Historical Events in 1815

  • Jan 3 France, the United Kingdom, and Austria form an alliance against Russia and Prussia
  • Jan 8 Battle of New Orleans (War of 1812); the war had ended on 24th December 1814 but none of the combatants knew
  • Jan 15 War of 1812: the USS President, an American frigate, is captured by four British frigates

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 30 Burned US Library of Congress re-established with Thomas Jefferson's 6,500 volumes

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson
  • Feb 3 World's first commercial cheese factory established, in Switzerland
  • Feb 6 New Jersey issues 1st US railroad charter (John Stevens)
  • Feb 13 The Cambridge Union Society is founded.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 26 Napoleon Bonaparte and his supporters leave Elba to start a 100 day re-conquest of France

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Mar 1 Sunday observance in Netherlands regulated by law
  • Mar 2 Signing of Kandyan treaty by British invaders and Sri Lankan King
  • Mar 3 US declares war on Algiers for taking US prisoners & demanding tribute
  • Mar 16 Willem I proclaimed King of the Netherlands, including Belgium
  • Mar 20 Napoleon enters Paris after escape from Elba, begins 100-day rule
  • Mar 24 Handel & Haydn Society of Boston founded
  • Apr 5 Eruption of Tambora volcano (Sumbawa Java)
  • Apr 6 British militia shoots prisoners, 100's killed
  • Apr 10 Austria declares war on Kingdom of Naples
  • Apr 10 Mount Tambora in Indonesia experiences a cataclysmic eruption, one of the most powerful in history, killing around 71,000 people and causing a global volcanic winter
  • May 3 Battle at Tolentino: Austria beats King Joachim of Naples
  • May 16 The Governor of New South Wales, Lachlan Macquarie, officially names the town of Blackheath in the upper Blue Mountains
  • May 24 George Evans discovers Lachlan River, Australia
  • Jun 1 Napoleon Bonaparte swears fidelity to the Constitution of France
  • Jun 8 39 German states unite under Act of Confederation
  • Jun 9 End of the Congress of Vienna: New European political situation is set.
  • Jun 16 Battle at Ligny: French army under Napoleon beats Prussia
  • Jun 16 Battle at Quatre-Bras: allies strike French
  • Jun 17 Stephen Decatur conquers Algerian frigate Mashouda
  • Jun 18 Battle of Waterloo; Napoleon and France defeated by British forces under Wellington and Prussian troops under Blucher
  • Jun 22 2nd abdication of Napoleon (after Waterloo)
  • Jun 30 US naval hero Stephen Decatur ends attacks by Algerian pirates
  • Jul 9 1st natural gas well in US is discovered

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 9 King Louis XVIII leaves Ghent for France

King of France Louis XVIII
King of France
Louis XVIII

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 9 Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord takes office as the first Prime Minister of France

Politician and Diplomat Talleyrand
Politician and Diplomat
Talleyrand
  • Jul 15 Napoleon surrenders to Captain Frederick Maitland of HMS Bellerophon at Rochefort after his earlier defeat at the Battle of Waterloo
  • Jul 15 1st flat horse race held at English race track Cheltenham on Nottingham Hill
  • Aug 6 US flotilla ends piracy by Algiers, Tunis & Tripoli
  • Aug 9 Napoleon Bonaparte sets sail for exile on St Helena on board British ship the Northumberland
  • Sep 21 King Willem I takes oath in Brussels
  • Sep 26 Russia, Prussia and Austria sign the Holy Alliance
  • Sep 26 Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord resigns as Prime Minister of France
  • Sep 28 Joachim Murats fleet sails from Corsica to Naples
  • Sep 29 King Willem I forms Dutch Order of the Lion
  • Oct 8 Joachim Murat's forces land at Pizzo, Italy
  • Oct 12 Ex-king Joachim Murat of Naples sentenced to death
  • Oct 15 Napoleon Bonaparte arrives on island of St Helena to begin his exile
  • Oct 31 Cornishman Sir Humphrey Davy patents miner's safety lamp
  • Nov 20 2nd Treaty of Paris: France & her allies agree France pay indemnities after Battle of Waterloo, ending Napoleonic Wars
  • Nov 20 Russia, Prussia, Austria and England signs Alliance "for the maintenance of peace in Europe" same day as Treaty of Paris
  • Nov 27 City of Kraków (Poland) declared a free republic state by the Congress of Vienna
  • Nov 27 Adoption of the Constitution of the Kingdom of Poland
  • Dec 5 Foundation of Maceió in Brazil.
  • Dec 15 Rossini gets assignment for Il barbiere di Siviglia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 23 "Emma" By Jane Austen by published by John Murray in London

Novelist Jane Austen
Novelist
Jane Austen