Historical Events in 1709

Great Frost of 1709

Jan 5 The Great Frost begins during the night, a sudden cold snap that remains Europe's coldest ever winter. Thousands are killed across the continent and crops fail in France.

  • Jan 11 Colley Cibber's play "Rival Fools" premieres in London

Historic Event

Feb 2 British sailor Alexander Selkirk is rescued by William Dampier after being marooned on a desert island for 5 years, his story inspires "Robinson Crusoe

  • Mar 27 Dike at Hardinxveld breaks (Alblasserwaard flooded)

Historic Publication

Apr 12 Richard Steele's British literary and society journal "The Tatler" is first published establishing a new type of journalism featuring essays on contemporary manners

Victory in Battle

Jun 27 Peter the Great of Russia defeats Charles XII of Sweden at the Battle of Poltava, Charles goes into exile

  • Jul 8 Battle of Poltava; Russians defeat Swedes, end of Swedish empire as a major power
  • Aug 8 1st known ascent in hot-air balloon, Bartolomeu de Gusmao (indoors)
  • Sep 3 1st major group of Swiss German colonists reaches North and South Carolina
  • Sep 11 Battle at Malplaquet during War of the Spanish Succession: English, Austrian and Dutch Great Alliance defeat France
  • Oct 29 England & Netherlands sign anti-French "Barrieretraktaat"