On This Day

Historical Events in 1526

Treaty of Interest

Jan 14 Charles V and Francis I sign the Treaty of Madrid, forcing Francis to give up claims to Burgundy, Italy and Flanders

  • Feb 8 Heavy storm strikes Dutch coast, many die
  • Feb 27 Saxony and Hesse form League of Gotha (league of Protestant princes)
  • Mar 15 French Dauphin Francis and his brother Henry exchanged as hostages for their father Francis I, beginning four years of captivity in Spain under Treaty of Madrid
  • Mar 17 French King Francis I freed from Spain
  • Mar 26 King Francis I returns from Spanish captivity to France

First Battle of Panipat

Apr 21 First Battle of Panipat: Central Asian conqueror Babur defeats Sultan Ibrahim Lodi, establishing the Mughal Empire in India

  • Apr 22 1st slave revolt in North America at San Miguel de Gualdape, a Spanish settlement (now part of South Carolina)
  • May 2 German evangelical monarchy joins Schmalkaldic League
  • May 22 Pope Clemens VII, France, Genoa, Venice, Florence & Milan form Anti-French League of Cognac
  • May 26 Four remaining ships of the Spanish Laoisa Expedition sail into the Pacific Ocean, soon be separated in a storm, only one will successfully cross to reach the Spice Islands)
  • Jun 25 Diet of Speyer convenes, resulting in the Edict of Speyer, which temporarily suspends the 1521 Edict of Worms (a Papal ban on Luther's teachings); allows Lutheranism and other "reforms" to propagate unimpeded throughout Germany

Victory in Battle

Aug 29 Battle of Mohács: In a decisive battle the Hungarian Empire is conquered by the Ottoman Empire led by Suleiman the Magnificent

  • Nov 9 Jews are expelled from Pressburg (Bratislava), Hungary, by Maria of Hapsburg
  • Nov 10 John I Zapolyai of Transsylvania chosen as king of Hungary
  • Dec 17 Ferdinand of Austria chosen as King of Bohemia
  • Dec 17 Pope Clemens VII publishes decree Cum ad zero - forms Inquisition