On This Day

Historical Events in 1819

  • Jan 16 Godert Alexander Gerard Philip, Baron van der Capellen, becomes Governor-General of Dutch East Indies

Historic Event

Jan 25 University of Virginia chartered by Commonwealth of Virginia, with Thomas Jefferson one of its founders

Historic Discovery

Feb 19 British explorer William Smith discovers the South Shetland Islands, and claims them in the name of King George III

  • Feb 22 The Adams–Onís Treaty between Spain and the United States is signed, ceding Florida to the US and defining the boundary between the US and New Spain

Music Premiere

Feb 28 1st public performance of a Franz Schubert's song "Schäfers Klageleid"

  • Mar 2 Territory of Arkansas organized
  • Mar 2 US passed its 1st immigration law

Welcome Shoppers, But No Whistling Please

Mar 20 London’s famous Burlington Arcade opens, the world’s 1st shopping arcade

  • Apr 2 1st successful agricultural journal ("American Farmer") first publishes
  • Apr 26 Odd Fellows Lodge forms
  • May 21 1st bicycles (swift walkers) in US introduced in NYC

'Ship in Distress' Sails Into History Books

May 22 The SS Savannah sets sail from Savanah Harbor in Georgia on an historic journey to become the 1st steam propelled vessel to cross the Atlantic

  • Jun 12 Dutch colonial troops driven out of Palembang, Sumatra
  • Jun 19 HMS Kite chases the steamship SS Savannah on its historic voyage across the Atlantic for 3 hours off the coast of Ireland believing it to be on fire. Unable to catch the steamship HMS Kite fires warning shots forcing it to stop and be inspected to the amazement of the British.
  • Jun 20 The SS Savannah reaches Cork in Ireland after a 29 day and 11 hour voyage from Savannah, Georgia to become the 1st steamship to cross the Atlantic or any other ocean

Historic Publication

Jun 23 First editions of "The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent." by Washington Irving released, featuring story "Rip Van Winkle"

  • Jul 3 1st savings bank in US (Bank of Savings in NYC) opens its doors

Historic Event

Jul 4 William Herschel makes last telescopic observation of 1819 comet

Historic Event

Jul 16 Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen sets sail to explore Antarctica for Tsar Alexander I

  • Aug 2 1st parachute jump in US by Frenchman Louis-Charles Guille over Jersey City
  • Aug 6 Norwich University is founded in Vermont as the first private military school in the United States
  • Aug 7 Battle of Boyacá; Bolívar defeats Spanish in Colombia
  • Aug 16 Peterloo Massacre, Manchester, England: cavalry charges demonstrators, 15 people killed and 400–700 injured
  • Aug 17 The Church Missionary Society establishes New Zealand's second mission station at Kerikeri
  • Aug 25 Paris Salon opens with Théodore Géricault’s painting "Raft of the Medusa" causing a sensation
  • Sep 6 Thomas Blanchard patents lathe
  • Sep 17 First whaling ship arrives in Hawaii
  • Oct 23 1st ship sails through the Erie Canal from Rome, New York to Utica, New York
  • Nov 4 Māori Chiefs Hongi Hika and Rewa sell 13,000 acres (5260 hectares) at Kerikeri to the Church Missionary Society for 48 felling axes, New Zealand
  • Dec 14 Alabama admitted to Union as 22nd state
  • Dec 17 Congress of Angostura establishes Colombia's independence from Spain