Historical Events in 1643

  • Jan 23 Sir Thomas Fairfax takes Leeds for Parliamentarians in English Civil War
  • Feb 25 Pavonia Massacre: Dutch US colonists kill 120 Algonquin Native Americans at Communipaw (New Jersey)
  • Apr 27 Tirso de Molina's "Bellaco Sois, Gomez" premieres in Madrid
  • May 8 Lady Blanche Arundell, surrenders Wardour Castle, which she had led the defense of against siege by Parliamentarian forces [1]
  • May 10 Essex County, Massachusetts is founded, which contains the town of Salem in which the notorious witch-trials will occur in 1692
  • May 13 Battle of Grantham: English parliamentary armies beat royalists
  • May 13 Heavy earthquake strikes Santiago Chile; kills 1/3 of population

Event of Interest

May 14 Louis XIV becomes King of France aged 4

  • May 19 Battle at Rocroi/Allersheim: French army destroys Spanish army
  • May 19 Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, Connecticut and New Harbor form the United Colonies of New England
  • Jun 15 Able Tasman returns to Batavia after discovering Tasmania and New Zealand and completing (without realising it) a circumnavigation of Australia
  • Jun 18 Skirmish at Chalgrove Field: Prince Rupert defeats Parliamentarian armies
  • Jun 30 Battle of Adwalton Moor: Royalists beat parliamentary army during First English Civil war
  • Jul 5 1st recorded tornado in US (Essex County, Massachusetts)
  • Jul 13 Battle at Roundway Down: Royalists beat parliamentary armies

Battle of Gainsborough

Jul 27 Oliver Cromwell defeats Royalists at Battle of Gainsborough

First Battle of Newbury

Sep 20 First Battle of Newbury (English civil war): King Charles I's forces beaten by a parliamentary army led by the Earl of Essex and Philip Stapleton

  • Nov 24 Battle of Tuttlingen: Beiers army under Gen Mercy beats France
  • Dec 13 English Civil War: The Battle of Alton takes place in Hampshire.
  • Dec 25 Christmas Island founded and named by Captain William Mynors of the East India Ship Company vessel, the Royal Mary.