On This Day

Historical Events in 1761

  • Jan 14 Third Battle of Panipat: In one of the largest battles of the century, the mostly Muslim Afghani Durrani Empire defeats the mostly Hindu Maratha Empire in Northern India. An estimated 60,000–70,000 were killed in the fighting and about 40,000 Maratha prisoners massacred afterwards.
  • Jan 16 The British capture Pondicherry, India, from the French.
  • May 22 1st life insurance policy in North America issued in Philadelphia
  • Jun 8 British fleet occupies Belle Île off the Brittany Coast
  • Jun 10 Puritan version of "Othello" opens in Newport Rhode Island

Royal Coronation

Sep 22 Coronation of King George III of the United Kingdom and Queen Charlotte

  • Dec 16 Seven Years' War: After four-month siege, Russian army under Pyotr Rumyantsev takes Prussian fortress of Kolobrzeg (German: Kolberg).