On This Day

Historical Events in 1780

  • Jan 3 Danish national anthem "Kong Kristian...," 1st sung

Historic Event

Jan 4 Snowstorm hits George Washington's army at Morristown, New Jersey

  • Jan 15 American Continental Congress establishes court of appeals
  • Jan 16 Battle of Cape St Vincent: British fleet under Admiral Sir George Rodney defeats Spanish squadron under Don Juan de Lángara
  • Mar 1 Pennsylvania becomes 1st US state to abolish slavery (for newborns only)
  • Mar 26 1st British Sunday newspaper appears (British Gazette & Sunday Monitor)
  • Apr 16 The University of Münster in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany is founded

Historic Discovery

May 2 William Herschel discovers 1st binary star, Xi Ursae Majoris

Historic Event

May 4 American Academy of Arts & Science founded in Boston, James Bowdoin, John and Samuel Adams founding members

  • May 4 Charles Bunbury on Diomed wins 1st Epsom Derby

Victory in Battle

May 12 American General Benjamin Lincoln surrenders Charleston to the British (Revolutionary War)

  • May 19 About midday, near-total darkness descends on New England, now known to be caused by forest fires in Canada
  • May 29 Battle of Waxhaw Creek: alleged massacre of 113 of Colonel Abraham Buford's continentals by Lieutenant Colonel Banastre Tarleton's troops after the continentals raised a white flag
  • Jun 2 Anti-Catholic demonstration attacks parliament in London
  • Jun 7 Anti-Catholic riot in London, hundreds die
  • Jun 23 American Revolution: Battle of Springfield fought in and around Springfield, New Jersey (including Short Hills, formerly of Springfield, now of Millburn Township
  • Jul 9 Denmark declares neutrality, joining First League of Armed Neutrality to protect shipping

Historic Event

Jul 10 The Comte de Rochambeau and his French force of 7,000 land at Newport, Rhode Island, to join the American Revolutionary War

  • Aug 1 Sweden declares neutrality
  • Aug 16 British decisively defeat Americans in Battle of Camden, South Carolina
  • Aug 22 HMS Resolution, without Captain James Cook, returns to England

Historic Event

Sep 21 Benedict Arnold gives British Major John André plans to West Point

  • Sep 23 British Major John Andre reveals Benedict Arnold's plot to betray West Point
  • Sep 25 Benedict Arnold joins the British
  • Oct 7 British defeated by American militia near Kings Mountain, SC
  • Oct 10 Great Hurricane of 1780 kills 20,000 to 30,000 in the Caribbean, hitting Barbados first. Atlantic's deadliest recorded hurricane.
  • Oct 16 Royalton, Vermont and Tunbridge, Vermont last major raid of the American Revolutionary War

Historic Event

Oct 25 John Hancock becomes the first Governor of Massachusetts

  • Oct 27 Samuel Williams and the first U.S. astronomical expedition to record an eclipse of the sun observes the event at Penobscot Bay
  • Nov 5 French-American force under Colonel LaBalme is defeated by Miami Chief Little Turtle
  • Dec 20 Britain declares war on Holland