Historical Events in 1824

  • Jan 22 Ashantis defeat British forces in the Gold Coast
  • Jan 28 William Kneass becomes 3rd US chief engraver (1824-40)
  • Feb 4 J W Goodrich introduces rubber galoshes to public

Dictator Simón Bolívar

Feb 10 Simón Bolívar named dictator by the Congress of Peru

  • Feb 16 Athenaeum club founded in London
  • Mar 2 Interstate commerce comes under federal control
  • Mar 4 The "National Institution for the Preservation of Life from Shipwreck" founded in the United Kingdom, later to be renamed The Royal National Lifeboat Institution in 1858.
  • Mar 5 First Burmese War: The British officially declare war on Burma
  • Mar 7 Giacomo Meyerbeers opera "Il Crociati in Egitto" (The Crusader in Egypt) premieres at La Fenice in Venice with famous castrato Giovanni Battista Velluti singing
  • Mar 11 US War Department creates the Bureau of Indian Affairs
  • Mar 17 Britain & Netherlands sign a trade agreement
  • Mar 21 Fire at Cairo ammunitions dump kills 4,000 horses

Missa Solemnis Premieres

Apr 7 1st performance of Ludwig van Beethoven's "Missa Solemnis" in St. Petersburg, Russia

  • Apr 17 Russia abandons all North American claims south of 54° 40'N
  • May 2 Goethe visits Ettersberg (Buchenwald)
  • May 7 Ludwig van Beethoven's 9th (Choral) Symphony, often regarded as his greatest work, premieres in Vienna
  • May 10 The National Gallery in London opens to the public in its temporary home in a townhouse on Pall Mall

The Greatest Crime in Literary History

May 17 The diaries of Lord Byron are burnt by six of the poet's friends at the office of John Murray in London, sometimes described as “the greatest crime in literary history”

  • May 24 Pope Leo XII proclaims a universal jubilee
  • May 26 Brazil is recognized by the US
  • Jun 4 First free press (without government approval) founded in Australia - the Hobart Town Gazette by ex-convict Andrew Bent [1]
  • Jun 8 Washing machine patented by Noah Cushing of Quebec
  • Jun 17 US Bureau of Indian Affairs established
  • Jun 21 Greek War of Independence: Egyptian forces capture Psara in the Aegean Sea

1st Public Opinion Poll

Jul 24 Harrisburg Pennsylvanian newspaper publishes results of 1st public opinion poll, with a clear lead for Andrew Jackson

  • Jul 25 Costa Rica annexes Guanacaste from Nicaragua.

Music History

Jul 30 Italian composer Gioachino Rossini becomes manager of Theatre Italian in Paris, France

  • Aug 4 Battle of Kos is fought between Turks and Greeks
  • Aug 6 Battle at Junan - Simon Bolívar's army defeats the Spanish
  • Aug 14 General Lafayette returns to US
  • Aug 15 Freed American slaves establish Liberia on the West African coast through the American Colonization Society (ACS)
  • Sep 12 Moreton Bay Penal Settlement established at Redcliffe, Queensland, with about 30 convicts (modern Brisbane, Australia) [1]
  • Sep 26 Kapiolani defies Pele (Hawaiian volcano goddess) & lives

Charles X Enters Paris

Sep 27 Charles X, King of France, makes his state entry into Paris to popular acclaim

  • Oct 4 Mexico becomes a republic
  • Oct 9 Slavery is abolished in Costa Rica
  • Oct 21 Joseph Aspdin patents Portland cement (Yorkshire, England)
  • Nov 2 Popular presidential vote 1st recorded; Andrew Jackson beats John Quincy Adams
  • Nov 7 St Petersburg floods to 4.20m, city's greatest flood
  • Nov 15 Series of fires kills 10 in Edinburgh, Scotland
  • Nov 16 New York City's Fifth Avenue opens for business
  • Nov 19 Storm causes flooding in St Petersburg, killing 10,000
  • Nov 21 First Jewish Reform congregation forms, Charleston, South Carolina
  • Nov 30 First ground is broken at Allenburg for the building of the original Welland Canal

Election of Interest

Dec 1 US House of Representatives begins to decide outcome of election deadlock between John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson (Adams wins)

  • Dec 9 Battle of Ayacucho (Candorcangui), Peru defeats Spain
  • Dec 16 Great North Holland Canal opens