On This Day

Historical Events in 1769

Historic Event

Apr 13 British ship Endeavour captained by James Cook, arrives in Matavia Bay, Tahiti, with botanist Joseph Banks on board

  • Apr 22 Madame du Barry becomes French King Louis XV's "official" mistress

Historic Invention

Apr 29 Scottish engineer James Watt's patent for a steam engine with a separate condenser enrolled (Patent 913)

  • Jun 4 A transit of Venus is followed five hours later by a total solar eclipse, the shortest such interval in history

Historic Event

Jun 7 American frontiersman Daniel Boone ascends Pilot Knob, setting sight on the fertile hunting grounds of what is now known as the Bluegrass Region of the State of Kentucky [exact date disputed]

  • Jun 17 Design of Madonnina statue chosen, symbol of the city of Milan that stands atop spire of the Cathedral, designed by sculptor Giuseppe Perego [1]
  • Jul 14 The de Portolá Expedition establishes a base in California, and sets out to find the Port of Monterey (now Monterey, California)

Historic Event

Jul 16 Father Junipero Serra founds Mission San Diego the 1st mission in California

  • Aug 18 A lightning strike on the Bastion of San Nazaro in Brescia, Italy, ignites 90 tonnes of gunpowder, killing 3,000 people
  • Sep 18 John Harris of Boston, Massachusetts, builds 1st spinet piano
  • Oct 8 Captain James Cook lands in New Zealand at Poverty Bay on the East Coast of the North Island
  • Dec 12 Pope Clement XIV proclaims a universal jubilee
  • Dec 13 Dartmouth College in New Hampshire receives its charter
  • Dec 25 First Christian service in New Zealand; Mass is celebrated in Doubtless Bay by Father Paul-Antoine Léonard de Villefeix of the de Surville expedition