Historical Events in 1778

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 18 Captain James Cook stumbles over Sandwich Islands (Hawaiian Islands)

Explorer James Cook
James Cook
  • Jan 20 1st American military court martial trial begins in Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • Jan 27 Piccinni's opera "Roland" premieres in Paris
  • Feb 5 Articles of Confederation ratified by 2nd state, South Carolina
  • Feb 6 Britain declares war on France
  • Feb 6 France recognizes USA, signs Treaty of Alliance in Paris, 1st US treaty
  • Feb 14 "Stars & Stripes" arrives in foreign port for 1st time (France)
  • Feb 23 Baron von Steuben joins Continental Army at Valley Forge
  • Feb 28 Rhode Island General Assembly authorizes enlistment of slaves
  • Mar 7 Captain James Cook 1st sights Oregon coast, at Yaquina Bay
  • Mar 15 Nootka Sound, Vancouver Island discovered by Captain James Cook
  • Mar 22 Captain James Cook sights Cape Flattery, now in Washington state

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 30 Playwright Voltaire crowned with laurel wreath

Enlightenment Philosopher Voltaire
Enlightenment Philosopher
  • Apr 1 New Orleans businessman Oliver Pollock creates the "$" symbol
  • May 1 American Revolution: The Battle of Crooked Billet begins in Hatboro, Pennsylvania.
  • Jun 18 British Redcoats evacuate Philadelphia

  • Jun 19 Washington's troops finally leave Valley Forge
  • Jun 24 David Rittenhouse observes a total solar eclipse in Philadelphia
  • Jun 27 Liberty Bell returns home to Philadelphia after the British departure
  • Jun 28 Battle of Monmouth, New Jersey (General Washington beats Clinton)
  • Jun 28 Mary Ludwig Hayes "Molly Pitcher" aids American patriots
  • Jul 3 British forces massacre 360 men, women and children in Wyoming, Pennsylvania
  • Jul 3 Prussia declares war on Austria
  • Jul 8 George Washington headquarters at West Point for his Continental Army

BattleDeclaration of War

Jul 10 American Revolution: Louis XVI of France declares war on the Kingdom of Great Britain

King of France Louis XVI
King of France
Louis XVI
  • Aug 3 Teatro alla Scala opens in Milan
  • Aug 9 Captain James Cook reaches Cape Prince of Wales, Bering Straits
  • Aug 26 The first recorded ascent of Triglav, the highest mountain in Slovenia.
  • Aug 31 British kill 17 Stockbridge indians in Bronx during Revolution
  • Sep 4 City of Amsterdam signs trade agreement with American rebels
  • Sep 17 1st treaty between the US & Indian tribes signed (Fort Pitt)
  • Sep 19 The Continental Congress passes the first budget of the United States.
  • Oct 3 Captain James Cook anchors at Alaska
  • Nov 11 Iroquois Indians in NY kill 40 in Cherry Valley Massacre
  • Nov 26 British explorer Captain James Cook is the first European to visit Maui in the Sandwich Islands (now Hawaii)
  • Dec 29 British troops occupy Savannah, Georgia