Historical Events on August 9

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

48 BC Caesar's civil war: Battle of Pharsalus - Julius Caesar decisively defeats Pompey at Pharsalus and Pompey flees to Egypt.

Roman Military Commander and Political Statesman Julius Caesar
Roman Military Commander and Political Statesman
Julius Caesar
  • 378 Battle of Adrianople: Goth army defeats Roman forces under Emperor Valens
  • 681 Bulgaria is founded as a Khanate on the south bank of the Danube, after defeating the Byzantine armies of Emperor Constantine IV south of the Danube delta.
  • 1173 Construction of the Tower of Pisa begins, and it takes two centuries to complete.
  • 1253 Clare of Assisi's rules confirmed by Pope Innocent IV for Clare's Order of Poor Ladies
  • 1329 Quilon the first Indian Diocese was erected by Pope John XXII and Jordanus was appointed the first Bishop
  • 1378 Cardinals declare pope Urbanus VI lawless (anti christian/devil)
  • 1483 Opening of the Sistine Chapel in the Vatican
  • 1559 Willem of Orange becomes viceroy of Holland/Zealand/Utrecht
  • 1596 Henry van Cuyk becomes bishop of Roermond
  • 1638 Jonas Bronck of Holland becomes 1st European settler in Bronx

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1655 Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell divides England into 11 districts

English Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell
English Military and Political Leader
Oliver Cromwell
  • 1666 Rear Admiral Robert Holmes leads a raid on the Dutch island of Terschelling, destroying 150 merchant ships in the Vlie estuary, and pillaging the town of West-Terschelling, an act later known as "Holmes's Bonfire".
  • 1673 Dutch under Admiral Cornelis Evertsen de Jonge recapture NY from English; regained by English in 1674
  • 1726 Netherlands signs Covenant of Hannover
  • 1757 English Fort William Henry, NY, surrenders to French & Indians troops

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1778 Captain James Cook reaches Cape Prince of Wales, Bering Straits

Explorer James Cook
Explorer
James Cook
  • 1790 Robert Gray's Columbia Rediviva returns to Boston after 3 year journey, 1st American ship to circumnavigate the Globe
  • 1803 1st horses arrive in Hawaii

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1803 Robert Fulton tests his steam paddle-boat on the River Seine, France, but it sinks

Commercial Steamboat Inventor Robert Fulton
Commercial Steamboat Inventor
Robert Fulton

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1810 Napoleon annexes Westphalia as part of the First French Empire.

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1815 Napoleon Bonaparte sets sail for exile on St Helena on board British ship the Northumberland
  • 1829 "Stourbridge Lion" locomotive goes into service
  • 1830 Louis-Philippe formally accepts crown of France, following abdication of Charles X
  • 1831 1st US steam engine train run (Albany to Schenectady, NY)
  • 1841 Erie boat in Buffalo NY catches fire; 242 die
  • 1842 US-Canada border defined by Webster-Ashburton Treaty
  • 1848 Austria & Sardinia sign cease fire

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1848 US Barnburners (anti-slavery) party merges with Free Soil Party nominating Martin Van Buren for president

8th US President Martin Van Buren
8th US President
Martin Van Buren
  • 1849 Hungarian Republic crushed by Austria & Russia

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1854 Henry David Thoreau publishes "Walden"

Naturalist/Pacifist Henry David Thoreau
Naturalist/Pacifist
Henry David Thoreau
  • 1855 Battle of Acapulco during Mexican Liberal uprising
  • 1859 Otis Tuft patents the first passenger elevator in the US
  • 1862 Battle of Cedar Mountain [Slaughter's Mountain], fought in Culpeper County, Virginia, Confederate victory (US Civil War)
  • 1862 Berlioz' opera "Beatrice et Benedict" premieres in Baden-Baden
  • 1863 Skirmish at Calfkiller Creek, Tennessee - Union troops attack Confederate scouts
  • 1864 Battle of Ft Morgan AL

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1877 Henry Morton Stanley's party reaches Boma, Congo, after 999 days, losing half of the 228 members.

