On This Day

Historical Events in 1826

  • Jan 1 Baron Van der Capellen resigns as governor of Dutch-Indies
  • Jan 30 The Menai Suspension Bridge, considered the world's first modern suspension bridge, connecting the Isle of Anglesey to the north West coast of Wales is opened.
  • Feb 11 University College London founded; known until 1836 as London University
  • Feb 13 American Temperance Society forms in Boston
  • Feb 24 The signing of the Treaty of Yandaboo marks the end of the First Burmese War
  • Feb 28 Biela's Comet rediscovered by Austrian astronomer Wilhelm von Biela (originally discovered 1772)
  • Mar 4 1st US railroad chartered, Granite Railway in Quincy, Massachusetts
  • Mar 14 General Congress of South American States assembles at Panama

Music Premiere

Mar 21 Beethoven's "String Quartet No. 13" in B flat major (Op 130) premieres in Vienna

  • Apr 1 Samuel Morey is issued the first U.S. patent for an internal-combustion engine, which he calls a “Gas or Vapour Engine"
  • Apr 10 10,500 inhabitants of the Greek town Messolonghi start leaving the town after a year's siege by Turkish forces. Very few of them survive.
  • Apr 12 Weber's opera "Oberon" premieres in London
  • Apr 23 Missolonghi, Greece captured by Turks
  • May 22 HMS Beagle departs on its first voyage to survey Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego
  • Jun 15 Ottoman Sultan Mahmud II abolishes the elite Janissary corps executing thousands for treason to make way for a more modern army
  • Jun 20 Siam and Britain sign trade and peace treaty
  • Jun 21 Maniots defeat Egyptians under Ibrahim Pasha in the Battle of Vergas

United States Declaration of Independence

Jul 4 Past presidents Thomas Jefferson and John Adams both die on the 50th anniversary of the Declaration of Independence, President John Quincy Adams calls "visible and palpable remarks of Divine Favor"

  • Jul 26 Riots in Vilnius, Lithuania cause the death of many Jews
  • Jul 30 Java prince Dipo Negoro surprise attacks Dutch colony, 82 killed
  • Aug 19 Canada Co. chartered to colonize Upper Canada (Ontario)
  • Aug 22 Colonies under Jedediah Strong Smith move near Salt Lake Utah
  • Aug 24 Netherlands South Willems Port (Bosch-Liege) opens
  • Sep 3 USS Vincennes leaves NY to become 1st warship to circumnavigate globe
  • Oct 7 Granite Railway (1st chartered railway in US) begins operations
  • Nov 15 Dutch Business Me gets monopoly on opium trade in Java/Madura
  • Nov 25 The Greek frigate Hellas arrives in Nafplion to become the first flagship of the Hellenic Navy
  • Nov 27 John Walker invents friction match in England
  • Dec 16 Benjamin W. Edwards rides into Mexican controlled Nacogdoches, Texas and declares himself ruler of the Republic of Fredonia.