Historical Events in 1654

  • Jan 7 Fire after heavy storm destroys two thirds of De Rijp, Netherlands, 1 person dies
  • Jan 26 Portuguese troops conquer last Dutch base on Recife
  • Apr 12 Ordinance of Union between England and Scotland passed by the Council of State
  • Apr 15 England & Netherlands sign peace treaty
  • Apr 21 England & Sweden sign trade agreement
  • Apr 26 Jews are expelled from Brazil
  • May 3 Bridge at Rowley, Massachusetts begins charging tolls for animals
  • May 13 Venetian fleet under Norwegian Admiral Cort Adeler beats Turkish fleet the near the Dardanelles, sinking 15 Turkish galleys
  • Jun 6 Queen Christina of Sweden resigns and converts to Catholicism

Louis XIV Crowned

Jun 7 Louis XIV crowned King of France

World's Oldest Treaty

Jul 20 Anglo-Portuguese treaty is reinforced, England guarantees Portugal’s independence and receives trade concessions

  • Aug 5 French troops occupy Stenay during Franco-Spanish war
  • Aug 22 Jacob Barsimson arrives in New Amsterdam (modern day Manhattan) aboard the Peartree, one of the first Jewish colonists
  • Aug 25 Battle of Arras: Louis de Bourbon, Prince of Condé, failed to take Arras and withdrew to Cambrai.
  • Sep 16 Russian troops occupy Smolensk in Poland
  • Sep 25 England & Denmark sign trade agreement
  • Oct 12 The Delft Explosion (gunpowder) devastates the city of Delft in the Netherlands, killing more than 100 people

Appointment of Interest

Oct 15 Prince William of Orange appointed viceroy of Overijssel

  • Nov 21 Richard Johnson, a free black, granted 550 acres in Virginia

Event of Interest

Nov 23 French mathematician, scientist, and religious philosopher Blaise Pascal experiences an intense, mystical vision that marks him for life.