On This Day

Historical Events in 1620

Historic Event

Feb 4 Prince Bethlen Gabor of Hungary signs peace with Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II

  • May 17 1st merry-go-round seen at a fair in Philippapolis, Turkey
  • Jun 3 Construction of the oldest stone church in French North America, Notre-Dame-des-Anges, begins at Quebec City, Quebec, Canada
  • Jul 31 Pilgrim Fathers depart Leiden, Netherlands for England on their way to America

Historic Event

Aug 7 Astronomer Johannes Kepler's mother arrested for witchcraft

Victory in Battle

Aug 7 Battle at Ponts-the-Ce, Poitou: French king Louis XIII defeats his mother Marie de Medici

  • Aug 15 Mayflower sets sail from Southampton, England, with 102 Pilgrims
  • Sep 16 The Mayflower departs Plymouth, England, with 102 Pilgrims and about 30 crew for the New World (O.S. 6 Sept)

Historic Event

Sep 20 Battle at Jassy: Turks beat king Sigismund III of Poland

  • Nov 3 Great Patent granted to Plymouth Colony
  • Nov 8 Battle of White Mountain, Prague - 1st major victory of the Catholic Habsburgs over the Protestant Alliance in The Thirty Years' War
  • Nov 9 After a month of delays off the English coast and about two months at sea, the Mayflower spots land (Cape Cod)
  • Nov 11 Mayflower Pilgrims make their first landing in America, at Provincetown Harbor, Massachusetts [1]
  • Nov 11 Mayflower Compact signed by Pilgrims at Cape Cod, the 1st framework of government in the territory that is now the USA [N.S. Nov 21]

Historic Expedition

Nov 15 Myles Standish leads 16 men in a foot exploration of the northern portion of Cape Cod

  • Nov 19 The Mayflower reaches Cape Cod and explores the coast
  • Dec 2 English language newspaper "Namloos" begins publishing in Amsterdam
  • Dec 11 Mayflower Pilgrims come ashore at in Plymouth Bay, traditionally thought to be at Plymouth Rock, Massachusetts [NS, Dec 21]
  • Dec 11 Myles Standish and a group of 18 settlers are attacked by 30 Native Americans, which became known as the "First Encounter"
  • Dec 21 Mayflower Pilgrims come ashore at in Plymouth Bay, traditionally thought to be at Plymouth Rock, Massachusetts [OS=Dec 11]
  • Dec 23 French huguenots declare war on King Louis XIII