On This Day

Historical Events in 1769

  • Apr 22 Madame du Barry becomes King Louis XV's "official" mistress

InventionHistoric Invention

Apr 29 Scottish engineer James Watt's patent for a steam engine with a separate condenser enrolled (Patent 913)

Inventor, Engineer and Chemist James Watt
Inventor, Engineer and Chemist
James Watt
  • Jun 4 A transit of Venus is followed five hours later by a total solar eclipse, the shortest such interval in history

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 7 Daniel Boone begins exploring Bluegrass, State of Kentucky

Frontiersman Daniel Boone
Daniel Boone
  • Jul 14 The de Portolá Expedition establishes a base in California, and sets out to find the Port of Monterey (now Monterey, California)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 16 Father Junipero Serra founds Mission San Diego the 1st mission in California

Missionary Junípero Serra
Junípero Serra
  • Aug 18 A lightning strike on the Bastion of San Nazaro in Brescia, Italy, ignites 90 tonnes of gunpowder, killing 3,000 people
  • Sep 18 John Harris of Boston, Massachusetts, builds 1st spinet piano

DiscoveryHistoric Discovery

Oct 8 Captain James Cook lands in New Zealand (Poverty Bay)

Explorer James Cook
James Cook
  • Dec 12 Pope Clement XIV proclaims a universal jubilee
  • Dec 13 Dartmouth College in New Hampshire receives its charter
  • Dec 25 First Christian service in New Zealand; Mass is celebrated in Doubtless Bay by Father Paul-Antoine Léonard de Villefeix of the de Surville expedition