Historical Events in 1639

  • Jan 6 Virginia orders half of its tobacco crop destroyed to support plunging prices and to avoid an economic catastrophe, the 1st colony to order the destruction of crops
  • Jan 14 1st Connecticut constitution (Fundamental Orders) adopted in Hartford, published by Rodger Ludlow
  • Jan 24 Connecticut colony organizes under Fundamental Orders
  • Feb 7 Academie Fran├žaise begins Dictionary of French Language
  • Mar 13 Cambridge College, Massachusetts, renamed Harvard for clergyman John Harvard
  • May 8 William Coddington founds Newport, Rhode Island
  • May 20 Dorchester Massachusetts forms 1st school funded by local taxes
  • Jun 6 Massachusetts grants 500 acres of land to erect a gunpowder mill
  • Jun 10 1st American log cabin at Fort Christina (Wilmington Delaware)
  • Jun 18 Treaty of Berwick: Ends the First Bishops' War between England and Scotland
  • Jul 19 French troops occupy Salses, at Perpignan
  • Aug 22 Madras (now Chennai), India, founded by the British East India Company on sliver of land bought from local Nayak rulers
  • Sep 12 Viceroy Thomas Wentworth sails back to England
  • Sep 25 First printing press in America set up in Cambridge under the guaranty of Harvard College
  • Sep 25 Suzuki Shosan, Samurai monk of Zen Buddhism, found awakening

Victory in Battle

Oct 21 Sea battle at Dunes, Lt Admiral Maarten Tromp defeats Spanish armada under De Oquendo

  • Nov 5 First post office in the colonies is set up in Massachusetts

Transit of Venus

Nov 24 1st observation of transit of Venus by Jeremiah Horrocks and William Crabtree - helped establish size of the Solar System

  • Dec 3 1st annulment by court decree passes