Historical Events in 1806

Historic Event

Jan 1 Napoléon Bonaparte abolishes the French Republican calendar after 12 years of use

  • Jan 8 Battle of Blaauwberg: British forces attack French vassal, the Batavian Republic near Cape Town, modern day South Africa

Historic Event

Jan 9 Admiral Viscount Horatio Nelson receives a state funeral and is interred in St Paul's Cathedral, London

  • Jan 10 Dutch in Capetown surrender to British
  • Jan 12 French evacuate Vienna
  • Jan 19 United Kingdom re-occupies the Cape of Good Hope following victory in the Battle of Blaauwberg over French vassal, the Batavian Republic. Establishes British rule in South Africa.
  • Jan 30 Prussia takes possession of Hanover
  • Jan 30 The original Lower Trenton Toll Bridge, which spans the Delaware River between Morrisville, Pennsylvania and Trenton, New Jersey, is opened. A later bridge opened in 1935 is also known as the Trenton Makes - the World Takes Bridge.

Election of Interest

Feb 11 William Grenville becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom following the death of William Pitt the Younger

  • Mar 29 Construction is authorized of the Great National Pike, better known as the Cumberland Road, becoming the first United States federal highway
  • Apr 5 Isaac Quintard patents apple cider

Historic Event

May 30 Future US President Andrew Jackson kills Charles Dickinson in a duel after Dickinson accused Jackson's wife of bigamy

  • Jun 5 1st trotter to break 3 minute mile (Yankee)
  • Jun 5 Batavian Republic becomes Kingdom of Holland
  • Jun 24 British under Commodore Popham and Colonel Beresford reach Buenos Aires
  • Jun 27 Buenos Aires captured by British
  • Jul 3 Michael Keens exhibits 1st large-scale cultivated strawberry—a large fruit strawberry, called the Keen Seedling
  • Jul 10 The Vellore Mutiny is the first instance of a mutiny by Indian sepoys against the British East India Company
  • Jul 15 Zebulon Pike begins his journey to explore the American Southwest
  • Aug 6 Holy Roman Empire ends; it was neither holy, Roman, nor an empire. Francis II renounces the title, becoming Emperor of Austria.
  • Sep 2 A side of Rossberg Peak collapses into Goldau Valley Switzerland, kills 500
  • Oct 7 Carbon paper patented in London by inventor Ralph Wedgwood
  • Oct 8 British forces lay siege to French port of Boulogne using Congreve rockets, invented by Sir William Congreve
  • Oct 9 Prussia declares war on France
  • Oct 14 Battle of Auerstadt-French beat Prussians
  • Oct 17 Former leader of the Haitian Revolution, Emperor Jacques I of Haiti is assassinated
  • Oct 27 The French Army enters in Berlin
  • Nov 15 1st US college magazine, Yale Literary Government, publishes 1st issue
  • Nov 15 Explorer Zebulon Pike sights Pikes Peak in Colorado
  • Nov 21 Decree of Berlin: Emperor Napoleon I bans all trade with Britain

Theater Premiere

Dec 29 Thomas Dibdin's pantomime "Harlequin and Mother Goose" starring Joseph Grimaldi, in his most famous clown performance, opens at the Covent Garden Theatre, London