On This Day

Historical Events in 1799

Historic Event

Jan 9 British Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger introduces income tax to raise funds for the war against Napoleon

  • Jan 10 Friedrich von Schiller's "Die Piccolomini" premieres in Weimar

Contract of Interest

Jan 14 Eli Whitney receives government contract for 10,000 muskets

  • Jan 14 King of Naples flees before advancing French armies
  • Jan 17 Maltese patriot Dun Mikiel Xerri, along with a number of other patriots, is executed
  • Jan 25 1st US patent for a seeding machine, Eliakim Spooner, Vermont
  • Feb 9 USS Constellation captures French frigate Insurgents off Nevis, W I
  • Feb 13 1st US law regulating insurance passed by Massachusetts legislature
  • Feb 15 1st US printed ballots authorized, Pennsylvania
  • Feb 25 1st federal forestry legislation authorizes purchase of timber land
  • Feb 25 US Congress passes 1st federal quarantine legislation
  • Mar 2 Congress standardizes US weights & measures

Victory in Battle

Mar 6 Napoleon Bonaparte captures city of Jaffa, Palestine, after a 5 day siege, defeating the Ottoman Empire

  • Mar 7 The Royal Institution of Great Britain founded; dedicated to scientific research and education.
  • Mar 12 Austria declares war on France
  • Mar 19 Joseph Haydn's "Die Schöpfung" premieres in Vienna
  • Mar 26 Napoleon captures Jaffa, Palestine
  • Mar 28 New York State abolishes slavery
  • Mar 29 New York passes a law aimed at gradually abolishing slavery in the state
  • Apr 16 Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Mount Tabor - Napoleon drives Ottoman Turks across the River Jordan near Acre
  • Apr 20 Friedrich von Schiller's "Wallensteins Tod" premieres in Weimar
  • May 4 Fourth Anglo-Mysore War: The Battle of Seringapatam: The siege of Seringapatam ends when the city is assaulted and the Tipu Sultan killed by the besieging British army, under the command of General George Harris.
  • May 22 Napoleon makes statement in support of re-establishing Jerusalem for Jews

Historic Expedition

Jun 5 Naturalists Alexander von Humboldt and Aimé Bonpland set sail in the Pizarro from A Coruña and begin their 5 year Latin American expedition

  • Jun 22 Britain and Russia decide to invade Batavian Republic
  • Jul 7 Ranjit Singh's men take up their positions outside Lahore

Rosetta Stone

Jul 15 The Rosetta Stone is found in the Egyptian village of Rosetta by French Captain Pierre-François Bouchard during Napoleon's Egyptian Campaign

  • Jul 25 French-Egyptian forces under Napoleon I beat Turks at Battle of Abukir
  • Aug 13 British fleet under Lord Seymour overthrows Suriname
  • Aug 23 Napoleon leaves Egypt for France en route to seize power.
  • Aug 27 British invasion army lands in North Holland
  • Aug 30 Batavian fleet surrenders to British
  • Sep 1 Bank of Manhattan Company opens in NYC (forerunner to Chase Manhattan)
  • Oct 2 Duke of York & Russians capture Alkmaar in Netherlands
  • Oct 6 Battle of Castricum: Franco-Dutch army beats British-Russian army
  • Oct 9 Sinking of British frigate HMS Lutine, with the loss of 240 men and cargo worth £1,200,000 off Dutch coast
  • Oct 10 Convention of Alkmaar: British-Russian invasion army departs Holland
  • Oct 22 Russia leaves second anti-French Coalition
  • Nov 9 Napoleon Bonaparte pulls off a coup and becomes the dictator of France under the title of First Consul
  • Nov 12 Andrew Ellicott makes the first known record of a meteor shower observation in the U.S, from a ship off the coast of Florida Keys
  • Dec 10 Metric system first adopted in France

Historic Event

Dec 18 George Washington's body interred at Mount Vernon