Historical Events in 1570

Massacre of Novgorod

Jan 2 Tsar Ivan the Terrible's march to Novgorod begins

  • Jan 4 Spanish viceroy Alva banishes Zutphen City's only physician, Joost Sweiter, "because he is a Jew"
  • Jan 9 Tsar Ivan the Terrible kills 1,000-2,000 residents of Novgorod
  • Jan 23 Earl of Moray, regent of Scotland, assassinated; civil war breaks out

Elizabeth I Excommunicated

Feb 25 Pius V excommunicates Queen Elizabeth I of England for heresy and persecution of English Catholics during her reign. Also absolves her subjects from allegiance to the crown.

  • Feb 28 Anti-Portuguese uprising on Ternate, Moluccas

Event of Interest

Mar 4 King Philip II bans foreign Dutch students

  • Apr 14 Polish Calvinists, Lutherans and Hernhutters unify against Jesuits
  • Apr 24 Battles between Spanish troops & followers of Sultan Suleiman
  • May 22 1st atlas 'Theatrum Orbis Terrarum' (Theatre of the World), published by Abraham Ortelius in Antwerp with 70 maps
  • Jul 2 Ottoman Empire invades Venetian controlled Cyprus and lays siege to its cities. Gains control of the island August 1571.

Event of Interest

Jul 14 Pope Pius V introduces a standardised Roman Missal (text of the Latin mass), a reform of the Council of Trent. Will remain unchanged for 400 years.

Battle of Arnay-le-Duc

Jul 25 Battle of Arnay-le-Duc, Burgundy: Huguenot victory forces Charles IX of France to agree to a peace treaty that ends the Third War of Religion

  • Aug 8 Peace of Saint-Germain-and-Laye, more freedom for Huguenots

Treaty of Interest

Aug 16 King of Hungary John Sigismund Zápolyai signs secret treaty with Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian II

  • Sep 9 Cyprian city of Nicosia falls to the Ottomans, afterwards an estimated 20,000 citizen are massacred and the rest sold into slavery
  • Nov 1 All Saints Flood, tidal wave in the North Sea devastates the coast from Holland to Jutland; killing more than 1,000 people.
  • Dec 9 The Geuzen (a confederacy of Calvinist Dutch nobles) under Herman de Ruyter occupies Loevestein
  • Dec 13 Sweden and Denmark signs Peace of Stettin