Historical Events in 1645

  • Mar 5 Battle of Jankau in Bohemia: Sweden defeats Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand III
  • Apr 2 Robert Devereux resigns as parliament supreme commander
  • Apr 3 English Long Parliament passes the Self-Denying Ordinance, limiting regional armies, significant step toward New Model Army
  • Apr 7 Michael Cardozo becomes 1st Jewish lawyer in Brazil

Victory in Battle

Jun 14 Battle of Naseby, Leicestershire: "New Model Army" under Oliver Cromwell & Thomas Fairfax beat royalists forces of English King Charles I

  • Jun 23 Cretan War begins with attack by Ottoman navy on Venetian-held coast of Crete (war lasts till 1669)
  • Jul 10 Battle at Langport, Somerset: Oliver Cromwell's New Model Army beats Royalists
  • Jul 13 Aleksei Romanov succeeds his father Michael as Tsar of Russia
  • Jul 21 Manchu Prince Grogon issues edict that all Han Chinese men shave front of their head and wear hair in queues in the Manchu style
  • Aug 3 Battle of Allersheim: French defeat Bavarians
  • Aug 13 Sweden & Denmark sign Peace of Brömsebro
  • Aug 30 Dutch & Indians sign peace treaty (New Amsterdam (NY))
  • Sep 11 Thomas Fairfax's New Model Army occupies Bristol

Historic Event

Oct 8 First hospital in Montreal, Quebec founded, the Hôtel-Dieu de Montréal by nurse Jeanne Mance

Victory in Battle

Nov 4 Prince Frederick Henry conquers Hulst