Journalist and Explorer Henry Morton Stanley
Journalist and Explorer
Henry Morton Stanley
  • 1890 First 44 Javans arrive in Suriname to work 5 years on sugar plantations
  • 1893 1st US bowling magazine, Gut Holz, published in New York

InventionHistoric Invention

1898 Rudolf Diesel of Germany obtains patent #608,845 for his internal combustion engine, later known as the diesel engine

Mechanical Engineer Rudolf Diesel
Mechanical Engineer
Rudolf Diesel

  • 1901 34-35°N/98-99°W open for US colonization
  • 1902 Edward VII of Great Britain crowned having succeeded his mother Victoria
  • 1904 Libanus McLouth Todd of Rochester, New York patents his check-writing machine, the Protectograph designed to protect against check forgers

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1905 Mistaking her husband for a burglar, Ty Cobb's mother kills him

MLB Legend Ty Cobb
MLB Legend
Ty Cobb
  • 1907 1st Boy Scout camp concludes at Brownsea Island in Poole Harbour, Southern England
  • 1908 Tour de France: French road cyclist Lucien Petit-Breton successfully defends his title beating François Faber of Luxembourg
  • 1910 Alva Fisher patents electric washing machine
  • 1914 German U-15 was sunk by the British cruiser, H.M.S. Birmingham
  • 1915 British attack at Chanak Bair at Gallipoli during WWI

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1915 British naval officer David Beatty is confirmed in the rank of vice-admiral

British Admiral of the Fleet David Beatty
British Admiral of the Fleet
David Beatty
  • 1917 Canadian Parliament passes the Compulsory Military Act which is oppossed by many French-Canadians from Québec
  • 1918 Reds manager Christy Mathewson suspects Hal Chase of taking bribes to fix games, and suspends him "for indifferent play"
  • 1920 Bulgarian & allied Peace of Neuilly-sur-Seine goes into effect
  • 1923 NY State Golf Association formed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1925 Only time Babe Ruth pinch-hit for, Bobby Veach flies out

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • 1930 113°F (45°C) at Perryville, Tennessee (state record)
  • 1930 Betty Boop debuts in Max Fleischer's animated cartoon Dizzy Dishes
  • 1930 Percy Williams runs world record 100m (10.3 sec)

Sports record brokenWorld Record

1936 Jesse Owens is part of the American 4 x 100m relay team that wins gold in world record (39.8) at the Berlin Olympics; his 4th gold medal of the Games

Track and Field Athlete Jesse Owens
Track and Field Athlete
Jesse Owens
  • 1936 Korean nationals representing Japan earn medals in the marathon at the Berlin Olympics; Sohn Kee-chung won gold and Nam Sung-yong bronze
  • 1936 Helen Stephens claims the women's sprint double at the Berlin Olympics having won the 100m and as part of the victorious American 4 x 100m relay team
  • 1936 Hungarian swimmer Ferenc Csik wins 100m freestyle gold medal in 57.6 at the Berlin Olympics, beating Japanese pair Masanori Yusa & Shigeo Arai
  • 1937 Ranger (US) easily beats Endeavour II (England) in race 4 to wrap up the 17th America's Cup yachting series, 4-0; it's the final competition for 21 years

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Winston Churchill reaches Newfoundland for talks with FDR

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Dmitri Shostakovich's 7th Symphony, dedicated to city of Leningrad is performed in Leningrad during seige by Nazi forces. Performed by starving musicians and broadcast to German forces by loudspeaker.

  • 1942 Vice-Adm Mikawa lands at Guadalcanal, Solomon Island

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Mahatma Gandhi & 50 others arrested in Bombay after passing of a "quit India" campaign by the All-India Congress

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1942 CBS radio broadcasts the debut of "Our Secret Weapon."
  • 1943 Bertolt Brecht's play "Life of Galileo" premieres in Zurich
  • 1944 12 workers of Dutch illegal paper "Trouw" executed at Camp Vught
  • 1944 Smokey Bear debuts as spokeman for fire prevention
  • 1944 US 79th/90th division enter Le Mans

