On This Day

Historical Events in 1773

  • Jan 6 Massachusetts slaves petition legislature for freedom
  • Jan 12 First public museum established in north American colonies (Charlestown, SC)

Historic Discovery

Jan 17 Captain James Cook becomes 1st to cross Antarctic Circle (66° 33' S)

  • Feb 26 Construction of Walnut Street Jail is approved by the state of Pennsylvania; it will become the first experiment with the practice of solitary confinement in the United States
  • Mar 12 Jeanne Baptiste Pointe de Sable found settlement now known as Chicago
  • Mar 18 Oliver Goldsmith's "She Stoops to Conquer" premieres in London
  • Apr 27 British Parliament passes Tea Act (Boston won't like this)
  • Jun 17 Cúcuta, Colombia is founded by Juana Rangel de Cuéllar
  • Jul 20 Scottish settlers arrive at Pictou, Nova Scotia (Canada)
  • Jul 21 Pope Clemens XIV bans Jesuits
  • Jul 29 1st schoolhouse west of Allegheny Mountains completed, Schoenbrunn, Ohio
  • Jul 29 Santa Marta earthquakes destroy much of the capitol city of Santiago de los Caballeros de Guatemala, New Spain (now Antigua, Guatemala); over 500 killed instantly, and 600 more die later from resulting disease and starvation

Historic Event

Sep 11 Benjamin Franklin writes "There never was a good war or bad peace"

  • Sep 22 Benjamin Franklin publishes a hoax letter "An Edict by the King of Prussia" in the Public Advertiser, criticising Britain's colonial policies in the American colonies
  • Oct 12 America's first asylum opens for 'Persons of Insane and Disordered Minds' in Virginia

Historic Event

Oct 13 The Whirlpool Galaxy discovered by astronomer Charles Messier

  • Oct 14 The first recorded Ministry of Education, the Komisja Edukacji Narodowej (Polish for Commission of National Education), is formed in Poland
  • Oct 14 American Revolutionary War: The United Kingdom's East India Company tea ships' cargo are burned at Annapolis, Maryland

Election of Interest

Nov 5 John Hancock is elected as moderator at a Boston town meeting that resolves that anyone who supports the Tea Act is an "Enemy to America"

  • Dec 16 Boston tea party incident - Sons of Liberty protesters throw tea shipments into Boston harbour in protest against British imposed Tea Act
  • Dec 18 A skirmish at Grass Cove in Queen Charlotte Sound results in the deaths of two Māori and nine members of James Cook's expedition, New Zealand
  • Dec 26 Expulsion of tea ships from Philadelphia