On This Day

Historical Events in 1605

Music releaseTheater Premiere

Jan 13 Controversial play "Eastward Hoe" by Ben Jonson, George Chapman, and John Marston is performed, landing two of the authors in prison.

Playwright and Poet Ben Jonson
Playwright and Poet
Ben Jonson

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Jan 16 The first edition of "El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha" (Book One of Don Quixote) by Miguel de Cervantes is published in Madrid

  • Feb 25 Portuguese garrison on Ambon surrenders to Admiral Van der Haghen
  • May 16 Camillo Borghese elected to succeed Pope Leo XI, becomes Paul V
  • Jun 10 False Dimitri I, an impostor, crowned Russian tsar (rules 1605-1606)
  • Aug 8 The city of Oulu, Finland, is founded by Charles IX of Sweden.
  • Aug 18 Spanish army under of general Spinola conquers Lingen
  • Sep 27 The armies of Sweden are utterly defeated by the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in the Battle of Kircholm.
  • Oct 3 Chinese uprising on Philippines, Tondo/Quiapo massacre
  • Oct 27 Spanish army under General Spinola occupies Wachtendonk

400 Years of Celebration After Plotters Fail to Kill a King400 Years of Celebration After Plotters Fail to Kill a King

Nov 5 Gunpowder Plot: Catholic conspirator Guy Fawkes attempts to blow up King James I and the British Parliament. Plot discovered, Guy Fawkes caught, tortured and later executed along with seven others. Celebrated ever since as Guy Fawkes Day, where his effigy is traditionally burned on a bonfire, accompanied by fireworks.
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Guy Fawkes by Charles Gogin, painted 1870. York Museums Trust.
Guy Fawkes by Charles Gogin, painted 1870. York Museums Trust.