On This Day

Historical Events in 1782

  • Jan 7 1st US commercial bank, Bank of North America, opens in Philadelphia
  • Jan 15 Robert Morris, Superintendent of Finance, recommends to U.S. Congress establishment of decimal coinage and a national mint
  • Feb 5 British garrison in Menorca (western Mediterranean) surrenders to French and Spanish fleet as part of the American Revolutionary War
  • Feb 13 French fleet occupies St Christopher
  • Feb 21 US Congress resolves establishment of a US mint

Historic Invention

Feb 23 Engineer James Watt's patent for a rotary motion for the steam engine (his sun-and-planet gear) is granted

  • Mar 8 Gnadenhutten Massacre - Ohio militia kills 90 Native American

Papal Visit

Mar 22 Pope Pius VI arrives in Vienna to meet with Holy Roman Emperor Joseph II to address his ecclesiastical reforms

  • Mar 23 "Les Liaisons dangereuses" by Pierre Choderlos de Laclos is published by Durand Neveu

Election of Interest

Mar 27 Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham, becomes Prime Minister of Great Britain

  • Apr 6 Rama I succeeds King Taksin of Siam (modern day Thailand), who is overthrown in a coup d'état

Battle of the Saintes

Apr 12 Battle at Les Saintes: British fleet under Admiral George Rodney defeats the French fleet under Comte de Grasse off Dominica in the West Indies. Prevents a planned French and Spanish invasion of Jamaica.

Historic Event

Apr 19 John Adams secures Dutch Republic's recognition of the United States as an independent government and house he purchased in The Hague, Netherlands became first American embassy.

  • Jun 20 Congress approves Great Seal of the United States of America with the bald eagle as its symbol
  • Jul 1 American privateers attack Lunenburg, Nova Scotia

Election of Interest

Jul 4 William Petty becomes Prime Minister of Great Britain following the death of Charles Watson-Wentworth

  • Jul 6 British-French sea battle at Negapatam (off India)

Music Premiere

Jul 16 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's opera "Die Entführung aus dem Serail" premieres in Vienna with Mozart conducting

Historic Event

Aug 2 George Washington creates Honorary Badge of Distinction

  • Aug 7 George Washington creates the Purple Heart medal (original name Badge of Military Merit) as commander of the Continental Army
  • Aug 14 Suriname forbids selling slave mothers without their babies

Battle of Interest

Aug 27 Battle of the Combahee River near Beaufort, South Carolina, American abolitionist John Laurens is killed leading the charge

  • Sep 16 Great Seal of the United States of America used for the first time
  • Nov 30 Britain signs agreement recognizing US independence
  • Dec 14 Charleston, South Carolina evacuated by the British
  • Dec 29 1st nautical almanac in US published by Samuel Stearns, Boston