Historical Events in 1691

Event of Interest

Jan 18 English King William III travels to The Hague

  • Feb 17 Thomas Neale granted English patent for American postal service
  • Apr 9 French troops occupy Mons
  • Jun 12 Pope Innocent XII succeeds Alexander VIII

Historic Siege

Jun 28 Siege of Cuneo ends in a French defeat and a loss of 700–800 troops after Imperial cavalry arrives to relieve forces led by Duke of Savoy Victor Amadeus II (Nine Years' War)

  • Jul 12 Antonio Pignatelli elected as Pope Innocentius XII
  • Jul 12 Battle of Aughrim (Aghrim) Ireland, William III beats James II
  • Jul 22 Battle at Aghrim: English/Dutch army beats France
  • Aug 16 Yorktown, Virginia founded
  • Aug 19 Battle at Slankamen: "the Bloodiest battle of the Century" Austrian Hapsburg force defeats Ottoman army, killing Grand Vizer Köprülü Fazıl Mustafa Pasha

Event of Interest

Aug 26 Charles Perrault's poem "The Marquise of Salusses or the Patience of Griselidis" read aloud at the French Academy, later attached to his "Tales of Mother Goose" (1697)

  • Sep 17 Massachusetts Bay Colony granted new charter
  • Oct 3 English & Dutch army occupies Limerick Ireland
  • Oct 17 New royal charter for Massachusetts, now including Maine, Plymouth
  • Dec 4 Emperor Leopold I takes control of Transsylvania
  • Dec 4 Spanish king Carlos II names Maximilian II as Viceroy of Southern Netherlands