On This Day

Historical Events in 1700

  • Jan 1 Protestant Western Europe (except England) begins using the Gregorian calendar
  • Jan 1 Russia begins using the Anno Domini era and no longer uses the Anno Mundi era of the Byzantine Empire
  • Jan 26 The magnitude 8.7-9.2 Cascadia earthquake took place off the west coast of the North America, as evidenced by Japanese records
  • Feb 12 The Great Northern War begins in Northern Europe between Denmark–Norway, Saxony and Russia and the Swedish Empire.
  • Feb 19 Last day of Julian calendar in Denmark
  • Feb 27 Pacific Island of New Britain discovered
  • Feb 28 Today is followed by March 1 in Sweden, thus creating the Swedish calendar

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 7 William Penn began monthly meetings for blacks advocating emancipation

English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania William Penn
English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania
William Penn
  • Jun 17 Massachusetts orders priest to leave the colony
  • Jun 30 Gelderland goes on Gregorian calendar (tomorrow is 12/7/1700)
  • Jul 12 Gelderland accepts Gregorian calendar; yesterday is June 30, 1700
  • Jul 13 Treaty of Constantinople establishes peace after Russo-Turkish war
  • Aug 8 Denmark & Sweden sign peace treaty
  • Aug 18 Swedish, English & Dutch army lands on Seeland, Denmark
  • Oct 2 Spanish king Carlos II appoints Philip van Anjou, heir to throne
  • Oct 14 Rabbi Judah Hasid & Chayim Molocho arrive in Jerusalem
  • Nov 16 Monarch of Brandenburg becomes king of Prussia
  • Nov 19 Battle at Narva: Swedish King Karel XII defeats Russians
  • Nov 23 Cardinal Francesco Albani elected Pope Clemens XI
  • Nov 30 King Charles XII of Sweden defeats Russia at Narva [NS]
  • Nov 30 Utrecht, Overijssel, Buren, Leerdam and IJsselstein go on Gregoria calendar
  • Dec 12 Utrecht, Overijssel, Buren, Leerdam and Ijsselstein adopt Gregorian calendar
  • Dec 31 Frisia and Groningen adopt Gregorian calendar, tomorrow is 1/12/1701