On This Day

Historical Events in 1788

  • Jan 1 London's Daily Universal Registrar becomes the Times
  • Jan 1 Quakers in Pennsylvania emancipate their slaves
  • Jan 9 Connecticut becomes 5th state to ratify the US constitution
  • Jan 18 First elements of the First Fleet carrying 736 convicts from England to Australia arrives at Botany Bay to set up a penal colony
  • Jan 20 Pioneer African Baptist church organizes in Savannah, Georgia
  • Jan 24 French La PĂ©rouse expedition arrives in Botany Bay, Australia, meeting the newly arrived "First Fleet" penal colony

British Empire

Jan 26 Captain Arthur Phillip and British colonists hoist the Union Flag at Sydney Cove, New South Wales, now celebrated as Australia Day. Referred to as Invasion Day by some First Nations people.

  • Jan 28 Lord Gordon found guilty of libel of Queen of France
  • Feb 1 1st US steamboat patent issued, by Georgia to Briggs & Longstreet
  • Feb 6 Massachusetts becomes 6th state to ratify constitution
  • Feb 9 Austria declares war on Russia
  • Mar 6 The British First Fleet arrives at Australian territory of Norfolk Island to found a convict settlement
  • Mar 21 Fire destroys 856 buildings in New Orleans, Louisiana

Historic Event

Mar 21 Olaudah Equiano (aka Gustavus Vassa), a freed slave, petitions King George III and Queen Charlotte, to free enslaved Africans

  • Apr 7 1st settlement in Ohio, at Marietta
  • Apr 15 Britain, Netherlands & Prussia sign peace treaty
  • Apr 28 Maryland becomes 7th state to ratify US constitution
  • May 9 British parliament accepts abolition of slave trade
  • May 23 South Carolina becomes 8th state to ratify US constitution
  • Jun 7 French peasants stone the Army in Grenbole, an event known as the Day of the Tiles
  • Jun 11 1st British ship built on Pacific coast begun at Nootka Sound, BC
  • Jun 11 Russian explorer Gerasim Izmailov reaches Alaska

Historic Event

Jun 17 After a lengthy stay in Europe, future US President John Adams and his wife Abigail Adams return to Boston

  • Jun 21 US Constitution comes into effect when New Hampshire is the 9th state to ratify it
  • Jun 21 The population of Vizille, France, demands local parliament
  • Jun 25 Virginia becomes 10th state to ratify US constitution
  • Jul 26 New York becomes 11th state to ratify US constitution

Historic Event

Aug 8 King Louis XVI calls French States & Generals together

  • Aug 13 Prussia joins Anglo-Dutch alliance to form Triple Alliance to prevent spread of Russo-Swedish War of 1788-90
  • Aug 17 Losantville, Ohio (now Cincinnati) founded
  • Aug 22 Sierra Leone settled by British as a haven for former slaves
  • Aug 27 Jacques Neeker named as French minister of Finance
  • Dec 17 Russian army of Grigory Potemkin occupies Ocharov
  • Dec 19 Chinese troops occupy capital Thang Long Vietnam
  • Dec 21 Hue Tay Son becomes emperor Quang Trung of Vietnam
  • Dec 23 Maryland votes to cede a 10 square mile area for District of Columbia