Historical Events in 1709

  • Jan 5 Sudden extreme cold kills thousands of Europeans
  • Jan 11 Colley Cibber's play "Rival Fools" premieres in London
  • Feb 2 British sailor Alexander Selkirk is rescued after being marooned on a desert island for 5 years, his story inspires "Robinson Crusoe"
  • Mar 27 Dike at Hardinxveld breaks (Alblasserwaard flooded)

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Jun 27 Peter the Great of Russia defeats Charles XII of Sweden at the Battle of Poltava.

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great
  • Jul 8 Battle of Poltava; Russians defeat Swedes, end of Swedish empire as a major power
  • Aug 8 1st known ascent in hot-air balloon, Bartolomeu de Gusmao (indoors)
  • Sep 3 1st major group of Swiss/German colonists reaches NC/SC
  • Sep 11 Battle at Malplaquet during War of the Spanish Succession: English, Austrian and Dutch Great Alliance defeat France
  • Oct 29 England & Netherlands sign anti-French "Barrieretraktaat"