Historical Events in 1794

  • Jan 11 U.S. Marshal Robert Forsyth is killed in Augusta, Georgia, trying to serve court papers, first US marshal to die carrying out his duties
  • Jan 13 Congress changes US flag to 15 stars & 15 stripes
  • Jan 14 Dr Jessee Bennet of Edom, Virginia, performs 1st successful Cesarean section operation in the US on his wife

Event of Interest

Feb 4 French National Convention proclaims abolition of slavery

Music Premiere

Feb 10 Joseph Haydn's 99th Symphony in E premieres

  • Feb 11 1st session of US Senate open to the public
  • Feb 14 1st US textile machinery patent granted, to James Davenport, Philadelphia
  • Feb 26 Christiansborg Castle, Copenhagen burns down
  • Feb 28 US Senate voids Pennsylvania's election of Abraham Gallatin
  • Mar 3 1st performance of Joseph Haydn's 101st Symphony in D ("The Clock") at the Hanover Rooms, in London
  • Mar 3 Richard Allen founded African Methodist Episcopal Church
  • Mar 12 Theatre Royal in London's Dury Lane opens after being rebuilt

Cotton Gin Machine

Mar 14 Eli Whitney patents the cotton gin machine revolutionizing the cotton industry in the southern US states

  • Mar 22 Congress bans US vessels from supplying slaves to other countries
  • Mar 23 Josiah Pierson patents a "cold-header" (rivet) machine

Kościuszko Returns to Poland

Mar 23 Lt-general Tadeusz Kościuszko returns to Poland

  • Mar 27 Denmark and Sweden form a neutrality compact
  • Mar 27 The United States Government establishes a permanent navy and authorizes the building of six frigates.
  • Mar 28 Allies under the prince of Coburg defeat French forces at Le Cateau
  • Mar 28 Louvre opens to the public (although officially opened since August)
  • Apr 4 Battle of Racławice, part of the Polish-Lithuanian uprising led by Tadeusz Kościuszko with a tactical Polish victory

Event of Interest

Apr 7 English chemist and theologian Joseph Priestley departs England for America on board Sansom at Gravesend

  • Apr 21 NYC formally declares coast of Ellis Island publicly owned, so they can build forts to protect NYC from British
  • Apr 30 The Battle of Boulou is fought, in which French forces defeated the Spanish under General Union.

Event of Interest

May 6 Haiti, under Toussaint Louverture, revolts against France

  • May 7 Influential Gothic romance "The Mysteries of Udolpho" is published by Ann Ratcliffe in London
  • May 17 Hard frost in southern New England
  • May 18 Battle of Tourcoing; French Republican army defeats a Habsburg coalition bear Lille, France, during War of the First Coalition
  • Jun 1 Glorious First of June; first naval battle between Britain (under Admiral Lord Howe) and France (Vice-Admiral Louis Thomas Villaret de Joyeuse) during French Revolutionary Wars. Britain gains tactical win.
  • Jun 5 US Congress passes the Neutrality Act, banning Americans from serving in foreign armed forces
  • Jun 10 Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church in Philadelphia forms
  • Jun 10 France revolutionary regime begins trials
  • Jun 16 1st stone laid at biggest Dutch grain windmill De Walvisch in Schiedam

New Settlement

Jun 23 Russian Empress Catherine II (Catherine the Great) grants Jews permission to settle in Kiev

  • Jun 24 Bowdoin College is founded in Maine, USA
  • Jun 25 French troops occupy Charleroi

Battle of Fleurus

Jun 26 Battle of Fleurus: major victory by forces of the First French Republic under General Jean-Baptiste Jourdan over the Coalition Army (Great Britain, Hanover, Dutch Republic, and Habsburgs) first use of reconnaissance balloon

  • Jun 30 Seige of Fort Recovery, Ohio, Anglo American army holds off an attack on the fort by an Indian confederacy
  • Jul 2 Second Battle of Seneffe: France-Austria
  • Jul 13 Battle of the Vosges between French forces and those of Prussia and Austria
  • Jul 17 Richard Allen organizes Philadelphia's Bethel African Meth Episcopal Church

Coup d'état

Jul 27 Maximilien Robespierre is overthrown in a coup in Paris

Execution of Maximilien Robespierre

Jul 28 French Revolutionary figure Maximilien Robespierre and 22 other leaders of "the Terror" guillotined to thunderous cheers in Paris

  • Jul 29 African Episcopal Church of St. Thomas in Philadelphia, dedicated
  • Jul 31 All Jacobijnse clubs together in Haarlem
  • Aug 1 Whiskey Rebellion begins in western Pennsylvania
  • Aug 8 Joseph Whidbey and George Vancouver lead an expedition to search for the Northwest Passage near Juneau, Alaska
  • Aug 16 Hungarian revolutionary Ignác Martinovics arrested in Vienna

Victory in Battle

Aug 20 Battle of Fallen Timbers: Major General "Mad Anthony" Wayne defeats a joint British-Native American force at Fallen Timbers, Ohio in the final battle of the Northwest Indian War

Event of Interest

Sep 21 French National Convention orders the remains of Comte de Mirabeau be removed from the Panthéon after his double-dealings with court revealed

Event of Interest

Sep 21 Jean-Paul Marat's remains are transferred to the Panthéon in Paris, with the eulogy given by the Marquis de Sade

  • Sep 27 French troops conquer Dutch fortress Fort Crèvecoeur after a short siege
  • Oct 9 French troops occupy Hertogenbosch
  • Oct 29 French troops occupy Venlo (modern south east Netherlands)

Event of Interest

Oct 31 John Dalton's first lecture to Manchester Literary/Philosophical Society

  • Nov 3 French troops conquer Maastricht
  • Nov 7 French troops conquer Nijmegen
  • Nov 9 Russian troops occupy Warsaw
  • Nov 19 Jakobin Club forms in Paris
  • Nov 19 Jay Treaty, first US extradition treaty, signed with Great Britain
  • Nov 21 Honolulu Harbor discovered
  • Nov 22 Strasbourg Alsace-Lorraine, prohibits circumcision and wearing of beards
  • Dec 8 1st issue of Herald of Rutland, VT published
  • Dec 15 Revolutionary Tribunal abolished in France
  • Dec 30 French troops conquer Grave Neth