On This Day

Historical Events in 1811

  • Jan 2 US Sen Thomas Pickering is 1st senator censured (revealed confidential documents communicated by the president of the US)
  • Jan 8 Louisiana slave revolt by Charles Deslondes at German Coast
  • Jan 9 1st Women's Golf Tournament held
  • Jan 10 Louisiana slaves rebel in 2 parishes
  • Feb 2 Russian settlers establish Ft Ross trading post, north of San Francisco

Appointment of Interest

Feb 5 Prince George, Prince of Wales, later George IV, is appointed as Prince-Regent after his father King George III is recognized as insane due to mental illness

  • Feb 11 President Madison prohibits trade with Britain for 3rd time in 4 years
  • Feb 20 Austria declares bankruptcy
  • Mar 1 Egyptian king Muhammad Ali Pasha oversees ceremonial murder of 500
  • Mar 1 French Civil Code of Criminal law accepted by Netherlands Mamelukes in Cairo's Citadel
  • Mar 25 Percy Bysshe Shelley is expelled from the University of Oxford for his publication of the pamphlet The Necessity of Atheism
  • Apr 12 1st US colonists on Pacific coast arrive at Cape Disappointment, Washington
  • May 14 Paraguay gains independence from Spain (National Day)
  • May 16 Peninsular War: Allies defeat French at Albuera
  • May 18 Battle of Las Piedras: The first great military triumph of the revolution of the Río de la Plata in Uruguay lead by Jose Artigas

Venezuela Declares Independence

Jul 5 Venezuelan Declaration of Independence: 7 provinces declare themselves independent of Spain

Historic Publication

Jul 11 Italian scientist Amedeo Avogadro publishes his memoir on the molecular content of gases

  • Jul 27 Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, Spanish Catholic priest, and leader Mexican independence, defrocked and excommunicated by the church
  • Jul 30 Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, leader of the Mexican insurgency, is executed after being found guilty of treason by the Spanish military in Chihuahua, Mexico

Victory in Battle

Sep 18 British East India Company force led by Baron Minto conquers Java, part of the Dutch East Indies, Stamford Raffles appointed lieutenant governor

Historic Event

Oct 6 French emperor Napoleon Bonaparte visits Utrecht

  • Oct 11 The Juliana, 1st steam-powered ferryboat, begins operation

Historic Event

Oct 28 First known purchase of Jane Austen's novel "Sense and Sensibility" by the Prince Regent (later George IV), a fan

  • Oct 29 1st Ohio River steamboat leaves Pittsburgh for New Orleans
  • Nov 5 El Salvador's 1st battle against Spain for independence

Victory in Battle

Nov 7 Battle of Tippecanoe: Gen. William Henry Harrison defeats the Native Americans of the Tecumesh Confederation

  • Nov 11 Cartagena Colombia declares independence from Spain

Coup d'état

Nov 15 José Miguel Carrera takes control of the Chilean government in a coup d’état becoming the country's first President

  • Dec 16 Earthquake hits New Madrid, Missouri, causing widespread damage
  • Dec 26 A theater fire in Richmond, Virginia kills the Governor of Virginia George William Smith and the president of the First National Bank of Virginia Abraham B. Venable.