On This Day

Historical Events in 1596

  • Jan 31 Catholic League disbanded
  • Apr 17 Archduke Albrecht of Austria occupies Calais
  • Apr 24 Pacificatie of Ireland drawn
  • May 18 Willem Barents leaves Amsterdam for Novaya Zemlya
  • May 26 England, France & Netherlands sign Drievoudig Covenant against Spain
  • Jun 22 Cornelis de Houtmans fleet reaches Banten Java
  • Jun 30 English and Dutch fleet reach Cadiz
  • Jul 5 English fleet under Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, captures Cadiz
  • Jul 17 At 10:30AM Dutch explorer Willem Barents arrives at Novaya Zemlya
  • Aug 3 David Fabricius discovers light variation of Mira (1st variable star)
  • Aug 9 Henry van Cuyk becomes bishop of Roermond
  • Sep 5 Dutch fleet commander Cornelis de Houtman taken hostage in Java
  • Sep 7 Dutch fleet bombards Banten, Java
  • Sep 20 Diego de Montemayor founded the city of Monterrey in New Spain.

Execution26 Martyrs of Japan Executed

Oct 19 Spanish galleon San Felipe is shipwrecked in Urado on the Japanese island of Shikoku en route from Manila to Acapulco. Incident leads to the crucifixion of 26 Christians who become known as the Twenty-Six Martyrs of Japan.

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A painting in a Prague church commemorating the 1597 crucifixion of the 26 Catholic martyrs of Japan in Nagasaki
A painting in a Prague church commemorating the 1597 crucifixion of the 26 Catholic martyrs of Japan in Nagasaki
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  • Oct 24 -26] Battle at Kerestes: Ottoman beat Austria-Hungary & Germany
  • Oct 25 Spanish fleet sails from Lisbon to Ireland
  • Oct 31 English, French & Dutch delegates sign anti-Spanish "Triple Covenant"
  • Nov 29 King Philip II devalues Spanish currency
  • Dec 22 Ferryboat Meuniers crashes in Paris, 150 die