On This Day

Historical Events in January 1788

  • Jan 1 London's Daily Universal Registrar becomes the Times
  • Jan 1 Quakers in Pennsylvania emancipate their slaves
  • Jan 9 Connecticut becomes 5th state to ratify the US constitution
  • Jan 18 First elements of the First Fleet carrying 736 convicts from England to Australia arrives at Botany Bay to set up a penal colony
  • Jan 20 Pioneer African Baptist church organizes in Savannah, Georgia
  • Jan 24 French La PĂ©rouse expedition arrives in Botany Bay, Australia, meeting the newly arrived "First Fleet" penal colony

British Empire

Jan 26 Captain Arthur Phillip and British colonists hoist the Union Flag at Sydney Cove, New South Wales, now celebrated as Australia Day. Referred to as Invasion Day by some First Nations people.

  • Jan 28 Lord Gordon found guilty of libel of Queen of France