Historical Events in 1739

  • Jan 1 J B C Bouvet de Lozier discovers Bouvet Island, near Antarctica
  • Jan 14 Britain and Spain sign 2nd Convention of Pardo
  • Feb 24 Battle of Karnal: Army of Iranian ruler Nadir Shah defeats the forces of the Mughal emperor of India, Muhammad Shah
  • Mar 20 Iranian ruler Nadir Shah occupies Delhi in India and sacks the city, stealing the jewels of the Peacock Throne

Treaty of Interest

Apr 5 French and Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI sign secret treaty

  • Apr 7 Dick Turpin executed in England for horse stealing
  • Apr 21 Spain & Naples-Austria sign peace accord

Event of Interest

Jul 10 King George II authorises the Admiralty Board to seek maritime reprisals against Spain (War of Jenkin's Ear)

  • Jul 22 Ottoman Empire defeats Austria at Crocyka (Krotzka) in Serbia and then successfully lays siege to Belgrade
  • Jul 30 Caspar Wistar begins glass manufacturing in Allowaystown, New Jersey
  • Sep 1 35 Jews sentenced to life in prison in Lisbon Portugal
  • Sep 9 Slave revolt in Stono SC led by Jemmy (25 whites killed)
  • Sep 18 Turkey & Austria sign peace treaty - Austria cedes Belgrade to Turks
  • Oct 3 The Treaty of Nissa is signed by the Ottoman Empire and Russia at the end of the Russian-Turkish War, 1736-1739.
  • Oct 19 England declares war on Spain [OS=Oct 30]

Declaration of War

Oct 23 War of Jenkins' Ear starts: British Prime Minister, Robert Walpole, reluctantly declares war on Spain

  • Oct 30 Great Britain declares war on Spain: War of Jenkins' Ear [NS=Oct 19]