On This Day

Historical Events in 1659

  • Jan 14 Battle at Elvas: Portuguese beat Spanish
  • Jan 24 Pierre Corneille's "Oedipe" premieres in Paris
  • Feb 11 The assault on Copenhagen by Swedish forces is beaten back with heavy losses
  • Feb 16 1st known cheque written (£400), now on display at Westminster Abbey
  • Apr 22 Lord Protector Richard Cromwell disbands English parliament
  • May 22 France, England & Netherlands sign "Hedges Concerto" treaty
  • May 25 Richard Cromwell resigns as Lord Protector of England, earning the nickname "Tumbledown Dick" as a result of his abrupt fall from power
  • May 31 Netherlands, England and France sign Treaty of The Hague
  • Jun 29 The Russians, led by Prince Trubetskoy are defeated by the Ukrainian armies of Ivan Vyhovsky in the Battle of Konotop.
  • Aug 10 Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb has his brother and competitor for the throne Dara Shukoh executed on religious grounds
  • Sep 30 Robinson Crusoe is shipwrecked (according to Daniel Defoe)
  • Sep 30 Peter Stuyvesant of New Netherlands forbids tennis playing during religious services (1st mention of tennis in US)
  • Oct 12 English "Rump" Parliament dismisses John Lambert and other Parliamentary generals
  • Oct 13 Major general John Lambert drives out English Rump government

Treaty of Interest

Nov 7 The Treaty of the Pyrenees signed by representatives of French King Louis XIV & Spanish king Philip IV

  • Nov 17 Peace of the Pyrenees is signed between France and Spain
  • Nov 25 Michiel de Ruyter conquers Danish city Nyborg
  • Dec 8 Mexican border town Ciudad Juárez is founded by Fray García de San Francisco.
  • Dec 16 General Monck demands free parliamentary election in Scotland
  • Dec 26 Long Parliament reforms in Westminster