Historical Events in 1579

  • Jan 6 Northern Hasburg Netherlands counties of Artois and Hainault and city Dowaai sign pro-Spanish and pro-Roman Catholic Union of Arras (Unie van Atrecht)
  • Jan 23 Union of Utrecht signed by Northern Habsburg counties of Holland and Zeeland, and provinces of Utrecht and Groningen, marking the beginning of protestant Dutch Republic

Historic Event

Mar 1 British admiral and explorer Francis Drake surprises and captures the Spanish treasure ship Nuestra Señora de la Concepción off the coast of Peru, Drake's richest plunder [1]

  • Mar 5 Betuwe joins Union of Utrecht
  • Mar 6 Veluwe joins Union of Utrecht
  • Mar 23 Friesland joins Union of Utrecht
  • Apr 11 Venlo joins Union of Utrecht
  • May 7 Congress of Cologne forms in Netherlands
  • May 17 Artois, Henegouwen and French-Flanders sign Treaty, the Peace of Parma recognizing Spanish Duke van Parma as land guardian
  • Jun 17 Anti-English uprising in Ireland
  • Jul 8 Our Lady of Kazan, a holy icon of the Russian Orthodox Church, was discovered underground in the city of Kazan, Tatarstan
  • Jul 21 Mechelen surrenders to Duke of Parma
  • Jul 23 Francis Drake departs San Francisco to cross the Pacific Ocean [1]
  • Jul 28 Cardinal Granvelle returns to Madrid
  • Jul 29 Antwerp request union with Utrecht

Historic Event

Jul 29 Spanish King Philip II arrests plotters Antonio Perez and Princess van Eboli

Historic Event

Aug 17 Francois of Anjou visits English Queen Elizabeth I

  • Sep 13 Breda forms Union of Utrecht
  • Oct 16 Francis Drake sights land in the Philippines after crossing the Pacific Ocean aboard the Golden Hind [1]
  • Nov 3 Francis Drake arrives at Ternate in the East Indies and makes a trade treaty with the Sultan of Ternate, buys a cargo of cloves [1]