JapanNuclear Bombing of Nagasaki

1945 US drops 2nd atomic bomb "Fat Man" on Japan destroys part of Nagasaki
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  • 1946 1st time all major-league baseball games (8) are played at night
  • 1948 Italian rider Mario Ghella beats Reg Harris of Great Britain for the gold medal in the cycling sprint final at the London Olympics
  • 1948 The US crew blitzes the field to win the rowing eights gold medal at the London Olympics; beat silver medallists Great Britain by 10.2 seconds
  • 1950 Lusty Song wins Hambletonian
  • 1951 Dutch Korea volunteers win US Collective Unit Citation
  • 1952 General strike against overtime conscription in Belgium
  • 1953 Premier Mohammed Abdullah of Kashmir fired
  • 1956 1st state-wide state-supported educational TV network, Alabama
  • 1956 South African women demonstrate against pass laws
  • 1957 24th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: NY Giants 22, All-Stars 12 (75,000)
  • 1960 Race riot in Jacksonville, Florida
  • 1961 James Benton Parsons is 1st African American to be nominated to a US Federal District Court
  • 1963 Britains rock TV show, Ready Steady Go, premieres
  • 1963 NY Met Roger Craig's NL record-tying 18-game losing streak ends
  • 1964 1st Rolling Stones concert in Netherlands
  • 1964 Bunning continues pitching perfectly to NY Mets until 2 outs in 5th, when Joe Christopher beats out a bunt. He totals 15 innings
  • 1965 Fire in Titan II silo in Searcy Arkansas, 53 die
  • 1966 The Beatles release their "Yellow Submarine" single and its album "Revolver" in the US
  • 1967 Biafran offensive against Nigerian army
  • 1967 KYAY TV channel 39 in West Monroe, LA (IND) begins broadcasting
  • 1968 Yugoslav president Tito visits Prague
  • 1969 "Zorba" closes at Imperial Theater NYC after 305 performances
  • 1969 Manson family commits Tate-LaBianca murders
  • 1970 Peruvian Airlines jet carrying 45 US exchange students explodes
  • 1971 Satchel Paige inducted into baseball's Hall of Fame
  • 1971 Operation Demetrius (or Internment) is introduced in Northern Ireland allowing suspected terrorists to be indefinitely detained without trial; the security forces arrested 342 people suspected of supporting paramilitaries
  • 1972 There is widespread and severe rioting in Nationalist areas of Northern Ireland on the anniversary of the introduction of Internment

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1973 Guitarist Henry McCullough and drummer Denny Seiwell quit the Wings group founded by Paul McCartney

Musician and Beatle Paul McCartney
Musician and Beatle
Paul McCartney
  • 1973 USSR launches Mars 7

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1974 Richard Nixon resigns as US President and VP Gerald Ford swears the oath of office to take his place as the 38th US President

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
38th US President Gerald Ford
38th US President
Gerald Ford
  • 1975 1st NFL game in Louisiana Superdome, Houston beats Saints 13-7
  • 1975 Dodger Davey Lopes steals record 32nd consecutive base without being caught
  • 1976 Clive Lloyd scores double-ton in 120 mins, WI v Glamorgan
  • 1976 Pitt Pirate John Candelaria no-hits LA Dodgers, 2-0
  • 1976 USSR launches Luna 24, last Lunar flight to date from Earth
  • 1977 Chris Old completes a century in 37 mins, Yorks v Warwicks

  • 1977 NHL refuses merger of 6 WHA clubs
  • 1977 Military-controlled Government of Uruguay announces the return to civilian rule through general elections in 1981 to democratically elect a President and Congress
  • 1978 USSR performs (underground) nuclear test
  • 1978 Yanks score 5 in bottom of 9th beat Brewers 8-7
  • 1979 English seaside resort Brighton gets 1st British nude beach
  • 1980 Belgian constitution revised
  • 1981 52nd All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 5-4 at Municipal Stadium, Cleve
  • 1981 Six English lifeguards set relay swim record English Channel (7:17)

Sport awardGolf Major

1981 PGA Championship, Atlanta Athletic Club: Larry Nelson wins by 4 strokes from Fuzzy Zoeller

Golfer and Three-Time Major Championship Winner Larry Nelson
Golfer and Three-Time Major Championship Winner
Larry Nelson
  • 1981 All star MVP: Gary Carter (Mont Expos)
  • 1981 NL beats AL 5-4 in 52nd All Star Game (Cleveland Stadium)
  • 1984 Daley Thompson of Great Britain scores 8,797 points to win the Olympic decathlon in Los Angeles; later recognised as a world record
  • 1984 STS 41-D vehicle again moves out to launch pad
  • 1984 Valerie Briscoe-Hooks beats fellow American Florence Griffith to win the 200m gold at the LA Olympics; completes the 200-400m double
  • 1986 "Honky Tonk Nights" closes at Biltmore Theater NYC after 4 performances
  • 1987 "Les Miserables" opens at Cameri Theatre, Tel Aviv
  • 1987 PGA Championship, PGA National Palm Beach: Larry Nelson wins 2nd PGA C'ship in a playoff with fellow American Lanny Wadkins
  • 1987 LA Rams beat Dallas Cowboys 28-27 in London, England (NFL expo)
  • 1987 The National Union of Mineworkers begin South Africa's longest wage strike
  • 1988 Cubs beat Mets 6-4 in their 1st official night game at Wrigley Field

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1988 Edmonton Oilers trade Wayne Gretzky to LA Kings for $15-$20 millions

