Historical Events in 1765

Historic Event

Jan 11 Frisia bans Voltaire's "Traité sur la tolérance"

Historic Event

Jan 16 Charles Messier catalogs M41 (galactic cluster in Canis Major)

  • Mar 9 After a public campaign by the writer Voltaire, judges in Paris posthumously exonerate Jean Calas of murdering his son. Calas had been tortured and executed in 1762 on the charge, though his son had actually committed suicide.

Historic Event

Mar 22 Stamp Act passed; 1st direct British tax on American colonists, organized by Prime Minister George Grenville

  • Mar 24 Britain enacts Quartering Act, required colonists to provide temporary housing to British soldiers
  • May 3 1st North American medical college opens in Philadelphia
  • May 7 HMS Victory launched; Admiral Nelson's flagship at Trafalgar, 40 years later

Historic Invention

May 10 British Longitude Act awards clockmaker John Harrison £10,000 for the invention of a naval longitude clock [1]

  • May 18 Fire destroys a large part of Montreal, Quebec

Historic Event

May 29 Patrick Henry's historic speech against the Stamp Act, answering a cry of "Treason!" with, "If this be treason, make the most of it!"

  • Aug 14 Massachusetts colonists challenge British rule by an Elm (Liberty Tree)
  • Sep 21 Antoine de Beauterne announces he has killed the Beast of Gévaudan, but was later proved wrong by more attacks
  • Oct 7 Stamp Act Congress (First Congress of the American Colonies) convenes in New York City to devise a unified protest against new British taxation
  • Oct 19 Stamp Act Congress meets in New York City, writes the Declaration of Rights and Grievances
  • Nov 1 Stamp Act goes into effect in British colonies
  • Nov 23 People of Frederick County, Maryland, refuse to pay British Stamp tax