On This Day

Historical Events in 1805

  • Jan 11 Michigan Territory organizes
  • Feb 15 Harmony Society is officially formed.
  • Mar 3 Louisiana-Missouri Territory forms

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Apr 7 Premiere of Ludwig van Beethoven's "Eroica" (conducted by himself)

DiscoveryHistoric Expedition

Apr 7 Lewis and Clark Expedition leaves Fort Maden beginning their journey to the Pacific Ocean

Interpreter and Guide Sacagawea
Interpreter and Guide
  • Apr 27 US Marines attack shores of Tripoli
  • May 4 Henry C Overing buys 80 acres of Throggs Neck in the Bronx
  • May 26 Lewis & Clark first sight the Rocky Mountains

CrownRoyal Coronation

May 26 Napoleon Bonaparte is crowned King of Italy

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Jun 4 Tripoli forced to conclude peace with US after war over tribute
  • Jun 5 1st recorded tornado in "Tornado Alley" (Southern Illinois)
  • Jun 10 First Barbary War: Yussif Karamanli signs a treaty ending hostilities with the United States
  • Jun 21 Great Stone Face, or the Profile found in New Hampshire
  • Jul 8 American Bill Richmond knocks out Jack Holmes, Kilburn Wells, England
  • Jul 26 Naples/Calabria struck by Earthquake; about 26,000 die
  • Sep 4 1st edition of Batavian State Courier published

  • Sep 30 Napoleon Bonaparte's army draws into the Rhine
  • Oct 14 Battle of Elchingen, France defeats Austria

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Oct 21 Battle of Trafalgar: British Admiral Horatio Nelson defeats combined French and Spanish fleet. Nelson shot and killed during battle.

British Admiral Horatio Nelson
British Admiral
Horatio Nelson
  • Oct 23 Sailing ship "Aeneus" sinks off Newfoundland killing 340
  • Nov 7 Lewis and Clark Expedition first sights the Pacific Ocean at the mouth of the Columbia River
  • Nov 11 Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Dürenstein - 8000 French troops attempted to slow the retreat of a vastly superior Russian and Austrian force.
  • Nov 16 Battle at Schongrabern: Russian army stop French
  • Nov 18 30 women meet at Mrs Silas Lee's home in Wiscasset, Maine, organizes Female Charitable Society, first woman's club in America
  • Nov 19 Lewis & Clark expedition reaches the Pacific Ocean, first European Americans to cross the west
  • Nov 20 Ludwig van Beethoven's "Fidelio", his only opera, premieres in Vienna
  • Nov 26 Official opening of Thomas Telford's Pontcysyllte Aqueduct, carrying the Llangollen canal 126 feet above the River Dee
  • Dec 2 Napoleon defeats Russians & Austrians at Austerlitz
  • Dec 9 Comet 3D/1805 V1 (Biela) approaches within 0.0366 AUs of Earth
  • Dec 26 France & Austria signs Peace of Pressburg
  • Dec 26 Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts established, Philadelphia
  • Dec 31 End of French Republican calendar; France returns to Gregorianism