On This Day

Historical Events in 1777

Victory in Battle

Jan 3 General George Washington's revolutionary army defeats British forces at Battle of Princeton, New Jersey

  • Jan 12 Mission Santa Clara de Asis founded in California
  • Jan 15 People of New Connecticut (Vermont) declare independence from England
  • Jan 16 Vermont declares independence from New York
  • Jan 18 San Jose in California founded
  • Jan 25 Americans drag cannon up hill of Kingsbridge Road to fight British, prompting a name change to Gun Hill Road (Bronx, New York)

Historic Event

Jan 26 Captain James Cook stops in Van Diemen's Land (now Tasmania) with Resolution, for supplies, on his 3rd trip to Pacific Ocean

  • Feb 5 Georgia becomes 1st US state to abolish both entail and primogeniture
  • Feb 12 Captain James Cook arrives at Queen Charlotte Sound, New Zealand, aboard Resolution, on his 3rd trip to Pacific Ocean

Historic Event

Feb 13 Marquis de Sade arrested without charge, imprisoned in Vincennes fortress

Historic Event

Feb 14 US Congress commissions Benjamin Lincoln a major general in the Continental Army

Historic Event

Feb 16 Charles Messier adds M53 to his catalog (globular cluster in Coma Berenice)

  • Feb 21 British ambassador Joseph Yorke demands dismissal of Governor John de Graaff for saluting US flag
  • Mar 8 Regiments from Ansbach and Bayreuth, sent to support Great Britain in the American Revolutionary War, mutiny in the town of Ochsenfurt
  • Apr 20 New York adopts new constitution as an independent state
  • Apr 26 Sybil Ludington aged 16, rides 40 miles in New York to warn her father's militia of the approach of the British
  • May 1 RB Sheridan's "School for Scandal" premieres in London
  • May 12 1st ice cream advertisement (Philip Lenzi in the NY Gazette)
  • May 13 University library at Vienna opens
  • May 16 Button Gwinnett, Georgia delegate to US Continental Congress, and signer of the Declaration of Independence, wounded in a duel with political rival Lachlan McIntosh
  • Jun 13 Leonard Norcross patents a submarine diving suit

Historic Event

Jun 14 US Continental Congress adopts the Stars & Stripes flag, designed by Francis Hopkinson, replacing the Grand Union flag

  • Jul 6 British General Burgoyne captures Fort Ticonderoga from Americans
  • Jul 7 American Revolutionary War: Battle of Hubbardton
  • Jul 8 Independent Vermont introduces a new constitution, prohibiting slavery
  • Jul 31 Marquis de Lafayette, 19, made major-general of Continental Army
  • Aug 4 Retired British cavalry officer Philip Astley establishes his riding school with performances in London, precursor of the circus
  • Aug 16 American militiamen defeat British forces at the Battle of Bennington near Vermont, during the American Revolutionary War
  • Aug 28 American Revolutionary War - Battle of Cooch's Bridge takes place near Newark, Delaware.
  • Sep 3 Flag of the United States flown in battle for the 1st time at Cooch's Bridge, Delaware, a skirmish during American Revolutionary War

Victory in Battle

Sep 11 Battle of Brandywine, Pennysylvania; Americans lose to the British, Polish soldier Casimir Pulaski saves life of George Washington

  • Sep 15 George Washington on authorisation of Congress appoints Casimire Pulaski brigadier general in Continental Army cavalry
  • Sep 19 Battle of Freeman's Farm (Bemis Heights) or 1st Battle of Saratoga

Battle of Interest

Sep 20 Battle of Paoli; British forces under Major General Charles Grey attacks Brigadier General Anthony Wayne's encampment. Claims the British gave no quarter leads to engagement becoming known as the "Paoli Massacre"

Historic Event

Sep 26 British General William Howe occupies Philadelphia during American Revolution

  • Sep 30 Continental Congress, flees to York, Pennsylvania, as British forces advance
  • Oct 4 Battle of Germantown: Gen George Washington's troops attack and are defeated by the British at Germantown, Pennsylvania
  • Oct 7 Americans beat British in Second Battle of Saratoga & Battle of Bemis Heights
  • Oct 15 Mjr James Graves Simcoe appointed commandant of Queen's Rangers (Penn)
  • Oct 17 British General John Burgoyne surrenders at Saratoga during the American Revolutionary War

Articles of Confederation

Nov 15 Articles of Confederation, the first constitution of the United States, is approved by the Continental Congress

  • Dec 2 British General Howe plots attack on Washington's army for Dec 4
  • Dec 8 Captain James Cook leaves Society Islands
  • Dec 16 Articles of Conferation (US 1st constitution) ratified by 1st state Virginia
  • Dec 17 France recognizes independence of British colonies in America
  • Dec 17 George Washington's army returns to Valley Forge, Pennsylvania
  • Dec 18 1st US national Thanksgiving Day, commemorating British General Burgoyne's surrender
  • Dec 19 Washington settles his troops at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania for the winter
  • Dec 24 Kiritimati, also called Christmas Island, is discovered by James Cook