On This Day

Historical Events in 1649

  • Jan 5 Francesco Cavalli's opera "Giasone" premieres in Venice (the most popular opera of the 17th century)

Historic Event

Jan 6 The English Rump Parliament votes to put Charles I on trial for treason and other "high crimes"

Historic Event

Feb 5 Prince of Wales proclaimed King Charles II of Great Britain by Covenanter Parliament of Scotland

  • Feb 8 Sobornoye Ulozheniye of 1649: Russia adopts new code of laws, consolidating serfdom (OS 29 Jan) [1]
  • Mar 11 The Frondeurs (French rebels) and the French government sign the Peace of Rueil.
  • Apr 21 Maryland Toleration Act passed in the American colony, allowing freedom of worship for Christians but sentencing to death anyone who rejected the divinity of Jesus
  • May 19 England is declared a Commonwealth by an act of the Rump Parliament making England a republic for the next 11 years
  • Jun 1 Russian Tsar Alexis throws English merchants out of Moscow
  • Sep 2 The Italian city of Castro is completely destroyed by the forces of Pope Innocent X, ending the Wars of Castro.

Historic Event

Sep 11 Massacre of Drogheda, Ireland - Oliver Cromwell kills 3,000 royalists

  • Sep 30 Last Swedish troops vacate Prague

Appointment of Interest

Oct 31 John Wallis, newly appointed Savilian Professorof Geometry at Oxford University, gives his Inaugural lecture