Ice Hockey Great Wayne Gretzky
Ice Hockey Great
Wayne Gretzky
  • 1988 Just 1 day after 8/8/88 NY's daily number is 888
  • 1990 12 Arab leaders agree to send pan-Arab forces to protect Saudi Arabia
  • 1990 Russian spacecraft Soyuz TM-10 launches
  • 1992 "Streetcar Named Desire" closes at Ethel Barrymore NYC after 137 performances
  • 1992 Florence Descampe wins McCall's LPGA Golf Classic at Stratton Mt
  • 1992 Last day of Test Cricket for David Gower
  • 1992 Record temperature in Berlin-Dahlem 99.3°F (37.4°C)
  • 1992 Future 6-weight boxing world champion Oscar De La Hoya of the US beats German Marco Rudolph on points to win the lightweight gold medal at the Barcelona Olympics
  • 1992 Cuban boxer Félix Savón wins the first of 3 consecutive Olympic heavyweight gold medals when he dominates Nigerian David Izonritei on points at the Barcelona Games
  • 1993 King Albert II of Belgium, crowned
  • 1994 Phil Rizzuto Hall of Fame Night
  • 1994 Stanley Betrian put in charge of Curacao
  • 1995 South Africa celebrates the first National Women's Day
  • 1997 Security guard Abner Louima, attacked by NYC police
  • 1997 Yanks break Minnesota Twins Brad Radke's string of 12 straight wins
  • 1997 "Just to See You Smile" single released by Tim McGraw (Billboard Song of the Year 1998)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1999 Russian President Boris Yeltsin fires his Prime Minister, Sergei Stepashin, and for the fourth time fires his entire cabinet.

Russian President Boris Yeltsin
Russian President
Boris Yeltsin
  • 1999 The Diet of Japan enacts a law establishing the Hinomaru and Kimi Ga Yo as the official national flag and national anthem.
  • 1999 Charles Kennedy wins the race to succeed Paddy Ashdown as the leader of the Liberal Democrats, UK
  • 2000 South African President Thabo Mbeki unveils the Women's Monument commemorating the role of women in the anti-apartheid struggle

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2001 US President George W. Bush announces his support for federal funding of limited research on embryonic stem cells.

43rd US President George W. Bush
43rd US President
George W. Bush

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

2002 SF Giants outfielder Barry Bonds hits his 600th career home run

MLB Legend Barry Bonds
MLB Legend
Barry Bonds
  • 2008 United States takes all 3 medals in women's fencing sabre event at the Beijing Olympics; first US podium sweep of a fencing event since 1904; Mariel Zagunis takes gold ahead of Sada Jacobson & Rebecca Ward
  • 2012 The death toll from the Philippines' floods rise to 70

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2012 Jamaican sprint superstar Usain Bolt wins the 200m at the London Olympics in 19.32 to become first to win 100/200m double in back-to-back Olympics

Olympic Sprinter Usain Bolt
Olympic Sprinter
Usain Bolt
  • 2013 8 people are killed and 24 are injured after gunmen open fire on a Sunni mosque in Quetta, Pakistan
  • 2015 At Ferguson anniversary of the shooting of unarmed Michael Brown, a man is shot and a state of emergency declared
  • 2016 Longest ever hunger strike ends, Indian human rights campaigner Irom Sharmila tastes honey after 16 years

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2016 American swimmer Michael Phelps swims 1:53.36 to win the men's 200m butterfly gold medal at the Rio de Janeiro Olympics; beats Japan's Masato Sakai by 0.04 for his 20th Olympic gold medal

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2016 American swimmer Katie Ledecky wins her second gold medal of the Rio de Janeiro Olympics in 1:53.73 in the women's 200m freestyle ahead of Sarah Sjöström of Sweden and Australian Emma McKeon

Swimmer Katie Ledecky
Swimmer
Katie Ledecky
  • 2016 Hungary's Katinka Hosszú records an Olympic record of 2:06.58 in the women's 200m individual medley, her 3rd gold medal of the Rio de Janeiro Olympics
  • 2016 Chinese weightlifter Deng Wei sets a world record of 147kg in the clean & jerk, and another for a total score of 262kg, to win the women's 63kg gold medal at the Rio de Janeiro Olympics

USAInflatable Trump-like Chicken

2017 Giant inflatable chicken resembling US President Donald Trump placed outside US White House as a political protest
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  • 2017 North Korea says it plans to fire rockets on US territory Guam in continuing escalation of tension between it and the US
  • 2017 Nepal's parliament bans menstruation huts (comes into effect August 2018)
  • 2018 Saudi-led air coalition strikes a school bus in Sada Province, Yemen, killing 43, many of them children
  • 2018 Argentina's Senate rejects bill to legalize abortion in first 14 weeks
  • 2018 EPL club Tottenham Hotspur fails to bring in one player during the transfer window; first time since FIFA made system compulsory in 2002-03