Historical Events in 1820

  • Jan 12 Astronomical Society of London (now the Royal Astronomical Society) founded in England
  • Jan 28 Russian expedition led by Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen and Mikhail Lazarev discover the continent of Antarctica
  • Jan 30 British explorer Edward Bransfield aboard Williams sights Trinity Peninsula, Antarctica, claiming it for Britain
  • Feb 6 1st organized emigration of blacks back to Africa (NY to Sierra Leone)
  • Feb 6 US population announced at 9,638,453, African Americans 1,771,656 (18.4%)
  • Feb 6 First 86 African American immigrants sponsored by the American Colonization Society start a settlement in present-day Liberia
  • Feb 23 Cato Street conspiracy uncovered, attempt to murder British Prime Minister Earl of Liverpool and Government Ministers
  • Mar 3 Missouri Compromise passes, allowing Missouri to join the United States despite slavery still being legal there.
  • Mar 5 Dutch city of Leeuwarden forbids Jews to go to synagogues on Sundays
  • Mar 9 -11) Philippines chases out foreigners; about 125 die
  • Mar 15 Maine admitted as 23rd state of the Union
  • Mar 25 Greece freedom revolt against anti Ottoman attack

DiscoveryVenus de Milo

Apr 8 The famous ancient Greek statue, Venus de Milo is discovered on the Aegean island of Melos

  • Apr 12 Alexander Ypsilantis is declared leader of Filiki Eteria, a secret organization to overthrow Ottoman rule over Greece.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 11 Launch of HMS Beagle, the ship that would later take a young Charles Darwin on his famous scientific voyage

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • May 13 Opera "Die Jagarsbrautt" is completed
  • Jun 28 Tomato is proven to be non-poisonous by Colonel Robert Gibbon eating a tomato on steps of courthouse in Salem, New Jersey
  • Jul 1 1st edition of newspaper "Courrier de la Meuse" published
  • Aug 1 London's Regent's Canal opens.
  • Aug 7 1st potatoes planted in Hawaii
  • Aug 14 1st US eye hospital, the NY Eye Infirmary, opens in NYC
  • Aug 24 Constitutionalist insurrection at Oporto, Portugal; see Portugal's crises of the Nineteenth Century.
  • Sep 15 Constitutionalist revolution in Lisbon, Portugal; (see Portugal's crises of the Nineteenth Century).
  • Sep 25 French Physicist Francois Arago announces electromagnetism in his discovery that a copper wire between the poles of a voltaic cell could laterally attract iron filings to itself
  • Oct 9 Guayaquil, Ecuador declares its freedom from Ecuador
  • Oct 20 Spain sells part of Florida to US for $5 million
  • Nov 3 Cuenca (Santa Ana de los RĂ­os de Cuenca), Ecuador, declares independence

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 7 James Monroe re-elected US president

5th US President James Monroe
5th US President
James Monroe
  • Nov 18 Antarctica sighted by US Navy Capt Nathaniel B Palmer
  • Dec 15 1st General pharmacopoeia in US published, Boston
  • Dec 20 Missouri imposes a $1 bachelor tax on unmarried men aged between 21 & 50