Historical Events in 1642

Charles I Attacks Parliament

Jan 4 King Charles I with 400 soldiers attacks the English parliament

  • Jan 10 King Charles I and family flee London for Hampton Court fearing for their lives, not to return for 7 years
  • Mar 1 Georgeana (York) in Maine becomes the 1st incorporated American city
  • Mar 9 English Queen Henriette Maria arrives in Hellevoetsluis, Netherlands
  • Mar 27 The sixth Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia Joseph takes office.

Montreal Founded

May 18 Ville-Marie (later Montreal), Canada, founded by the Société Notre-Dame de Montréal led by Paul de Chomedey

  • May 30 All honours granted by Charles I are retrospectively annulled by Parliament
  • Jun 14 1st compulsory education law in America passed by Massachusetts

Mars' South Polar Cap

Aug 13 Dutch astronomer Christiaan Huygens discovers Mars' southern polar cap

  • Aug 14 Able Tasman's ships Heemskerck and Zeehaen depart out from Batavia to search for Terra Australis (will be first Europeans to find Tasmania and New Zealand)
  • Aug 22 English Civil War begins between Royalists and Parliament

London Theatre Closure

Sep 2 English Long Parliament issues Ordinance ordering closure of London theatres including the Globe theatre, once part-owned by William Shakespeare

  • Sep 19 Perpignan surrenders to French troops
  • Sep 23 Harvard College in Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1st commencement
  • Oct 23 Battle of Edgehill (Warwickshire): King Charles I beat English parliamentarian forces
  • Nov 2 Second Battle of Breitenfeld, aka First Battle of Leipzig; victory for the Swedish army under Field Marshal Lennart Torstenson over Holy Roman Empire army under Archduke Leopold Wilhelm of Austria
  • Nov 13 Battle at Turnham Green outside London: King Charles I vs English parliament

Historic Discovery

Nov 24 Dutch explorer Abel Tasman is the first European to discover Van Diemen's Land (Tasmania)

  • Dec 13 Dutch explorer Abel Tasman sights the South Island of present day New Zealand; initially he calls it Staten Landt and changes it a year later to Nieuw Zeeland [1]
  • Dec 18 Abel Tasman's expedition sails around Farewell Spit and into Golden Bay, first sighting local Māori in New Zealand
  • Dec 19 4 of Abel Tasman's crew killed at Wharewharangi (Murderers) Bay by Māori; Tasman's ships depart without landing
  • Dec 22 Pope Urbanus VIII publishes decree In eminente