On This Day

Historical Events in 1814

  • Jan 1 Field marshal Blucher's troops cross the Rhine at Kaub

Historic Event

Jan 2 Lord Byron completes "The Corsair"

  • Jan 14 King of Denmark cedes Norway to King of Sweden by treaty of Kiel
  • Jan 22 1st Knights Templar grand encampment in US held in New York City
  • Jan 28 Stendahl's 1st book is published
  • Jan 29 War of the Sixth Coalition: Russia and Prussia are defeated by France in the Battle of Brienne
  • Jan 31 Gervasio Antonio de Posadas becomes Supreme Director of Argentina.
  • Feb 1 Lord Byron's "Corsair" sells 10,000 copies on day of publication
  • Feb 1 Volcano Mayon on Luzon Philippines erupts killing 1,200

Victory in Battle

Feb 10 Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Champaubert, the French beat the Russians

  • Feb 11 Norway's independence proclaimed
  • Feb 17 Battle of Mormant: French Imperial army defeat Russian Austrian forces (War of the Sixth Coalition)
  • Feb 18 The Battle of Montereau; victory of French under Napoleon Bonaparte against Austrians and Württembergers under the King of Württemberg.
  • Feb 25 Australia's first currency - the holey dollar introduced, made of Spanish 'pieces of eight' with the centers stamped out, for the colony of New South Wales [1]

Music Premiere

Feb 27 Ludwig van Beethoven's 8th Symphony in F premieres

  • Mar 7 Napoleon I of France wins the Battle of Craonne against combined Russian and Prussian force in northern France
  • Mar 20 Prince Willem Frederik becomes monarch of Netherlands
  • Mar 25 Netherlands Bank established

Victory in Battle

Mar 27 Battle at Horseshoe Bend: General Andrew Jackson defeats the Red Sticks, part of the Creek Indian tribe near Dadeville, Alabama

  • Mar 30 Napoleonic Wars: Sixth Coalition forces march into Paris after defeating Napoleon
  • Mar 30 Joachim Murat issues the Rimini Declaration which would later inspire Italian Unification
  • Mar 31 Forces allied against Napoleon capture Paris
  • Apr 4 Napoleon abdicates for the first time in favour of his son
  • Apr 5 Netherlands Bank issues its 1st banknotes
  • Apr 9 Elias Canneman (L) resigns as minister of Finance of the Netherlands
  • Apr 11 Napoleon Bonaparte abdicates unconditionally and he is exiled to the island of Elba in the Mediterranean

Historic Event

Apr 26 King Louis XVIII lands at Calais from England

  • May 4 Bourbon reign restored in France
  • May 4 King Ferdinand VII of Spain signs the Decree of the 4th of May, returning Spain to absolutism
  • May 5 British attack Fort Ontario, Oswego, New York
  • May 17 Denmark cedes Norway to Sweden (National Day)
  • May 17 Norwegian constitution passed by constituent assembly at Eidsvoll
  • May 17 Occupation of Monaco changes from French to Austrian
  • May 30 Napoleonic Wars: War of the Sixth Coalition - the Treaty of Paris (1814) is signed returning French borders to their 1792 extent.
  • Jun 22 1st match at the present Lord's, MCC v Herefordshire
  • Jul 3 Americans capture Fort Erie, Canada (War of 1812)
  • Jul 5 Americans defeat British and Canadians at Chippewa, Ontario
  • Jul 7 Walter Scott's novel "Waverley" published

Historic Publication

Jul 17 Matthew Flinders publishes "A Voyage to Terra Australis", detailing his circumnavigation of Australia, first to name the continent Australia. He dies a day later. [1]

  • Jul 18 British capture Prairie du Chien (Wisconsin)
  • Jul 25 Battle of Niagara Falls (Lundy's Lane); Americans defeat British

Historic Event

Jul 25 English engineer George Stephenson introduces his first steam locomotive, a travelling engine designed for hauling coal on the Killingworth wagonway named Blücher

  • Aug 1 Dutch King Willem I accepts blame in Southern defeat

Historic Event

Aug 7 Pope Pius VII reinstates the Society of Jesus (Jesuits)

  • Aug 8 Peace negotiations begin in Ghent, Belgium
  • Aug 13 Anglo-Dutch Treaty: Cape of Good Hope formally ceded to the British and transporting of slaves prohibited
  • Aug 24 British forces capture Washington, D.C. and destroy many landmarks (War of 1812)
  • Aug 25 British forces destroy Library of Congress, containing 3,000 books (War of 1812)
  • Sep 5 -15] Battle of Masurische Meren: Germans chase Russians out of East Prussia
  • Sep 11 Begun on the 6th Sept, Americans defeat British at Battle of Plattsburgh during War of 1812
  • Sep 11 Battle of Lake Champlain, NY; American Navy defeats British
  • Sep 12 Battle of North Point fought near Baltimore during War of 1812

Fiery Birth for Star Spangled Banner

Sep 14 Francis Scott Key pens the poem "Defence of Fort M'Henry", later known as "The Star-Spangled Banner" while witnessing the bombardment of Fort McHenry from a ship in Baltimore harbor

  • Sep 20 "Star Spangled Banner" published as a song, lyrics by Francis Scott Key, tune by John Stafford Smith
  • Oct 1 Opening of the Congress of Vienna, redraws Europe's political map after the defeat of Napoléon Bonaparte

Victory in Battle

Oct 1 Battle of Rancagua begins; Spanish army defeats rebel Chilean army, ending the Chilean Vieja

  • Oct 17 A Beer Flood occurs in London killing nine.
  • Oct 23 One of the first modern plastic surgeries in the west performed by Joseph Carpue on a soldier's nose in England using Indian techniques
  • Oct 29 "Demologos", 1st steam-powered warship, is launched in New York for the US Navy
  • Nov 1 Congress of Vienna opens to re-draw the European political map after the defeat of France, in the Napoleonic Wars
  • Nov 7 1st sitting of States-general in Hague
  • Nov 28 The Times of London first printed by automatic, steam powered presses built by German inventors Friedrich Koenig and Andreas Friedrich Bauer - makes newspapers available to a mass audience
  • Dec 14 The Battle of Lake Borgne in Louisiana: British victory over the United States
  • Dec 22 Samuel Marsden of the Church Missionary Society arrives in the Bay of Islands, New Zealand to establish the country's first mission station; Sheep, cattle, horses and poultry are introduced

Treaty of Ghent

Dec 24 Treaty of Ghent signed, ending the War of 1812 between the United States, the United Kingdom and their allies

  • Dec 25 Reverend Samuel Marsden of the Church Missionary Society holds the first Christian service in New Zealand on land, at Rangihoua
  • Dec 27 Destruction of schooner Carolina, the last of Commodore Daniel Patterson's makeshift fleet that fought a series of delaying actions that contributed to Andrew Jackson's victory at the Battle of New Orleans.