On This Day

Historical Events in 1801

United Kingdom Forms

Jan 1 The Irish Parliament votes to join the Kingdom of Great Britain, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

  • Jan 1 The dwarf planet Ceres is discovered by Italian monk Giuseppe Piazzi

Appointment of Interest

Jan 10 William Henry Harrison is appointed as the first governor of the Indiana Territory

  • Feb 9 France & Austria sign Peace of Luneville
  • Feb 27 Washington, D.C. placed under Congressional jurisdiction
  • Mar 3 1st US Jewish governor, David Emanuel, takes office in Georgia

President Inaugurated

Mar 4 Thomas Jefferson is the first US President to be inaugurated in Washington, D.C.

  • Mar 7 Massachusetts enacts first state voter registration law
  • Mar 8 British drive French forces from Abukir, Egypt
  • Mar 10 First official census in Great Britain, revealing a population of approximately 10 million

Election of Interest

Mar 14 Henry Addington becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom after his friend William Pitt the Younger resigns after being unable to persuade King George III of the need for Catholic Emancipation

  • Mar 24 Aleksandr Pavlovich Romanov becomes Tsar Alexander I of Russia

Battle of Copenhagen

Apr 2 Napoleonic Wars: The British led by Horatio Nelson destroy the Danish fleet in the naval Battle of Copenhagen

  • Apr 8 Soldiers riot in Bucharest, kill 128 Jews
  • Apr 11 Johann von Schiller's "Die Jungfrau von Orleans" premieres in Leipzig
  • Apr 24 1st performance of Joseph Haydn's oratorio "Die Jahreszeiten" (The Seasons)
  • May 10 First Barbary War: The Barbary pirates of Tripoli declare war on the United States of America (1st US foreign war)
  • Jun 6 Peace of Badajoz: Spain-Portugal
  • Jun 10 Tripoli declares war on US for refusing tribute
  • Jul 6 Battle at Algeciras: French fleet beats British

Historic Event

Jul 7 Toussaint Louverture declares Haitian independence

  • Jul 11 French astronomer Jean-Louis Pons discovers his 1st comet
  • Jul 12 Second Battle of Algeciras: British fleet beats French and Spanish (six days after losing the 1st Battle of Algeciras)
  • Jul 20 Elisha Brown Jr presses a 1,235 pound cheese ball at his farm
  • Oct 1 Britain & France sign Preliminary of London
  • Nov 10 Kentucky outlaws duelling
  • Nov 16 First edition of New York Evening Post