Historical Events in 1555

  • Feb 4 Reformer and bible translator John Roger is the first protestant martyr under Mary I, when he is burnt at the stake at Smithfield, London
  • Feb 9 Bishop of Gloucester John Hooper is burned at the stake for heresy
  • Apr 9 Marcello Cervini elected Pope Marcellus II
  • Apr 17 Siena surrenders to Spanish troops

Papal Inauguration

May 23 Giampietro Caraffa elected Pope Paul IV

  • Jul 2 Turkish naval commander Dragut [Turgut Reis] sacks the Italian city of Paola
  • Sep 25 Freedom of Religion in Augsburg
  • Sep 30 Bishop of Oxford Nicholas Ridley sentenced to death as a heretic

Historic Event

Oct 21 Emperor Charles V makes Erard of Pallandt earl of Culemborg

  • Oct 21 English parliament refuses to recognize Philip of Spain as king
  • Oct 25 Holy Roman Emperor Charles V publicly abdicates his roles as Lord of the Netherlands and Duke of Burgundy in favor of his son Philip II of Spain
  • Nov 12 The English Parliament re-establishes Catholicism
  • Nov 17 William of Orange becomes member of Council of State