Historical Events in 1774

  • Jan 11 Messier adds M51 (spiral galaxy in Canes Venatici) to his catalog

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 30 Captain James Cook reaches 71°10' south, 1820km from south pole (record)

Explorer James Cook
Explorer
James Cook
  • Feb 10 Andrew Becker demonstrates diving suit
  • Feb 22 British House of Lords rules authors do not have perpetual copyright

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 4 First sighting of Orion nebula (William Herschel)

Astronomer William Herschel
Astronomer
William Herschel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 5 John Hancock delivers the fourth annual Massacre Day oration, a commemoration of the Boston Massacre, and denounces the presence of British troops in Boston, enhancing Hancock's stature as a leading Patriot

Statesman John Hancock
Statesman
John Hancock
  • Mar 7 British close port of Boston to all commerce
  • Mar 20 The British parliament passes first of the Intolerable Acts: the Boston Port Act, which closed Boston harbor until colonists would pay for damages following the Boston Tea Party
  • Mar 25 British Parliament passes Boston Port Bill
  • Mar 28 Britain passes Coercive Act against Massachusetts
  • Apr 19 CW Glucks opera "Iphigenia in Aulis" premieres in Paris
  • Apr 30 Pope Clement XIV proclaims a universal jubilee for the second time

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 10 Louis XVI ascends to throne of France

King of France Louis XVI
King of France
Louis XVI
  • May 20 Britain gives Quebec, Labrador & territory north of Ohio
  • May 20 The British pass the second of the Intolerable Acts: the Massachusetts Government Act, which gave the British-appointed governor wide-ranging powers
  • May 23 Chestertown tea party occurs (tea dumped into Chester River)
  • May 28 1st Continental Congress convenes (Virginia)
  • Jun 1 Boston Port Bill: British government orders Port of Boston closed
  • Jun 2 Intolerable Acts: Amendment to original Quartering Act enacted, allowed governor in colonial America to house British soldiers in uninhabited houses, outhouses, barns, or other buildings if suitable quarters not provided.
  • Jun 11 Jews of Algiers escape attacking Spanish Army
  • Jun 13 Rhode Island becomes first colony to prohibit importation of slaves
  • Jun 16 Formation of Harrodsburg, Kentucky
  • Jun 22 British parliament accepts Quebec Act
  • Jul 4 Orangetown Resolutions adopted in the Province of New York, one of many protests against the British Parliament's Coercive Acts

/flags/united statesUnited States Declaration of Independence

Jul 12 Citizens of Carlisle, Pennsylvania, pass a symbolic declaration of independence

  • Jul 12 Cossack leader Emilian Pugachevs army occupies Kazan
  • Jul 17 Captain James Cook arrives in the New Hebrides (Vanuatu)
  • Jul 21 Russo-Turkish War, 1768-74: Russia and the Ottoman Empire sign Treaty of Kuchuk-Kainarji ending the war.
  • Aug 1 Joseph Priestley, English theologian, chemist and author discovers oxygen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 6 Founder of the Shaker Movement, Mother Ann Lee, arrives in NY

Founder of the Shakers Ann Lee
Founder of the Shakers
Ann Lee
  • Aug 10 1st Surinam newspaper (1st Wednesday Suriname) begins publishing
  • Sep 5 Twelve of the thirteen American colonies adopt a trade embargo with Britain at the first Continental Congress at Carpenters' Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  • Sep 15 Cossack pretender to the Russian throne Yemelyan Ivanovich Pugachev captured
  • Oct 14 1st Continental Congress makes Declaration of Colonial Rights in Philadelphia
  • Oct 20 American Continental Congress orders discouragement of entertainment
  • Oct 21 First display of the word "Liberty" on a flag, raised by colonists in Taunton, Massachusetts and which was in defiance of British rule in Colonial America.
  • Oct 26 First Continental Congress adjourns in Philadelphia
  • Oct 26 Minutemen organized in US colonies
  • Nov 17 First City Troop Philadelphia City Cavarly formed at Carpenter's Hall, Philadelphia - oldest US military unit still in service
  • Dec 13 First incident of American Revolution - 400 attack Ft William and Mary, New Hampshire
  • Dec 14 Portsmouth, New Hampshire militiamen successfully attack arsenal of Ft William & Mary
  • Dec 18 Empress Maria Theresa expels Jews from Prague, Bohemia and Moravia