On This Day

Historical Events in 1770

  • Jan 1 Date of action in the opera "Madeleine"
  • Jan 13 Pierre de Beaumarchais' "Les Deux Amis" premieres in Paris
  • Jan 19 Battle of Golden Hill (Lower Manhattan)

Election of Interest

Jan 28 Frederick North becomes Prime Minister of Great Britain after Augustus FitzRoy resigns

Historic Event

Mar 5 Boston Massacre (Incident on King Street): British soldiers kill 5 men in a crowd throwing snowballs, stones and sticks at them. African American Crispus Attucks 1st to die; later held up as early black martyr. Massacre galvanizes anti-British feelings.

Appointment of Interest

Mar 31 Immanuel Kant is appointed Professor of Logic and Metaphysics at the University of Königsberg

  • Apr 12 British parliament repeals the Townshend Revenue Acts, which had fueled opposition to British rule in colonial America
  • Apr 19 Amsterdam buys Van Aerssens family 1/3 part of Suriname

Historic Discovery

Apr 19 British explorer Captain James Cook first sights Australia

  • Apr 20 Captain James Cook arrives in New South Wales
  • Apr 28 British Captain James Cook, aboard the Endeavour, lands at Botany Bay in Australia
  • May 26 The Orlov Revolt, a first attempt to revolt against the Turks before the Greek War of Independence ends in disaster for the Greeks.
  • Jun 3 Mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo founded in California
  • Jun 11 Captain James Cook discovers Great Barrier Reef off Australia
  • Jun 19 General Church of New Jerusalem established
  • Jun 19 Emanuel Swedenborg reports the completion of the Second Coming of Christ in his work True Christian Religion
  • Jun 28 Quakers open a school for blacks in Philadelphia
  • Jul 5 Battles of Chesma and Larga between the Russian and Ottoman Empires
  • Jul 6 Battle at Cesme: Russian fleet beats Turkish
  • Aug 22 James Cook's expedition lands on the east coast of Australia