On This Day

Historical Events in 1538

  • Jan 27 States of Gelderland accepts Willem van Kleef as viceroy
  • Feb 24 Treaty of Nagyvarad/Peace of Grosswardein signed between Ferdinand I of Austria and John Zápolya of Hungary.

Historic Event

Apr 9 Danish king Christian III enters Schmalkaldische Union

Historic Event

May 26 Geneva expels John Calvin and his followers from the city. Calvin lives in exile in Strasbourg for the next three years.

  • Jun 10 Catholic German monarchy signs League of Neuremberg

Treaty of Interest

Jun 18 Treaty of Nice: ends war between Emperor Charles V & King French I

  • Jul 15 Peace talks between Charles I and King Francois I
  • Jul 25 The City of Guayaquil is founded by the Spanish Conquistador Francisco de Orellana and given the name Muy Noble y Muy Leal Ciudad de Santiago de Guayaquil
  • Aug 6 Bogotá, Colombia, is founded by Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada
  • Sep 21 Shrine of Saint Swithun in Winchester smashed up in the middle of the night as part of the English Reformation
  • Sep 28 Battle at Preveza: Ottoman fleet under Barbarossa beats Papal alliance off Northwestern Greece
  • Oct 28 The first university in the New World, the Universidad Santo Tomás de Aquino, is established on Hispaniola
  • Dec 16 King Francois I orders renewed pursuit of Protestants


Dec 17 Pope Paul II excommunicates King Henry VIII of England