On This Day

Historical Events in 1492

SpainCompletion of the Reconquista

Jan 2 Muhammad XII, the last Emir of Granada, surrenders his city to Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabel I of Castile, ending both the Reconquista and centuries of Muslim rule in the Iberian peninsula
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The Surrender of Granada by Francisco Pradilla Ortiz: Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile accept the surrender of Granada
The Surrender of Granada by Francisco Pradilla Ortiz: Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile accept the surrender of Granada
  • Jan 16 The first grammar of a modern language, Spanish, is presented to Queen Isabella.
  • Mar 4 King James IV of Scotland concludes an alliance with France against England.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 31 Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon issue the Alhambra Decree which expels Jews from their kingdoms

Queen of Castile Isabella I of Castile
Queen of Castile
Isabella I of Castile
King of Aragon Ferdinand II of Aragon
King of Aragon
Ferdinand II of Aragon

AgreementContract of Interest

Apr 17 Christopher Columbus signs a contract with the Spanish monarchs to find the "Indies" with the stated goal of converting people to Catholicism. This promises him 10% of all riches found, and the governorship of any lands encountered.

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • Apr 30 Christopher Columbus is given royal commission by Spanish monarchs isabella i and Ferdinand II to equip his fleet to the New World
  • Apr 30 Spain announces it will expel all Jews
  • May 15 Cheese & Bread rebellion: German mercenaries kill 232 residents of Alkmaar, Netherlands

Historic DiscoverySanta María

Aug 3 Christopher Columbus sets sail on his first voyage with three ships, Santa María, Pinta and Niña from Palos de la Frontera, Spain for the "Indies"
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Christopher Columbus aboard his flagship the Santa María in 1492
Christopher Columbus aboard his flagship the Santa María in 1492
  • Aug 11 Rodrigo de Borja becomes Pope Alexander VI
  • Aug 12 Christopher Columbus arrives in the Canary Islands on his first voyage to the New World
  • Sep 6 Christopher Columbus' fleet leaves Gomera, Canary islands
  • Sep 25 Crewman on Pinta sights "land"-a few weeks early
  • Oct 2 King Henry VII of England invades France
  • Oct 7 Christopher Columbus misses Florida when he changes course
  • Oct 12 Flemish rebel leader Philip van Kleef surrenders

  • Oct 12 Christopher Columbus's expedition makes landfall on a Caribbean island he names San Salvador (likely Watling Island, Bahamas). The explorer believes he has reached East Asia (OS 21 Oct)
  • Oct 13 English admiral Sir Edward Poynings' fleet occupies Lock
  • Oct 14 Christopher Columbus leaves San Salvador; arrives in Santa Maria of Concepcion (Bahamas)
  • Oct 16 Christopher Columbus' fleet anchors at "Fernandina" (Long Island, Bahamas)
  • Oct 19 Christopher Columbus sights "Isabela", now Fortune Island/Long Cay, Bahamas
  • Oct 24 24 Jews are burned at the stake in Mecklenburg, Germany
  • Oct 26 Lead (graphite) pencils first used
  • Oct 28 Christopher Columbus sights Cuba and claims it for Spain under the name "Juana"
  • Nov 5 Christopher Columbus 1st learns about growing and harvesting maize (corn) from Cuba's indigenous population
  • Nov 7 Ensisheim Meteorite strikes a wheat field near the village of Ensisheim in Alsace, France. Oldest meteorite with a known date of impact.
  • Nov 9 Peace of Etaples (Henry VII of England & Charles VIII of France)
  • Nov 15 Christopher Columbus notes 1st recorded reference to tobacco
  • Nov 15 In La Guardia, Spain, 6 Jews & 5 Conversos are accused of ritual murder
  • Nov 22 Pinta under Martín Alonso Pinzón separates from Christopher Columbus's fleet
  • Dec 5 Christopher Columbus discovers Hispaniola (El Espanola/Haiti)
  • Dec 25 Christopher Columbus' flagship the Santa María runs aground and sinks on the north coast of Hispaniola. The crew are left to found a colony as Columbus returns to Spain
  • Dec 26 1st Spanish settlement La Navidad in the New World is founded by Christopher Columbus (modern Môle-Saint-Nicolas in Haiti)
  • Dec 31 100,000 Jews expelled from Sicily