On This Day

Historical Events in 1743

  • Feb 3 Philadelphia establishes a "pesthouse" to quarantine immigrants
  • Feb 8 Comet C/1743 C1 approaches within 0.0390 AUs of Earth

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 14 Henry Pelham becomes Britain's First Lord of Treasury

British Prime Minister Henry Pelham
British Prime Minister
Henry Pelham
  • Mar 5 1st US religious journal, The Christian History, published in Boston
  • Mar 14 1st American town meeting is held in Boston's Faneuil Hall

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Mar 23 George Frideric Handel's oratorio "Messiah" premieres in London

Battle of InterestBattle of Dettingen

Jun 27 War of the Austrian Succession: Battle of Dettingen: in Bavaria, King George II of Britain personally leads troops into battle. The last time a British monarch commanded troops in the field.

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King George II with the Duke of Cumberland at the Battle of Dettingen
King George II with the Duke of Cumberland at the Battle of Dettingen
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  • Jul 18 1st half-page newspaper ad is published (NY Weekly Journal)
  • Aug 10 Earliest recorded prize fighting rules formulated
  • Aug 14 Prussian army occupies Saksen, beginning 2nd Silezian War
  • Aug 16 Champion of England titleholder Jack Broughton publishes 'Rules of the Ring' - earliest boxing code
  • Aug 17 Treaty of Åbo signed in Turku by Sweden and Russian Empire, ending the Russo-Swedish War (1741-1743)
  • Sep 13 Great Britain, Austria and Savoye-Sardinia sign Treaty of Worms
  • Nov 5 Coordinated scientific observations of the transit of Mercury were organized by Joseph-Nicolas Delisle