On This Day

Historical Events in 1773

  • Jan 6 Massachusetts slaves petition legislature for freedom
  • Jan 12 First public museum established in north American colonies (Charlestown, SC)

DiscoveryHistoric Discovery

Jan 17 Captain James Cook becomes 1st to cross Antarctic Circle (66° 33' S)

Explorer James Cook
Explorer
James Cook
  • Feb 26 Construction of Walnut Street Jail is approved by the state of Pennsylvania; it will become the first experiment with the practice of solitary confinement in the United States
  • Mar 12 Jeanne Baptiste Pointe de Sable found settlement now known as Chicago
  • Mar 18 Oliver Goldsmith's "She Stoops to Conquer" premieres in London
  • Apr 27 British Parliament passes Tea Act (Boston won't like this)
  • Jun 17 Cúcuta, Colombia is founded by Juana Rangel de Cuéllar
  • Jul 20 Scottish settlers arrive at Pictou, Nova Scotia (Canada)
  • Jul 21 Pope Clemens XIV bans Jesuits
  • Jul 29 1st schoolhouse west of Allegheny Mountains completed, Schoenbrunn, Ohio

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 11 Benjamin Franklin writes "There never was a good war or bad peace"

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin
  • Sep 22 Benjamin Franklin publishes a hoax letter "An Edict by the King of Prussia" in the Public Advertiser, criticising Britain's colonial policies in the American colonies
  • Oct 12 America's first asylum opens for 'Persons of Insane and Disordered Minds' in Virginia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 13 The Whirlpool Galaxy discovered by astronomer Charles Messier

Astronomer Charles Messier
Astronomer
Charles Messier
  • Oct 14 The first recorded Ministry of Education, the Komisja Edukacji Narodowej (Polish for Commission of National Education), is formed in Poland.
  • Oct 14 American Revolutionary War: The United Kingdom's East India Company tea ships' cargo are burned at Annapolis, Maryland.

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 5 John Hancock is elected as moderator at a Boston town meeting that resolves that anyone who supports the Tea Act is an "Enemy to America"

Statesman John Hancock
Statesman
John Hancock
  • Dec 16 Boston tea party incident - Sons of Liberty protesters throw tea shipments into Boston harbour in protest against British imposed Tea Act
  • Dec 18 A skirmish at Grass Cove in Queen Charlotte Sound results in the deaths of two Māori and nine members of James Cook's expedition, New Zealand
  • Dec 26 Expulsion of tea ships from Philadelphia