On This Day

Historical Events in 1700

Gregory Conquers Julius CaesarGregory Conquers Julius Caesar

Jan 1 Protestant Western Europe (except England) begins using the Gregorian calendar
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Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
  • Jan 1 Russia begins using the Anno Domini era and no longer uses the Anno Mundi era of the Byzantine Empire
  • Jan 26 The magnitude 8.7-9.2 Cascadia earthquake took place off the west coast of the North America, as evidenced by Japanese records
  • Feb 12 The Great Northern War begins in Northern Europe between Denmark–Norway, Saxony and Russia and the Swedish Empire.
  • Feb 19 Last day of Julian calendar in Denmark

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 27 English explorer William Dampier is the 1st British person to visit the Pacific Island of New Britain, which he names

Explorer and Pirate William Dampier
Explorer and Pirate
William Dampier
  • Feb 28 Today is followed by March 1 in Sweden, thus creating the Swedish calendar

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 7 William Penn began monthly meetings for blacks advocating emancipation

English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania William Penn
English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania
William Penn
  • Jun 17 Massachusetts orders priest to leave the colony
  • Jun 30 Gelderland goes on Gregorian calendar (tomorrow is 12/7/1700)
  • Jul 12 Gelderland accepts Gregorian calendar; yesterday is June 30, 1700
  • Jul 13 Treaty of Constantinople establishes peace after Russo-Turkish war
  • Aug 8 Denmark & Sweden sign peace treaty
  • Aug 18 Swedish, English & Dutch army lands on Seeland, Denmark
  • Oct 2 Spanish king Carlos II appoints Philip van Anjou, heir to throne
  • Oct 14 Rabbi Judah Hasid & Chayim Molocho arrive in Jerusalem
  • Nov 16 Monarch of Brandenburg becomes king of Prussia
  • Nov 19 Battle at Narva: Swedish King Karel XII defeats Russians
  • Nov 23 Cardinal Francesco Albani elected Pope Clemens XI
  • Nov 30 King Charles XII of Sweden defeats Russia at Narva [NS]
  • Nov 30 Utrecht, Overijssel, Buren, Leerdam and IJsselstein go on Gregoria calendar
  • Dec 12 Utrecht, Overijssel, Buren, Leerdam and Ijsselstein adopt Gregorian calendar
  • Dec 31 Frisia and Groningen adopt Gregorian calendar, tomorrow is 1/12/1701