1999 Tampa Bay 3rd baseman Wade Boggs becomes the first MLB player to hit a home run for his 3,000th hit in Devil Rays' 15-10 loss to Cleveland Indians

Sports History

2000 Los Angeles Lakers announce retirement of former star player and Executive Vice President of Basketball Operations Jerry West; name Mitch Kupchak to succeed him

Sports History

2004 Cubs pitcher Greg Maddux enters the history books with his 300th career win in the Chicago's 8-4 triumph v San Francisco at SBC Park

Sports History

2005 American sprinter Justin Gatlin blitzes field to win 100m in 9.88 at the World Athletics Championships in Helsinki, Finland

  • 2005 In one of cricket history's closest Tests, and despite a brave unbeaten 43 from Australian tail-ender Brett Lee, England sneaks a 2-run win in series turning 2nd Test at Edgbaston

Historic Publication

2007 "Eclipse" 3rd book in Stephenie Meyer's "Twilight Saga" is published by Little Brown - initial print run 1 million copies

Baseball Record

2007 San Francisco Giants slugger Barry Bonds hits his 756th career home run to break Hank Aaron's long-standing MLB record

  • 2008 Beginning of the Russo-Georgian War: Georgia moves troops into self-proclaimed republics of South Ossetia and Tskhinva who are supported by Russia. First European war of the 21st century.

Music Single

2009 “Tik Tok” single released by Kesha (Billboard Song of the Year 2010)

  • 2010 Hampered by a back injury Indian cricket batsman VVS Laxman scores a brave, unbeaten 103 to guide India to a 5 wicket win v Sri Lanka in Colombo; draw series

Hall of Fame

2010 Jerry Rice, Emmitt Smith, John Randle, Russ Grimm, Rickey Jackson, Floyd Little & Dick LeBeau are inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame

  • 2012 200,000 people are evacuated from Shanghai in anticipation of Typhoon Haikui
  • 2012 21 people are killed by a gun attack in a church in Okene, Nigeria
  • 2012 Heavy rain forces 20,000 people to flee their homes in Manila, Philippines
  • 2013 11 people are killed by a bombing in Karachi, Pakistan

Film & TV History

2015 US Presidential candidate Donald Trump says in a CNN interview that news anchor Megyn Kelly had “blood coming out of her eyes, blood coming out of her wherever”

World Record

2016 American swimmer Katie Ledecky sets a new world record with a time of 3:56.46 to win the gold medal in the women's 400m freestyle at the Rio de Janeiro Olympics

World Record

2016 British swimmer Adam Peaty records a world record 57.13 to win the gold medal in the men's 100m breaststroke at the Rio de Janeiro Olympics

  • 2016 Jim Furyk fires 12-under-par 58 in final round of the Travelers Championship at TPC at River Highlands, Cromwell, Connecticut, becoming 1st player to shoot 58 in a PGA Tour event and 1st PGA Tour pro to card 2 sub-60 rounds

Sports History

2016 Miami Marlins veteran Japanese outfielder Ichiro Suzuki becomes the 30th member of the 3,000 hit club in a 10 - 7 win v Rockies

  • 2016 Sarah Sjöström of Sweden breaks world record in 55.48 to win the gold medal in the women's 100m butterfly at the Rio de Janeiro Olympics

Olympic Gold

2016 United States men's 4 × 100m freestyle relay team wins the final in 3:09.92 at the Rio de Janeiro Olympics; Michael Phelps' record 19th Olympic gold medal

  • 2017 England breaks 19-year drought in home Test cricket series against South Africa; beat Proteas by 177 in 4th Test at Old Trafford; Moeen Ali 75no and 5/69

Film Premiere

2018 "Crazy Rich Asians" first Hollywood film with all-Asian cast, starring Constance Wu, Henry Golding and Michelle Yeoh premieres in Los Angeles

  • 2018 Australia's population hits 25 million according to Australian Bureau of Statistics

Film & TV History

2018 China bans release of Winnie the Pooh movie "Christopher Robin", after character used to mock Chinese President Xi Jinping

  • 2018 CW network announces Ruby Rose cast as lesbian superhero Batwoman
  • 2018 Mendocino Fire becomes the largest recorded fire in California's history at 290,600 acres, overtaking 2017 Thomas Fire
  • 2018 Swedish furniture brand Ikea opens its first store in India in Hyderabad
  • 2019 Bodies of two teenagers at center of huge manhunt and suspected of killing three people on remote British Columbia roads found after apparent suicides
  • 2019 Largest single-state immigration raid in Mississippi as nearly 700 people arrested