On This Day

Historical Events in 1818

  • Jan 1 Official reopening of the White House

Historic Publication

Jan 1 Mary Shelley's "Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus" is published anonymously by the small London publishing house of Lackington, Hughes, Harding, Mavor, & Jones

Historic Event

Jan 2 Lord Byron completes "Childe Harold's Pilgrimage" (4th canto)

  • Jan 2 The British Institution of Civil Engineers is founded.
  • Jan 21 Keats writes his poem "On a Lock of Milton's Hair"

Historic Event

Jan 30 John Keats composes his sonnet "When I Have Fears"

  • Feb 5 Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte ascends to the thrones of Sweden and Norway
  • Feb 7 1st successful US educational magazine "Academician" begins (NYC)
  • Feb 12 Chile gains independence from Spain
  • Feb 17 Baron Karl von Drais de Sauerbrun patents "draisine" (early bicycle)

Victory in Battle

Mar 16 Second Battle of Cancha Rayada - Spanish forces defeat Chileans under José de San Martín

  • Mar 18 US Congress approves 1st pensions for government service
  • Apr 4 Congress decides on the US flag: 13 red & white stripes & 20 stars
  • Apr 5 In the Battle of Maipú, Chile's independence movement - led by Bernardo O'Higgins and José de San Martín - win a decisive victory over Spain, leaving 2,000 Spaniards and 1,000 Chilean patriots dead.

Victory in Battle

Apr 7 General Andrew Jackson conquers Spanish Fort San Marcos (St Marks), in Spanish Florida during his pursuit of the Native American Seminole Tribe, in what would become known as the First Seminole War

  • Apr 14 US Medical Corps forms
  • Apr 16 Senate ratifies Rush-Bagot amendment (unarmed US-Canada border)

Historic Event

Apr 20 Napoleon Bonaparte bids emotional farewell to his old guard at Palace of Fontainebleau

  • Apr 21 Franz Grillparzer's "Sappho" premieres in Vienna

Historic Event

Apr 28 US President James Monroe proclaims naval disarmament on Great Lakes and Lake Champlain

  • May 4 Netherlands & Britain sign treaty against illegal slave handling
  • May 24 General Andrew Jackson captures Pensacola, Florida
  • May 28 Walk-in-the-Water, 1st steam vessel to sail Lake Erie launched
  • Jun 3 Maratha Wars between British and Maratha Confederacy in India ends

Music History

Jun 10 Pesaro opera theater opens with Gioachino Rossini's "La gaza ladra"

  • Jul 11 English poet John Keats writes "In the Cottage Where Burns is Born", "Lines Written in the Highlands", and "Gadfly"
  • Sep 7 Carl III of Sweden-Norway is crowned king of Norway, in Trondheim
  • Sep 23 Border demarcation markers for Moresnet formally installed.
  • Sep 30 Congress of Aken: Russia, Austria, Prussia, France & England
  • Oct 8 Jack Broughton designed padded gloves first used in a competitive boxing match between 2 unnamed English boxers at Aix-la-Chapelle in France
  • Oct 9 Congress of Aken returns to France from Libya
  • Oct 19 US Government and Chickasaw Indians sign a treaty
  • Oct 20 49th parallel forms as border between US & Canada
  • Oct 20 US and Britain agree to joint control of Oregon country

Music Concert

Oct 24 Felix Mendelssohn, aged 9, performs his first public concert in Berlin

  • Nov 21 Russia's Tsar Alexander I petitions for a Jewish state in Palestine
  • Dec 3 Illinois becomes 21st state USA (Admission day)
  • Dec 24 Christmas carol "Silent Night" composed by Franz Xaver Gruber is first sung at St Nicholas parish church in Oberndorf, Austria
  • Dec 25 1st known Christmas carol ("Silent Night, Holy Night" - "Stille Nacht, Heilige Nacht) sung (Austria)
  • Dec 25 Handel's "Messiah", premieres in the US in Boston, performed by The Handel & Haydn Society